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HAZMAT Transporter. What Drivers Need to Know. Objectives. By the end of today’s session you should know:. Why DOT developed the Hazardous Materials Regulations What is required to transport hazardous materials

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hazmat transporter

HAZMAT Transporter

What Drivers Need to Know


By the end of today’s session you should know:

  • Why DOT developed the Hazardous Materials Regulations
  • What is required to transport hazardous materials
  • What is meant by the terms ”hazardous material”, “hazard class”, “division”, and packing group”.
objectives continued
Objectives Continued
  • What you must check before accepting a shipment of hazardous materials.
  • What precautions you must take when handling, loading, and transporting hazardous materials.
  • What you must do if involved in an accident – including who you must notify
minor violations
Minor Violations
  • Missing ID number on papers
    • $1,000 – $2,000
  • Wrong ID numbers on papers – changing response information
    • $3,000 – $6,000
  • Failing to properly placard
    • $800 - $9,000
  • Failing to file a written report within 30 days of an unintentional release of a HM
    • $500 - $2,500
willful violations
Willful Violations
  • Knowingly transporting a “forbidden”material
    • Fines and or jail time of up to 5 years
license requirements
License Requirements
  • Commercial driver’s license (CDL) – required to operate a commercial motor vehicle
  • Hazmat endorsement – required to transport placarded quantities of hazardous materials
  • Tanker endorsement – required to operate a tank vehicle
  • “Proof”of hazardous materials registration must be carried in your vehicle when you transport materials requiring registration
  • Proof may be:
    • A copy of registration certificate
    • Another document that includes the hazmat registration number
  • A “hazardous material”is a material that is capable of posing an unreasonable risk to health, safety, or property when transporting in commerce.
hazard classes divisions
Hazard Classes & Divisions

Hazard Class 1 - Explosives

  • 1.1 – Mass explosion hazard
  • 1.2 – Projection hazard
  • 1.3 – Predominant fire hazard
  • 1.4 – No significant blast hazard
  • 1.5 – Very insensitive explosives; blasting agents
  • 1.6 – Extremely insensitive detonating substances
hazard classes divisions1
Hazard Classes & Divisions

Hazard Class 2 - Gases

  • 2.1 – Flammable gases
  • 2.2 – Non-flammable/non poisonous gases
  • 2.3 – Poisonous gases
hazard class divisions
Hazard Class & Divisions

Hazard Class 3 – Flammable Liquids

  • Flammable Liquids – Materials that have a flash point below 1410 F
  • Combustible Liquids – Materials with a flash point above 1410 F and below 2000 F
hazard classes divisions2
Hazard Classes & Divisions

Hazard Class 4 – Flammable Solids

  • 4.1 – Flammable Solid
  • 4.2 – Spontaneously Combustible
  • 4.3 – Dangerous When Wet
hazard classes divisions3
Hazard Classes & Divisions

Hazard Class 5 – Oxidizers

  • 5.1 – Oxidizer
  • 5.2 – Organic peroxide
hazard classes divisions4
Hazard Classes & Divisions

Hazard Class 6 – Poisons

  • 6.1 – Poison
  • 6.2 – Infectious Substance
hazard classes divisions5
Hazard Classes & Divisions

Hazard Class 7 – Radioactive

  • Radioactive
hazard classes divisions6
Hazard Classes & Divisions

Hazard Class 8 – Corrosives

  • Corrosive
hazard classes divisions7
Hazard Classes & Divisions

Hazard Class 9 – Miscellaneous Hazard

  • Miscellaneous
hazard classes divisions8
Hazard Classes & Divisions

Hazard Class None

  • Consumer Commodity – ORM-D
packing groups
Packing Groups

Packing groups identify degree of risk

  • I – great danger
  • II – medium danger
  • III – minor danger
  • Class 2, class 7, ORM-D materials and some hazard class 9 materials do not have packing groups
hazardous materials table
Hazardous Materials Table
  • Found in the Hazardous Materials Regulations in section 172.101
  • Lists all acceptable proper shipping names that may be used to describe hazardous materials for transportation
  • Used to prepare shipping papers and packages for transportation
haz mat tables include
Proper shipping name

