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Homeland Security: There is No Revealed Truth NPS Graduate Programs In Homeland Defense And Security Presented by: Maxine Reneker, Principal Investigator Homeland Security Digital Library Project Military Librarians Workshop December 11, 2003 Overview

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homeland security there is no revealed truth nps graduate programs in homeland defense and security

Homeland Security: There is No Revealed TruthNPS Graduate Programs In Homeland Defense And Security

Presented by:

Maxine Reneker, Principal Investigator Homeland Security Digital Library Project

Military Librarians Workshop December 11, 2003

  • Provide an overview on the NPS Masters Degree program in Homeland Defense and Security
  • Highlight backgrounds of students to show the diversity of their backgrounds and their caliber
  • Briefly describe research project as a way to illustrate some of the issues/problems being examined
  • Discuss taxonomy as a way of bounding the “un-discipline” of homeland security
vision for nps program
Vision for NPS program
  • Enable the US to win the war on terrorism by developing future leaders for local, state, and federal organizations responsible for HS
  • Program:
    • Gain analytic skills and substantive expertise to counter terrorism
    • Bridge gaps in interagency and civil-military cooperation
    • Bring together a diverse range of students to share perspectives and lay foundation for long-term HS collaboration
strategies for learning
Strategies for Learning
  • Students already serving on the “front lines” so can’t enroll in traditional in-residence Masters Degree
  • Rely on interactive, web-based distributed learning as an element of the curriculum
  • Simulation exercise to accomplish learning objectives
  • Long range objective: establish a COP forum to provide life-long opportunity for alumni to work together on emerging problems
learning outcomes
Learning Outcomes
  • Prepare learners to directly and immediately contribute to the development of strategy, policy and other initiatives needed to defeat terrorism
  • Develop a cadre of leaders across the HS continuum who share substantive skills in analysis, interpretation, strategy and policy development and administration
  • Complement other more operationally oriented training programs
  • Advance the study of Homeland Security as a substantive field of research, scholarship and professional discipline that can contribute to enhancing security while preserving liberty
  • Facilitate online COP’s where leaders can share problem solving insights and strengthen interagency working relationships
nps program overview
NPS Program Overview
  • Program builds on expertise of NPS faculty
  • Several programs, course of study, and individual courses underway at NPS prior to 9/11 related to both Homeland Defense and Homeland Security. (CCMR Programs, Intelligence, various security courses for example)
  • NPS Homeland Defense and Homeland Security Programs sponsored by Department of Homeland Security’s Office for Domestic Preparedness (ODP) and Navy Staff post 9/11
  • Analysis of theses in winter quarter 2003 showed almost half of all theses had a homeland security component or application
ma curriculum objectives
MA Curriculum Objectives
  • Goal: Prepare Future Homeland Defense and Homeland Security Leaders (military and civilian) from Local, State and Federal Organizations to:
    • Develop strategies, plans and programs to prevent terrorist attacks within the United States, and reduce America’s vulnerability to terrorism
    • Develop the organizational arrangements needed to strengthen Homeland Defense and Security, including civil-military, Federal/State/Local, and interagency cooperation
    • Make sound leadership decisions on policies to address the technical/scientific challenges posed by terrorism
ma curriculum content
MA Curriculum Content
  • Curriculum is a specialized version (“track”) of NPS’ existing, fully accredited MA in Security Studies
    • Introduction to Homeland Security
    • Comparative Government and Homeland Security
    • Asymmetric Conflict and HD/HS
    • Critical Infrastructure: Vulnerability Analysis and Protection
    • Information Technology Management for HD/HS
    • Law Enforcement and Judicial Issues for HD/HS
    • Strategic Planning and Budgeting for HD/HS
    • Intelligence for HD/HS: Organizational and Policy Challenges
    • Civil-Military Relations for HD/HS
    • Electives (policy or analytic/technical)
    • Thesis (and research methods course)
ma distance learning curriculum delivery
MA Distance LearningCurriculum Delivery
  • Students execute DL coursework during middle of quarter
    • Scenario-based exercises reinforce/apply learning
    • Exercises conducted in a detailed, fully built-out “cyber city” (San Luis Rey)
    • Students also execute research papers for each class (focused on real-world problem for their State, City, or Federal organization)
    • Courses conclude with one week in-residence capstone (providing additional contact hours)
schematic of in residence dl phasing
Schematic of In-Residence/DL Phasing

