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Introduction to functional grammar

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Introduction to functional grammar

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  1. Introduction to functional grammar Systemic Functional Approach Systemic Approach Systemic Linguistics Functional Semantic Approach

  2. Introduction to functional grammar • Language system – Texts • Key Researchers

  3. What do they mean? Why can we make meaning from them? Do they mean the same to everyone?

  4. When I got home last night, I could not believe what ………….. had done. What choices are possible? What’s the implication of the choice?

  5. What is implied about what a language system has to encapsulate?

  6. What’s the context of the text? What accompanies the language? What kind of a text is it? (genre) What are the stages of the text? What is it about? (field) Who is involved? (tenor) Mode of communication? (mode) A: Yes Please B: Can I have those two? A: Yes. One’s forty five. One’s twenty five. B: And have you got ………………….. A: Yes. How many would you like? B: I’ll take two A: Right. That’s four dollars twenty altogether. B: Here you are. A: Thankyou. B: Thankyou.

  7. Data reveals that the greatest consumer spending traditionally occurs during the pre Christmas period. A consequence of this spending is debt. The publicity and expectation of a gift laden Christmas has lead some families to incur debts beyond their means of immediate repayment, leading to the additional and spiralling cost of interest fees. A substantial education program is required to reverse this trend. What’s the context of the text? What accompanies the language? What kind of a text is it? (genre) What are the stages of the text? What is it about? (field) Who is involved? (tenor) Mode of communication? (mode)

  8. 3 main kinds of meaning simultaneously: • Experiential: information (field) • Interpersonal: relationships (tenor) • Textual: relation to mode (mode)

  9. Field Field continuum • everyday ………..specialised ………highly fields fields technical fields

  10. Tenor Tenor continuum • equal status….………great difference in status • familiar …….…………..………...….very distant • great deal of …………………………………little emotional expression emotional expression

  11. Mode Mode continuum • most spoken-like………....… most written-like

  12. A representation of the model of language CULTURE SITUATION tenor field mode LANGUAGE REGISTER GENRE

  13. SEMIOTIC SYSTEM (SYMBOLIC MEANING MAKING SYSTEM) meaning (discourse / semantics) words and structures (lexico – grammar) sounds / letters (phonology / graphology)

  14. Differences between traditional and functional grammar

  15. KEY RESEARCHERS Development of systemic linguistics: Sydney systemists: Michael Halliday (from 1970s); Hasan; Martin; Matthiesson Links with other systemists: Gregory; Sinclair and Coulthard Language Education: Christie; Macken and Rothery Visual art: O’Toole; Kress and van Leeuwen; Unsworth Psychotherapy: Eggins; MacKinnon Artificial Intelligence: Bateman Speech Pathology:Armstrong References: Eggins (1994) An Introduction to Systemic Functional Linguistics, Pinter Love, Pigdon, Baker Built (Building Understandings in Literacy and Teaching) CDROM 2nd Edition, University of Melbourne