Creating writing through cross-curriculum instruction George Darras Walter Hall Elementary League City, Texas July 12, 2004
Supportive Research • William R. Higginson The Haiku Handbook: How to Write, Share, and Teach Haiku. The primary purpose of reading and writing haiku is sharingmoments of our lives that have moved us, pieces of experience and perception that we offer or receive as gifts. At the deepest level, this is the one great purpose of all art, and especially of literature.
Supportive Research • Claudia Dybdahl Teaching Reading Through Poetry Some readers immediately love to read poetry, but for many a love of poetry is developed. In helping students develop an appreciation and understanding of poetry, there are two fundamental principles to keep in mind. First, poetry must be read aloud. Second, poetry should be enjoyed.
Types of Poetry Diamante Poem Limerick Cinquain If I Were …… Poems Concrete Poems Five-Senses Poems Poems for Two Voices Preposition Poems
Poetry Diamante Poem – This is a seven-line contrast poem written in the shape of a diamond. Limerick – This is a form of light verse that uses rhyme and rhythm. The rhyme scheme is a-a-b-b-a. Cinquain – This is a five line poem containing 22 syllables. The lines of syllables are 2-4-6-8-2. 1st line subject, 2nd line describes, 3rd line shows action, 4th line express feeling or observation, 5th line describing or renaming subject If I Were ….. Poems – The poet writes about how they would feel and what they would do if they were something else. Concrete Poems – These are created through artful arrangements of words on the paper. Five-Senses Poems – Students write about a topic using their five senses. These poems are five lines long, one for each sense. Poems for Two Voices – This poem is written in two columns, side by side, and are read together by two readers. Preposition Poems – Each line of the poem begins with a preposition.
Tadpoles Adjective adjective ing ing ing ing ing ing Adjective Adjective Frogs Diamante Poem
Limerick In the ocean lived a huge shark. This big bad dude’s name was Clark. Everyone around him would say. That sooner or later it would be his last day. Then one day, he choked on a piece of bark. Cinquain Seashell Big, small, long, round Laying, hoping, waiting Going in and out with the tide Now found
If I Were …. Poem If I were a shark I would swim around in the sea Then no one would be the boss of me Concrete Poems
Modeling Poems • Students can model poems composed by adult poets. As they write poems, students use what they have learned in their own poetry. The biggest misconception by students is that poems have to rhyme. It is important that teachers develop a concept of poetry that displays the variety of poems. This can happen by incorporating minilessons at the beginning of each poetic unit and as part of the poetic writing activities.
Writing what you know • I learned about the Sea Cucumber. I also learned about the Sea Biscuit. • My diorama had a lot of sharks in it. Sharks have gills on both sides of their body. They have scales everywhere on their bodies. Sharks have a lot of sharp teeth. Sharks cannot stop swimming or they will die because they cannot get water past their gills.
Using Voice in Writing • A vent can be anywhere on the ocean floor. I went swimming by one of the vents. A snake frightened me. The vent exploded in the ocean. My brother got stuck in the vent. • When I was in the pet store I saw a baby shark. He was only $30 dollars. I bought a Whipper Shark. He spins and hits fish to get his food.
Water Music: Poems for Children by Jane Yolen, Jason Stemple How to Cross a Pond : Poems About Water by MARILYN SINGER Salting the Ocean : 100 Poems by Young Poets by Naomi Shihab Nye Splash! Poems of Our Watery World by Constance Levy, David Soman Swimmer by Shelley Gill Rainbow Fish & Friends; A Fish Story by Marcus Phster I Wonder If Sea Cows Give Milk and other neat facts about unusual animals by Annabelle Donati A Safe Home for Manatees by Priscilla Belz Jenkins Fish by Christopher Nicholas The Earth is Mostly Ocean by Allan Fowler Face-to-Face; Sharks by Scholastic Water by Susan Canizares, Pamela Chanko A Fish out of Water by Helen Palmer 101 Questions about the Seashore by Sy Barlowe Friendly Dolphins by Allan Fowler It Could still be Coral by Allan Fowler Ocean Hunters by Kris Hirschmann Starfish by Edith Thacher Hurd Beluga Pass by Linda Lingeman Books on the ocean