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HAZMAT Review. Wes Adams. Hazardous Materials Basics. DOT Regulations. Common Elements. Chemical Reactions. Chemistry. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 3. 3. 3. 3. 3. 4. 4. 4. 4. 4. 5. 5. 5. 5. 5. Flammable Solids. Gases and Liquids. Oxidizers. Corrosives.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

HAZMAT

Review

Wes Adams

slide2

Hazardous Materials Basics

DOT Regulations

Common Elements

Chemical Reactions

Chemistry

1

1

1

1

1

2

2

2

2

2

3

3

3

3

3

4

4

4

4

4

5

5

5

5

5

slide3

Flammable Solids

Gases and Liquids

Oxidizers

Corrosives

Toxic Substances

1

1

1

1

1

2

2

2

2

2

3

3

3

3

3

4

4

4

4

4

5

5

5

5

5

slide4

Organics

Polymers

Explosives

Miscellaneous Hazards

Radioactive Materials

1

1

1

1

1

2

2

2

2

2

3

3

3

3

3

4

4

4

4

4

5

5

5

5

5

slide5

Hazardous Materials Basics for 1

The most common element in the Earth’s crust.

Check Your Answer

slide6

Hazardous Materials Basics for 1

What is oxygen?

Back to the Game Board

slide7

Hazardous Materials Basics for 2

In 1986 Congress, as a result of the Bhopal, India incident, enacted this.

Check Your Answer

slide8

Hazardous Materials Basics for 2

What is EPCRA?

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slide9

Hazardous Materials Basics for 3

The red section of an NFPA placard indicates this.

Check Your Answer

slide10

Hazardous Materials Basics for 3

What is a flammability hazard?

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slide11

Hazardous Materials Basics for 4

This is performed prior to site entry in order to aid in the selection of appropriate personal protective equipment.

Check Your Answer

slide12

Hazardous Materials Basics for 4

What is a preliminary evaluation?

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slide13

Hazardous Materials Basics for 5

This is the highest level of hazardous materials responder and should be aware things like of route of exposure to hazardous materials, acute and delayed toxicity, local and systemic effects, dose response, and synergistic effects in addition to the requirements of the previous levels.

Check Your Answer

slide14

Hazardous Materials Basics for 5

What is the incident commander?

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slide15

Chemistry for 1

Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc is this.

Check Your Answer

slide16

Chemistry for 1

What is a mixture?

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slide17

Chemistry for 2

This is the change between the solid and liquid states.

Check Your Answer

slide18

Chemistry for 2

What is melting?

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slide19

Chemistry for 3

This is the symbol for the element iron.

Check Your Answer

slide20

Chemistry for 3

What is Fe?

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slide21

Chemistry for 4

The number of neutrons in an atom of phosphorus-31.

Check Your Answer

slide22

Chemistry for 4

What is 16?

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slide23

Chemistry for 5

The seventh column of the periodic chart containing the elements fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, and astatine are referred to as this.

Check Your Answer

slide24

Chemistry for 5

What are halogens?

Back to the Game Board

slide25

DOT Regulations for 1

Class 4.3 hazardous materials refer to these materials.

Check Your Answer

slide26

DOT Regulations for 1

What is dangerous when wet?

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slide27

DOT Regulations for 2

A liquid or solid that even in small quantities and without external ignition source can ignite within five minutes after coming in contact with air.

Check Your Answer

slide28

DOT Regulations for 2

What are pyrophoric materials?

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slide29

DOT Regulations for 3

These pages in the ERG list the materials in alphabetical order.

Check Your Answer

slide30

DOT Regulations for 3

What are the blue pages?

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slide31

DOT Regulations for 4

The placard below indicates this kind of material.

Check Your Answer

slide32

DOT Regulations for 4

What are nonflammable gases (class 2.2)?

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slide33

DOT Regulations for 5

The placard below indicates this kind of material.

Check Your Answer

slide34

DOT Regulations for 5

What are Miscellaneous Hazardous materials (class 9)?

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slide35

Common Elements for 1

This gaseous element comprises about 21% of the atmosphere.

