The Safavid Empire. Basics. Today known as Iran – then Persia Unique identity – not Arab Language - Farsi Surrounded by empires on both sides. In the beginning…. Descended from Safi-od Din – 1252-1334 Leader of a Sufi religious order in NW Persia.
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Esmail’s father instructed his followers to wear a distinctive red hat with 12 pleats in memory of the 12 imams
Also a theory that Esmail was a hidden Imam- Divine?
Kizilbash believed that Esmail would make them invincible in battle- super loyal
Sunni Ottomans became the enemy