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Tim Bornholtz tim@bornholtz.com Blogs and Wikis Purpose Many new technologies are available on the internet that enable people to publish and edit content without expensive tools or extreme technical knowledge

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Tim Bornholtz


Blogs and Wikis

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  • Many new technologies are available on the internet that enable people to publish and edit content without expensive tools or extreme technical knowledge

  • Try to give an understanding of what they are and how they can be used in your organization

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Digital Natives

  • “Our students have changed radically. Today’s students are no longer the people our educational system was designed to teach”

  • “Our students today are all “native speakers” of the digital language of computers, video games and the Internet”- Prensky, 2001

  • Students today think of digital resources as we would think of a book or telephone or television

    • Vital tools for getting information

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The Rest of Us

  • That leaves the rest of us as “Digital Immigrants”

  • We speak an outdated language (that of the pre-digital age) and are struggling to teach a population that speaks an entirely new language.”

    • Why do we “dial” a number? There is no dial on a telephone

    • Who among us prints documents to edit them

    • We bring someone to our computer to show them a website instead of sending them the URL

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Web 1.0

  • Static pages

  • Needed a full-time “webmaster” to handle content changes

  • Dynamic pages were still read only

  • Needed a programmer to make any changes to dynamic pages

  • 1989 - 2005

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Web 2.0

  • People can create their own content.

  • Transformative tools

    • Allowing anyone to do at home what used to require professionals with expensive equipment.

  • Convergence of media – Web, audio, video and more

  • “Social Media” sites allow people to share opinions, experiences, and perspectives

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Emerging Technologies

  • Blogs wikis and podcasts (oh my)‏

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  • Web journal or online diary

    • Usually written by one person or a small group of people

    • Most blogs provide commentary or news on one topic

    • Articles usually link to other blogs or news items

    • Readers are able to leave comments

    • Some blogs integrate photos or video in addition to text articles

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Blogs in Higher Ed

  • Opening up classroom walls

  • Showing the wider world what is happening

    • Other students in class

    • Parents

    • Students in other classes

    • Anyone with an internet connection

  • Links to relevant articles

  • Provide a wider audience for students

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  • Site that can be written to by many of people

  • Content is the priority, not design

  • Built in revision control

  • Why use a wiki

    • online classroom pages that can be changed easily

    • Put student's work on the web

  • Examples

    • Wikiville – students collaborate with topics of interest

    • Wikipedia – online encyclopedia

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Uses of Wikis

  • Classroom discussion

    • List assignments

    • Discuss curriculum

  • Create a community around a specific topic

    • Community can pool their knowledge

  • Developer tool

    • Software documentation

    • Maintain enhancement list

    • Track issues

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Advantages of a Wiki

  • Good for writing down quick ideas

  • Instantly collaborative without emailing documents

  • Accessible from anywhere with a browser

  • Every page revision is kept

  • Immediate and empowering – everyone has a say

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Disadvantages of a Wiki

  • People can see your half-formed, unsure, or speculative ideas

  • Tendency for entries to be messy without deliberate maintenance

  • If it is public you may be a target for spam

  • Need to be reasonably technical to use the wiki-specific markup

  • Difficult to enforce content standards and styles

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RSS Feeds

  • XML file for serving frequentlyupdated content

  • Content publishers syndicatea feed

  • Users subscribe to the feed

  • Feed Readers periodically check the syndicated feed for updates

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  • A podcast is a media file, audio or video, delivered over the internet using syndicated feeds

  • Made popular by Apple with iTunes

  • Can be played back on portable media players or computers

  • Can also be integrated with text or PDFs for a richer experience

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Podcasts in Higher Ed

  • Help students to connect to others

  • Provide many different resources for listening

  • Take a lesson with you and replay it as many times as you'd like

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Podcasts in Higher Ed (cont)

  • Teachers are starting to create lessons as podcasts

  • Starting to incorporate student podcasts into the lessons.

    • Students will take greater care in their work when there is an audience

  • Get in contact with like-minded teachers who are also providing podcasts

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  • YouTube, Google Video, Yahoo Video

  • Anyone with a camera can create, edit, and upload videos

  • Videos on many subjects available

  • Students can produce and upload their own content

  • Able to easliy integrate videos into blog postings

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Web 3.0

  • Virtual worlds such as Second Life

    • The people who “live” there create most everything in the environment

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Second Life

  • Many schools are using Second Life as an environment for e-learning

  • Creating online tools for learning within the virtual world

  • Holding classes for distance learning

  • Second Life “allows students to experiment with architectural design, to study monetary policy, and to do sociology research -- to name just a few educational uses -- in an enclosed, relatively risk-free environment” - Chronicle of Higher Education 8/30/2006

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Tim Bornholtz


(540) 446-8404

  • References

    • Graham Stanleyhttp://blog-efl.blogspot.com/2006/11/blogs-wikis-podcasts-second-life.html

    • Marc Prenskyhttp://marcprensky.com

    • Chronicle of Higher Educationhttp://chronicle.com/daily/2006/08/2006083001t.htm