Check Your Answer

slide36

Common Elements for 1

What is oxygen?

Back to the Game Board

slide37

Common Elements for 2

This element is the most chemically active nonmetal and forms compounds with all elements except the lighter noble gases.

Check Your Answer

slide38

Common Elements for 2

What is fluorine?

Back to the Game Board

slide39

Common Elements for 3

Products made from this element can be used to sterilize water and as a bleaching agent of paper pulp and certain textiles.

Check Your Answer

slide40

Common Elements for 3

What is chlorine?

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slide41

Common Elements for 4

4/5 of this element used annually is used to make sulfuric acid.

Check Your Answer

slide42

Common Elements for 4

What is sulfur?

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slide43

Common Elements for 5

Coal, diamond, and graphite are allotropes of this element.

Check Your Answer

slide44

Common Elements for 5

What is carbon?

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slide45

Chemical Reactions for 1

This class of fire results when flammable gases and flammable (organic) liquids burn.

Check Your Answer

slide46

Chemical Reactions for 1

What is class B?

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slide47

Chemical Reactions for 2

The type of reaction indicated here:

2 H2O2(aq)  2 H2O(l) + O2(g)

Check Your Answer

slide48

Chemical Reactions for 2

What is a decomposition reaction?

Back to the Game Board

slide49

Chemical Reactions for 3

This factor that affects reaction rates causes combustion reactions to occur much more quickly if the oxygen content of the air is elevated.

Check Your Answer

slide50

Chemical Reactions for 3

What is reactant concentration?

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slide51

Chemical Reactions for 4

Applying water is the most common way of putting out a fire. Water is useful mostly because it takes away this away from the fire.

Check Your Answer

slide52

Chemical Reactions for 4

What is heat?

Back to the Game Board

slide53

Chemical Reactions for 5

A KHCO3 extinguisher is sometimes called this.

Check Your Answer

slide54

Chemical Reactions for 5

What is purple K?

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slide55

Gases and Liquids for 1

Since corn oil has a specific gravity of 0.91 it do this on water.

Check Your Answer

slide56

Gases and Liquids for 1

What is float?

Back to the Game Board

slide57

Gases and Liquids for 2

Since propane has a vapor density of 1.5 it do this in air.

Check Your Answer

slide58

Gases and Liquids for 2

What is sink into low lying areas?

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slide59

Gases and Liquids for 3

This is the minimum temperature at which a flammable liquid first forms an ignitable mixture with air.

Check Your Answer

slide60

Gases and Liquids for 3

What is the flash point?

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slide61

Gases and Liquids for 4

This is the largest amount of a gas or vapor that will burn when exposed to an ignition source.

Check Your Answer

slide62

Gases and Liquids for 4

What is the Upper Explosive Limit (UEL)?

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slide63

Gases and Liquids for 5

A liquid that has a flash point below 73oF and a boiling point below 100oF is referred to as a this of class of flammable liquid.

Check Your Answer

slide64

Gases and Liquids for 5

What is class IA?

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slide65

Flammable Solids for 1

This group of elements from the periodic chart reacts violently with room temperature water.

Check Your Answer

slide66

Flammable Solids for 1

What are alkali metals?

Back to the Game Board

slide67

Flammable Solids for 2

A W with a line drawn through it on the white section of an NFPA placard cautions against adding this.

Check Your Answer

slide68

Flammable Solids for 2

What is water?

Back to the Game Board

slide69

Flammable Solids for 3

Sodium Burns with this color of flame.

Check Your Answer

slide70

Flammable Solids for 3

What is yellow/orange?

Back to the Game Board

slide71

Flammable Solids for 4

Most combustible metal fires are this class of fire.

Check Your Answer

slide72

Flammable Solids for 4

What is class D?

Back to the Game Board

slide73

Flammable Solids for 5

When water is added to calcium carbide it liberates this gas.

Check Your Answer

slide74

Flammable Solids for 5

What is acetylene?

Back to the Game Board

slide75

Oxidizers for 1

Oxidizers are in this class of hazardous materials.