Hazard classes

Identification numbers

Packing groups

Label codes

Special provisions

Packaging section references

Quantity limitations

Vessel stowage requirements

Haz-Mat Tables Include
list of hazardous substances
List of Hazardous Substances
  • Found in the Hazardous Materials Regulations in Appendix A to Section 172.101
  • Identifies substances that are hazardous to the environment when transported at or above their “reportable quantities” (RQ’s)
list of marine pollutants
List of Marine Pollutants
  • Found in the Hazardous Materials Regulations in Appendix B to Section 172.101
  • Identifies the materials that kill or retard the growth of marine life
shipping papers
Shipping Papers
  • Shipping papers are required for most hazardous material shipments
shipping papers must include
Shipping Papers MUST Include
  • Proper shipping name
  • Hazard class or division
  • UN or NA identification number
  • Packing group if applicable
  • Total quantity (by weight or capacity)
  • Emergency response telephone number
  • Certification statement
shipping papers1
Shipping Papers

When both hazardous and non-hazardous materials are listed, hazardous materials must be:

  • Listed first, or
  • Marked with an “X”in the HM column, or
  • Entered in a contrasting color
shipping papers2
Shipping Papers

Some materials require additional descriptive information:

  • Generic or n.o.s. proper shipping names
  • Hazardous substances
  • Poison inhalation hazards
  • Limited quantities
shipping papers3
Shipping Papers

Shipping papers must be kept in their designated location at all times during transportation

  • Tabbed
  • Within arms reach and visible with safety belt fastened
  • On drivers seat or in door pouch when vehicle is not in operation
emergency response information
Emergency Response Information
  • Emergency response information must be provided for each hazardous material listed on the shipping paper
  • The shipper may provide this information by:
    • Listing it on the shipping paper
    • Offering the ERG
    • Offering the MSDS
carrier information requirement
Carrier Information Requirement
  • A transport vehicle containing hazardous material that requires shipping papers, that is separated from its power unit and parked in a location other than the facility of the hazardous material’s shipper or consignee, or the carrier’s terminal must:
carrier information requirement1
Carrier Information Requirement
  • Be marked with the carriers telephone number on the front exterior of the vehicle near the brake hose and electrical connections or on a label, tag, or sign attached to the vehicle at this location; or
carrier information requirement2
Carrier Information Requirement
  • Have the hazardous materials shipping paper and emergency response information readily available on the transport vehicle.
  • Additionally:
carrier information requirement3
Carrier Information Requirement
  • The unattended vehicle is marked with the identification number of each hazardous material it contains on an orange panel, a placard, or a white square-on-point configuration. The identification number must be visible on the exterior of the vehicle.
non bulk packages
Non-Bulk Packages
  • Liquids – capacity of 119 gallons or less
  • Solids – net mass of 882 pounds or less, and a capacity of 119 gallons or less
  • Gases – Water capacity of 1,000 lbs or less
  • Drums, fiberboard boxes, jerri-cans
bulk packaging
Bulk Packaging
  • No intermediate form of containment
  • Liquids – capacity greater than 119 gallons
  • Solids – net mass greater than 882 lbs, and capacity greater than 119 gallons
  • Gases – Water capacity greater than 1,000 lbs
  • Cargo tanks, portable tanks
performance oriented packaging pop
Performance Oriented Packaging (POP)
  • Is required for most “non-bulk”hazardous materials
  • Has been tested to ensure its reliability during transport
  • Can be identified by the manufacturer’s UN markings
non bulk markings
Non-Bulk Markings
  • Required markings include
    • “Proper shipping name
    • UN or NA identification number
    • Consignee’s or consignor’s name and address
  • Additional markings may include
    • “RQ
    • Orientation arrows
    • Inhalation hazard
    • “ORM-D”
id number markings
ID Number Markings

