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contents. INTRODUCTION. HYDRO POWER PLANT IN INDIA. WORKING. ELEMENTS OF HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER PLANT. CLASSIFICATION. TYPES OF TURBINES. ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES. CONCLUSION. introduction. Hydroelectricity is the term referring to electricity generated by hydropower.

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contents
contents
  • INTRODUCTION.
  • HYDRO POWER PLANT IN INDIA.
  • WORKING.
  • ELEMENTS OF HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER PLANT.
  • CLASSIFICATION.
  • TYPES OF TURBINES.
  • ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES.
  • CONCLUSION
introduction
introduction
  • Hydroelectricity is the term referring to electricity generated by hydropower.
  • The production of electrical power through the use of the gravitational force of falling or flowing water.
hydro power plant in india
HYDRO POWER PLANT IN INDIA
  • First Hydro Power Plant was constructed at Mysore in 1902 named as “ SHIVANASAMUDRA ” having capacity 4.5 MW.
  • Second Hydro Power Plant was constructed at Maharashtra in 1914 named as “ KHOPOLO ” having capacity 50 MW.
  •  The present installed capacity is  37,367 MW; 21.53% of total Electricity Generation in India.
elements of hydro electric power plant
Elements of hydro-electric power plant
  • Storage Reservoir
  • Spillway
  • Surge tank
  • Penstock
  • Tail Race
classification
CLASSIFICATION

Hydro-Electric power plants are classified according to:

  • Availability of water head.
              • Low Head.
              • Medium Head.
              • High Head
  • Type of load they supply.
              • Base Load.
              • Peak Load.
types of turbine
Types of turbine

Mainly water turbines are of three types:

  • Pelton Wheel
                  • Specific Speed – 10-50 rpm.
                  • Head above 200 m.
  • Francis Turbine
                  • Specific Speed – 60-300 rpm.
                  • Head 30 m – 200 m.
  • Kaplan Turbine
                  • Specific Speed – 300 – 1000 rpm.
                  • Head less than 30 m.
advantages
ADVANTAGES
  • No fuel charges.
  • Maintenance & operation charges are very low.
  • Running cost of the plant is low.
  • The plant efficiency does not changes with age.
  • Takes few minutes to run & synchronize the plant.
  • No fuel transportation is required.
  • No Pollution.
  • Used for flood control & irrigation purpose.
  • Long life.
disadvantages
disadvantages
  • Requires large area.
  • Initial cost is high.
  • Takes long time for construction of Dam.
  • Requires long transmission lines.
  • Power generation mainly depends on rain.
conclusion
conclusion
  • Hydroelectric power was one of the first renewable sources of energy, and therefore the most developed currently.
  • Overtime other renewable sources of energy will develop and become competitive, offering a wider variety of affordable renewable energy.
  • Hydroelectric’s market growth in the United States seems to have reached a plateau and is unlikely to see significant growth in the future.