Check Your Answer

slide76

Oxidizers for 1

What is class 5.1?

Back to the Game Board

slide77

Oxidizers for 2

The following reaction illustrates this “redox” pair partner:

Mg  Mg+2 + 2e-

Check Your Answer

slide78

Oxidizers for 2

What is an oxidation?

Back to the Game Board

slide79

Oxidizers for 3

The fluorine in the following reaction is this:

F2 + 2 I-1 I2 + 2 F-1

Check Your Answer

slide80

Oxidizers for 3

What is the oxidizing agent (oxidizer)?

Back to the Game Board

slide81

Oxidizers for 4

The bombing of the Federal Building in Oklahoma City on April 19, 1995 involved mixing this oxidizer with diesel fuel.

Check Your Answer

slide82

Oxidizers for 4

What is ammonium nitrate?

Back to the Game Board

slide83

Oxidizers for 5

This often explosively unstable oxidizing organic material can form in old ether bottles.

Check Your Answer

slide84

Oxidizers for 5

What are organic peroxides?

Back to the Game Board

slide85

Corrosives for 1

A solution with a ph 5.4 is considered this.

Check Your Answer

slide86

Corrosives for 1

What is acidic?

Back to the Game Board

slide87

Corrosives for 2

One hazard of this acid is that it will extract water from organic materials like sugar for one.

Check Your Answer

slide88

Corrosives for 2

What is sulfuric acid?

Back to the Game Board

slide89

Corrosives for 3

This oxidizing acid causes yellow burns on contact with exposed skin.

Check Your Answer

slide90

Corrosives for 3

What is nitric acid?

Back to the Game Board

slide91

Corrosives for 4

Grades of this acid above 73% are not offered for transportation because they are explosively unstable.

Check Your Answer

slide92

Corrosives for 4

What is perchloric acid?

Back to the Game Board

slide93

Corrosives for 5

The best way to deal with a large spill of a corrosive material is to do this.

Check Your Answer

slide94

Corrosives for 5

What is to neutralize it with an appropriate material?

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slide95

Toxic Substances for 1

This route of exposure refers to a substance that penetrates the epidermis into the dermis and the blood stream.

Check Your Answer

slide96

Toxic Substances for 1

What is skin absorption?

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slide97

Toxic Substances for 2

These are toxic substances that cause liver damage, alcoholic beverages for one.

Check Your Answer

slide98

Toxic Substances for 2

What are hepatoxins?

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slide99

Toxic Substances for 3

This is an injury, disease or death caused by continued or repeated short-term exposures over a period of a few days, weeks, or longer periods.

Check Your Answer

slide100

Toxic Substances for 3

What is chronic effect?

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slide101

Toxic Substances for 4

The dosage of a toxic substance when administered to laboratory animals kills half of them is referred to as this.

Check Your Answer

slide102

Toxic Substances for 4

What is Lethal Dose 50% kill (LD50)?

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slide103

Toxic Substances for 5

This is the time weighted average TLV of a toxic substance that workers can be continuously exposed for eight hours in conformance with OSHA regulations.

Check Your Answer

slide104

Toxic Substances for 5

What is the Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL)?

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slide105

Organics for 1

This type of hydrocarbon has at least one carbon-carbon triple bond .

Check Your Answer

slide106

Organics for 1

What is alkyne?

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slide107

Organics for 2

These three aromatic compounds make up the BTX family.

Check Your Answer

slide108

Organics for 2

What are benzene, toluene, and xylene?

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slide109

Organics for 3

The functional group in this molecule for example.

Check Your Answer

slide110

Organics for 3

What is an aldehyde?

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slide111

Organics for 4

This type of organic solvent is typically not flammable.

Check Your Answer

slide112

Organics for 4

What are halogenated hydrocarbons?

Back to the Game Board

slide113

Organics for 5

Drinking as little as 0.6 pints of this alcohol can cause death while lesser amounts cause irreversible blindness.

Check Your Answer

slide114

Organics for 5

What is methanol?