On Transport Vehicles

An identification number marking is required to be displayed on all four sides of a transport vehicle when:

id number markings1
ID Number Markings
  • The vehicle contains a hazardous material in a bulk package where the ID number on the packaging is not available
  • The vehicle contains 8,820 lbs or more of a hazardous material in non-bulk packaging with the same proper shipping name and ID number (and no other material hazardous or non-hazardous) loaded at one facility, or:
id number markings2
ID Number Markings
  • The vehicle contains 2,205 lbs or more of non-bulk packages of a poison inhalation hazard Zone A or B with the same proper shipping name and ID number that was loaded at one facility
id number marking for non bulk pih
ID Number Marking For Non-Bulk PIH
  • If a transport vehicle contains more than one hazardous material which meets the marking requirements for Poison Inhalation Hazards in non-bulk packages:
id number marking for non bulk pih1
ID Number Marking For Non-Bulk PIH
  • Only the material presenting the greatest hazard must be indicated with an ID number on the exterior of the transport vehicle. Use the following guidelines to determine which ID number should be displayed:
id number marking for non bulk pih2
ID Number Marking For Non-Bulk PIH
  • If the vehicle contains a Zone A and Zone B material – an ID number must be displayed for the Zone A material
  • If the vehicle contains 2 materials in the same hazard Zone – an ID number must be displayed for the material with the highest aggregate gross weight
  • Hazard warning labels are color and symbol-coded to provide immediate warning of a materials hazard
  • They must be displayed on most non-bulk packaging
  • There are two types:
    • Primary Labels - Subsidiary Labels
  • It is no longer a requirement to differentiate between primary and subsidiary risk labels
bulk markings
Bulk Markings

Bulk Packagings must be marked with the ID number displayed on:

  • Orange panels
  • Placards
  • White square-on-point configuration (white diamond the same size as a placard)
bulk markings1
Bulk Markings

Placement varies by packaging size

  • 1,000 + gallons – each end and each side
  • Less than 1,000 gallons – two opposite sides

Additional markings may include

  • Proper shipping or common name
  • Owner and lessee’s name
  • Inhalation hazard
  • Placards are color and symbol-coded signs that provide immediate warning of a materials hazards
  • They must be displayed with words or ID number reading horizontally from left to right

Placards are required on any vehicle transporting:

  • Table 1 materials – any quantity
  • Non-bulk Table 2 materials – 1,001+ lbs

Placards must:

  • Be displayed on each end and each side of transport vehicles and most bulk packagings
  • Be clearly visible
  • Be replaced if they fall off or become unreadable
  • Remain in place until the vehicle or packaging has been unloaded or thoroughly cleaned

Dangerous placards may be used if:

  • The non-bulk shipment includes two or more hazard categories listed in Table 2
  • The weight restrictions are met
subsidiary placards
Subsidiary Placards
  • It is no longer a requirement to differentiate between primary and subsidiary risk placards
  • The subsidiary placards that you will most likely encounter are Dangerous When Wet, Poison Inhalation Hazard, Poison Gas, and Corrosive
handling and transport
Handling and Transport
  • Always use the “Segregation Regulations”if loading more than one hazard class
handling and transport1
Handling and Transport
  • Always use common sense around hazardous materials:
    • Don’t smoke
    • Keep your vehicle from moving (chock wheels)
    • Know the appropriate precautions
    • Handle packages carefully
    • Position packages upright and secure them against movement
    • Monitor the loading/unloading of cargo tanks
handling and transport2
Handling and Transport

DO NOT accept a shipment if:

  • There are discrepancies between the shipping papers and labels, markings, and/or placards
  • The shipping papers are incomplete or inaccurate
  • Any packagings are damaged or leaking


handling and transport3
Handling and Transport
  • Never move your loaded vehicle until it is properly placarded
  • Keep the shipment and public safe by following DOT’s rules for:
    • Routing
    • Parking
    • Vehicle attendance
    • Fueling
    • Tire inspections
haz mat incident
Haz-Mat Incident
  • Follow your carriers procedures for a Haz-Mat incident
  • Never take action beyond your level of training