Online Scenario-Based

Exercises & Research Work

Week One:

Launch Two


(In Residence)

Week One:

Launch Next

Quarters Two


(In Residence)

Final week:

Complete and

present research


(In Residence)

  • Administrator of Iowa Emergency Management Division and Iowa Homeland Security Advisor
  • Manager, Emergency Management Program, Colorado Dept of Public Health and Environment
  • Captain, Seattle Fire Department
  • MAJ, Active duty National Guard still in program?
  • MAJ, Strategic Planner, US Northern Command
  • RN, Paramedic and Disaster Coordinator, Hospital Medical Center
student thesis
Student Thesis
  • Thesis research by NPS students provides their Sponsors with “twofer”
    • Low-cost, high quality research completed on actual Sponsor requirements for:
      • Strategy/policy development (Utah, NYC)
      • Organizational design (Washington, Iowa)
    • Creates SMEs for future
  • Student research also builds case studies, other curriculum materials for use in subsequent MA classes
student thesis topic
Student Thesis Topic
  • A Multi-State Approach for Homeland Security
    • Propose an approach that can be used to foster interstate cooperation in implementing key HS initiatives
      • Nation not adequately addressing the vulnerabilities of agriculture related terrorist attacks
      • Opportunity to strengthen detection, prevention, protection and response preparedness against agriculture terrorism attacks
      • Need interstate compact for agro-terrorism preparedness
mobile education teams
Mobile Education Teams
  • One Day sessions
  • Targeted at Gubernatorial Level
  • Address state specific issues
  • Homework
research sponsored by dhs
Research sponsored by DHS
  • Face Recognition System using Uncooled Infrared Imagining
  • Analyzing Electric Power Grids Under Terrorist Threat
  • Intelligent Software Decoys
  • Vulnerability of Wireless Local Area Networks to Interception
  • Concealed Weapons Detection
  • History of Posse Comitatus
  • Interagency Coordination for Homeland Security: Building Flexible, Collaborative Networks
breadth of topics researched at nps
Breadth of Topics Researched at NPS

Achieving Last-Mile Broadband Access with Passive Optical Networking Technology

Advanced Denial of Service Techniques in IEEE 802.11B Wireless Local Area Networks



Impact of Public Perception on U.S. National Policy: A Study of Media Influence in Military and Government Decision Making





& Operations

Multiple Additive Regression Trees: A Methodology for Predictive Data Mining for Fraud Detection






HSDL Community

The Impact on Quality of Service when Using Security-Enabling Filters to Provide for the Security of Run-Time Extensible Virtual Environments

Satellite Communications for Coast Guard Homeland Defense




Analysis of the Department of Defense Homeland Security Support Organization

The Role of the Army National Guard in the 21st Century: Peacekeeping vs. Homeland Security

taxonomy revealed
Taxonomy Revealed
  • What counts is what users require
  • Faceted taxonomy of eight facets
  • Notion of adversariality: 7 of 8 facets: response, targets, or threats
  • Four preeminently important conceptual dimensions: threats, targets, responses, bodies of knowledge (science and industry)
  • Notion of underlying educational nature of HSDL
  • Homeland security policy is ontologically “complex”
  • Navigational taxonomy layered on top of faceted taxonomy
  • Actors:
    • Organization: DHS directorates, medical teams
    • Individual: nurses, volunteers, suicide bombers
  • Attributes: [way to describe things, measurements] credibility, readiness, threat levels
  • Events: what actors do to objects or other actors: narcotic seizures, letter bombs
  • Geography: named geographical places: US to the state level, foreign to the country level
facets continued
Facets continued
  • Information Resources: epidemiological models, legislation
  • Locations: buildings, networks, physical places that an actor can go
  • Organization and Mgt: public safety communications, military-media relations
  • Technologies: algorithms, biometric technologies
high level navigation taxonomy



Bodies of Knowledge/




Info Resource Types



Organization & Mgt


High Level Navigation Taxonomy
research topics taxonomy facets
Denial of Service

Data Mining for Fraud Detection

Role of the Army National Guard in HS

Media Influence in Gov and Mil Decision Making

Event: Technologies

Threat: Technologies

Response: Actors

Bodies of Knowledge: Organization & Management

Research Topics: Taxonomy Facets