Back to the Game Board

slide115

Polymers for 1

These polymers are materials that if a moderate amount of deforming force is added will return to its original shape.

Check Your Answer

slide116

Polymers for 1

What are elastomers?

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slide117

Polymers for 2

This type of polymerization has alternating types of units (A-B-A-B).

Check Your Answer

slide118

Polymers for 2

What is a co-polymer?

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slide119

Polymers for 3

This is written next to the guide book number in the ERG to indicated a material will hazardously polymerize.

Check Your Answer

slide120

Polymers for 3

What is a “P”?

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slide121

Polymers for 4

This decomposition and formation of flammable vapor away from the heat source can cause this in which the fire spreads to another room with out direct contact from the fire.

Check Your Answer

slide122

Polymers for 4

What is flashover?

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slide123

Polymers for 5

This is the most common polymer made in the US.

Check Your Answer

slide124

Polymers for 5

What is polyethylene?

Used to make milk jugs, trash bags, plastic wrap etc.

Back to the Game Board

slide125

Explosives for 1

These shock waves are associated with the explosives shattering power called this.

Check Your Answer

slide126

Explosives for 1

What is the brisance?

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slide127

Explosives for 2

The type of explosion that can occur in a grain elevator is called this.

Check Your Answer

slide128

Explosives for 2

What is a dust explosion?

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slide129

Explosives for 3

All explosive materials are stored in these buildings by Federal, state, and local regulations.

Check Your Answer

slide130

Explosives for 3

What are magazines?

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slide131

Explosives for 4

According to DOT regulations, the hazard class that houses explosives there are this many divisions.

Check Your Answer

slide132

Explosives for 4

What is 6?

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slide133

Explosives for 5

The bombers of the USS Cole used this as an explosive.

Check Your Answer

slide134

Explosives for 5

What is C-4?

Back to the Game Board

slide135

Miscellaneous Hazards for 1

OSHA specifies this Level of PPE as the minimum protection for workers in danger of exposure to unknown chemical hazards.

Check Your Answer

slide136

Miscellaneous Hazards for 1

What is Level B?

Back to the Game Board

slide137

Miscellaneous Hazards for 2

The area immediately around the spill is called this.

Check Your Answer

slide138

Miscellaneous Hazards for 2

What is the hot zone (exclusion zone)?

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slide139

Miscellaneous Hazards for 3

The mail attacks that followed the September 11 terrorist attacks involved this biological agent.

Check Your Answer

slide140

Miscellaneous Hazards for 3

What is anthrax?

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slide141

Miscellaneous Hazards for 4

This hazardous material is a waste, or reusable material, that contains an infectious substance and is generated in the diagnosis, treatment, or research of humans or animals.

Check Your Answer

slide142

Miscellaneous Hazards for 4

What is an regulated medical waste?

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slide143

Miscellaneous Hazards for 5

A Japanese doomsday cult, used this chemical agent in a terrorist attack on the Tokyo subway system that killed 12 and sent more than 5,000 people to hospitals.

Check Your Answer

slide144

Miscellaneous Hazards for 5

What is Sarin? (used by Aum Shinrikyo)

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slide145

Radioactive Materials for 1

The number of protons does Uranium-238 has.

Check Your Answer

slide146

Radioactive Materials for 1

What is 92?

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slide147

Radioactive Materials for 2

This is the time it takes for ½ of a radioactive material to decay.

Check Your Answer

slide148

Radioactive Materials for 2

What is the half life?

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slide149

Radioactive Materials for 3

This type of radiation types causes the most damage from an external source .

Check Your Answer

slide150

Radioactive Materials for 3

What is gamma radiation?

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slide151

Radioactive Materials for 4

Exposure to this radioactive material accounts for on average 50% the 360 mrem annual exposure to ionizing radiation.

Check Your Answer

slide152

Radioactive Materials for 4

What is radon?

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slide153

Radioactive Materials for 5

This nuclear power plant disaster that occurred in 1986 which is still known as the worst peace-time nuclear disaster on record.

Check Your Answer

slide154

Radioactive Materials for 5

What is Chernobyl?

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