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World History and World Geography:  A Dialogue Jonathan Lee, Department of History Dean Lambert, Department of Earth Sciences San Antonio College Why do we need a dialogue? Geographical Illiteracy

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world history and world geography a dialogue
World History and World Geography:  A Dialogue

Jonathan Lee, Department of History

Dean Lambert, Department of Earth Sciences

San Antonio College

why do we need a dialogue geographical illiteracy
Why do we need a dialogue?Geographical Illiteracy

Ask young people to pick out Iraq on a map of the Middle East, and only 13% can locate it — despite a barrage of headlines and broadcast reports about a possible war against Saddam Hussein. Same goes for Israel or Iran, according to a National Geographic study that finds there has been little to no improvement in students' knowledge of geography since 1988.

From USA Today November 20, 2002

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2002-11- 20-geography-quiz_x.htm

why do we need a dialogue historical illiteracy
Why do we need a dialogue?Historical Illiteracy

Only 44% of 12th graders could answer the following question correctly.

The voyages of Columbus changed life in Europe by

A) introducing new foods and spices to Europe

B) showing Europeans a shorter route to Asia

C) introducing the horse to Spain

D) proving that the Earth was flat

Source: National Center for Education Statistics, History Results

http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/ushistory/results/

teks to taks
TEKS to TAKS

Beginning in 2003, the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) has begun assessing social studies students in grades 8,10,and 11 (exit level). World Geography Studies and World History Studies TEKS provides the basis for three of the five social studies objectives assessed at grades 10 and 11. However, students enrolled in the minimum graduation plan are not required to take both of these courses.

From World Geography Studies and World History Studies

TAKS Correlations Guide with Clarifying Strategies

what is world history
What is World History?
  • The study of large transregional forces and how they have affected various areas and societies
    • migration, trade regimes, expansion of religion, environmental change, military conquest and/or conflict, diffusion of technology
migration
Migration

World Migration, 1918 - 1998

http://www.wwnorton.com/worlds/ch12/maps.htm

trade regimes
Trade Regimes

http://www.dalton.org/groups/rome/RMap2.html

expansion of religion
Expansion of Religion

Gandhara Art

The Buddha as Apollo

(3rd Century BCE)

http://www.silk-road.com/artl/buddhism.shtml

diffusion of technology
Diffusion of Technology

On the Bandarawela Extension - entering mountain tunnel

near Ohiya, Sri Lanka.

http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/D?wtc:1:./temp/~ammem_5wjJ::

new directions in world history
New Directions in World History
  • The study of how large transregional forces have created a global framework of analysis over time
  • A Study of Globalization
  • Global History versus Civilizations
  • Units of Analysis?
    • Transcending the Nation State
do s and don ts
“Do’s and Don’ts”

Do’s

  • Dare to Omit
  • Focus on the Big Picture
  • Meaning over Memory
  • Make connections across regions and societies

Don’ts

  • Eurocentrism
  • Lose the Forest for the Trees
  • Triumph the West
examples
Examples

The Unification of Germany vs. the Growth of Nationalism in Europe and the Americas in the 19th Century

The Cold War v. Decolonization and Third World Nationalism

Marco Polo v. Zheng He or Ibn Battuta

the importance of geography
The Importance of Geography

The crux of world history is the study of cross cultural exchanges.

Students have to place these exchanges in a geographical and historical context.

Concepts of time and placechange over time.

Geographical conceptualization is embedded throughout the course

national geographic society s geography standards
National Geographic Society’s Geography Standards

An understanding of geography can inform an understanding of history in two important ways. First, the events of history take place within geographic contexts. Second, those events are motivated by people's perceptions, correct or otherwise, of geographic contexts. By exploring what the world was like and how it was perceived at a given place at a given time, the geographically informed person is able to interpret major historical issues.

http://www.nationalgeographic.com/xpeditions/standards/17/index.html

the goal
The Goal

The study of change over time and space.

Lessons from 911