Cooking Terms - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Cooking Terms

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  1. Cooking Terms

  2. Bake • To cook by dry heat, usually in an oven.

  3. Barbecue • To roast meat slowly on a spit rack or rack over heat-basting frequently with a seasoned sauce.

  4. Beat • To make mixture smooth by lifting it over and over quickly with a big beating stroke or to incorporate air through the mixture.

  5. Blend • To mix two or more ingredients together until well combined.

  6. Blanch • To place foods in boiling water briefly either to partially cook them or to aid in the removal of the skin.

  7. Boil • To cook in water or liquid in which bubbles rise continually and break on surface.

  8. Broil • To cook over, under, or in front of hot coals or a gas or electric burner, or other form of direct heat.

  9. Brown • To bake, dry, or toast a food until the surface is brown.

  10. Brush • To coat food with butter, margarine, or egg-using a small brush.

  11. Cook • To prepare food by applying heat in any form.

  12. Cream • To beat sugar and fat together until fluffy.

  13. Cut In • To cut fat into flour with two knives, or a pastry blender, until it is distributed in small particles throughout the mixture.

  14. Chop • To cut into small pieces.

  15. Dice • To cut into very small cubes.

  16. Flour • To sprinkle or coat with a powered substance, usually with crumbs or seasonings.

  17. Fold In • To mix ingredients by gently turning one part over another with a spatula.

  18. Garnish • To ornament food-usually with another colorful food-before serving to add eye appeal.

  19. Grate • To finely divide food in various sizes by rubbing it on a grater with sharp projections.

  20. Knead • To work dough with the “heel” of the hands, using a pressing motion, accompanied by folding and stretching until smooth and elastic.

  21. Mince • To cut or chop food as finely as possible.

  22. Peel • To remove or strip off the skin or rind of some fruits and vegetables.

  23. Roll • To flatten to a desired thickness by using a rolling pin.

  24. Saute • To cook in a small amount of fat.

  25. Season • To add salt, pepper, or other substances to food that enhance the flavor.

  26. Simmer • To cook below the boiling point, bubble form slowly and break on the surface.

  27. Steam • To cook in the steam generated by boiling water.

  28. Stir • To mix by using circular motion, going around and around until blended.

  29. Toss • To mix ingredients lightly without mashing or crushing them.

  30. Whip • To beat rapidly to introduce air bubbles into food. (Applied to cream, eggs, and gelatin.)