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Cyberbullying. A Teacher’s Guide By: Derek Beaty. What is Cyberbullying ?. According to Essex (2012), it is “the use of electronic devices to send or post hurtful, embarrassing text or images intended to create anxiety, intimidation, or emotional distress in another person” (p. 110).

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A Teacher’s Guide

By: Derek Beaty

What is cyberbullying
What is Cyberbullying?

  • According to Essex (2012), it is “the use of electronic devices to send or post hurtful, embarrassing text or images intended to create anxiety, intimidation, or emotional distress in another person” (p. 110).

What else is it
What else is it?

  • Unwelcome emails from someone a person wants no contact with

  • Hate speech, threats, sexually offensive content, ridicule towards someone

  • Posting false statements

  • Disclosure of personal information in order to embarrass or defame

    (Essex, 2012, p. 110)

Cyberbully tactics
Cyberbully Tactics

  • Gossip

    • Posting or sending gossip to damage someone’s reputation

  • Exclusion

    • Purposely excluding someone from an online group

  • Impersonation

    • Hacking into someone’s email or account to send fake messages

      (Enough is Enough, 2010)

Cyberbully tactics cont
Cyberbully Tactics (cont)

  • Cyberstalking

    • Sending unwanted messages or posts

  • Flaming

    • Hateful and/or offensive messages on websites, forums, or blogs

  • Outing

    • Tricking someone into revealing secrets

  • Cyberthreats

    • Threatening or implying violent behavior

      (Enough is Enough, 2010)


  • 80% of teenagers use social networking sites

  • 88% of teenagers have witnessed mean and cruel behavior on these sites

  • 21% of teenagers have joined in on harassment of others on these sites

    (Pew Research Center, 2011)

More statistics
More Statistics

  • Reasons for cyberbullying:

    • 58% - The person deserved it

    • 58% - To get back at someone

    • 28% - For fun or entertainment

    • 21% - To embarrass someone

    • 16% - Other reasons

    • 14% - To be mean

    • 11% - To show off for friends

      (Teen Summit on Internet and Wireless Safety, 2009)

What does tn law say
What does TN Law say?

  • According to TN Statute 49-6-1016, school districts are responsible for adopting their own policy for harassment, intimidation, bullying, and cyberbullying.

  • There are 13 specific things that must be included in the policy, from the definition of the terms, to who is responsible for implementing the policy.

What does hcde policy say
What does HCDE policy say?

  • Bullying/Harassment/Intimidation (defined as a repeated, intentional, and hurtful behavior directed to another placing a student in reasonable fear and causing a hostile educational environment) is a violation of HCDE School Board Policy. Claims of bullying/intimidation/harassment are to be directed to the building administrator for investigation without the fear of reprisal or retaliation. False accusations as a means of reprisal or retaliation will be disciplined in accordance with district policies, procedures, and agreements.

What can schools do
What Can Schools Do?

  • Determine the amount of cyberbullying occurring by students in the school

    • Have students complete surveys related to cyberbullying

    • Create a task force to help develop policies to combat cyberbullying

What can schools do cont
What Can Schools Do? (cont)

  • Create an awareness campaign for students, parents, school staff, and the community

    • Allows everyone to become aware that cyberbullying is a problem

    • Improves the chances of better monitoring of students’ electronics use

What can schools do cont1
What Can Schools Do? (cont)

  • Allow students to aid in creating an acceptable use policy

    • Should state what represents cyberbullying and what the consequences are for participating in it

    • The policy should also state how cyberbullying outside of the school will be handled if the actions affect a student while in school

What can schools do cont2
What Can Schools Do? (cont)

  • Teach students how to evade, respond to, and report cyberbullying

    • Work with the students on the possible effects of being a bully online, such as discipline from school or the court system

    • Encourage the students to report any online bullying to any adult

What can schools do cont3
What Can Schools Do? (cont)

  • Have school staff attend professional development on cyberbullying

    • Staff should be aware of what steps to follow regarding cyberbullying

    • The staff should know how to recognize and respond to cyberbullying

What can schools do cont4
What Can Schools Do? (cont)

  • Work with the community to help prevent cyberbullying

    • Coordinate with law enforcement and internet service providers to talk with students about the subject

What can schools do cont5
What Can Schools Do? (cont)

  • Teach parents about cyberbullying

    • Inform parents about what it looks like and how it can affect children

    • Encourage parents to take an active role in supervising their child’s internet activity

  • All steps taken from National Center for Mental Health Promotion and Youth Violence Prevention

Resources for schools
Resources for Schools

  • Cybersmart! Cyberbullying Awareness Curriculum -

  • CyberbullyingResearch Center -

  • Stop Cyberbullying -


  • Enough is Enough. (2010). Online bullying. Retrieved from lying.htm

  • Essex, N. L. (2012). School law and the public school: A practical guide for educational leaders (5thed). Saddle River, NJ: Allyn and Bacon.

  • Hamilton County Schools. (2011). Code of acceptable behavior and discipline. Retrieved from acceptable-behavior.pdf


  • National Center for Mental Health Promotion and Youth Violence Prevention. (2009). Preventing cyberbullying in schools and the community. Retrieved from

  • Pew Research Center. (2011). Teens, kindness, and cruelty on social network sites. Retrieved from Releases/2011/Teens-and-social-media.aspx

  • Teen Summit on Internet and Wireless Safety. (2009). Teen online and wireless safety survey: Cyberbullying, sexting, and parental controls. Retrieved from ia/2009_teen_survey_internet_and_wir eless_safety.pdf