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MLA Documentation Understanding a Discipline’s Philosophy Creating Credibility with Your Readers Living a Plagiarism-Free Life UNO Writing Center 2006-07 Language of Documentation History of Documentation Philosophy of MLA Why do we cite sources?

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slide1
MLADocumentation

Understanding a Discipline’s Philosophy

Creating Credibility with Your Readers

Living a Plagiarism-Free Life

UNO Writing Center

2006-07

language of documentation
Languageof Documentation
  • Historyof Documentation
  • Philosophy of MLA
why do we cite sources
Why do we cite sources?
  • To allow readers to locate and retrieve sources used in an essay.
  • To properly acknowledge another author’s ideas and work.
  • To build your own credibility as a serious, knowledgeable writer.
  • To avoid plagiarism.
mla style two parts
MLA Style: Two Parts
  • In-Text Citation

(Parenthetical Documentation)

  • Works Cited Page
part i in text citations what needs to be cited
Part I: In-Text CitationsWhat needs to be cited?
  • Direct Quotes
  • Paraphrases
  • Another source’s research, theories or ideas
  • Another source’s argument or opinions
  • Facts that are not commonly known
  • Another source’s visuals, e.g. tables, graphs, images, statistics
part i in text citations what does not need to be cited
Part I: In-Text CitationsWhat does NOT need to be cited?
  • Proverbs or sayings
    • A stitch in time saves nine.
  • Well-known quotations
    • “To be or not to be. That is the question.”
  • Common knowledge
    • Shakespeare wrote Hamlet.
  • Your own field research, observations or surveys
    • My survey revealed that 15% of the Shakespeare class believes Francis Bacon wrote Shakespeare’s plays.
how to use in text citations
How to Use In-text Citations

Author’s last name and page number(s) of quote must appear in the text.

Heiresses know “there’s a big difference between being fun and provocative and being totally over the top and gross”(Hilton 8).

Paris Hiltonargues an heiress knows “there’s a big difference between being fun and provocative and being totally over the top and gross”(8).

using attributive tags signal phrases
Using Attributive Tags (Signal Phrases)

According toHiltonin her autobiography, “I’m a fantasy to a lot of people . . . They want to think I’m ‘Paris Barbie’”(8).

In her autobiography, Confessions of an Heiress,Paris Hiltonreminds us that “an heiress knows how to tread that fine line – in stilettos”(8).

how to cite a paraphrase
How to Cite a Paraphrase
  • Paraphrase material by putting the source’s idea into your own words AND sentence structure.

Original: “there’s a big difference between being fun and provocative and being totally over the top and gross”(Hilton 8).

Paraphrase: Hilton acknowledges the contrast between suggestive behavior and coarse, vulgar behavior(8).

in text rarities
In-text Rarities
  • Same Last Name:Use the first initial of their first name in the parenthetical:

(C. Hilton 45 )and(P. Hilton 8)

  • No Author: Use the first word or words from the title of the source. Punctuate appropriately: “Paris: The Barest” (“Paris” 12)
more in text rarities
More In-text Rarities
  • Same Author, Multiple Works:

The author’s last name must be accompanied by a word from the title of the source you are referring to:

(Hilton, “Confessions” 8)and (Hilton, “Diary” 25)

  • Web Sources: When possible use (Author page #) or (Title page #): (Dionne A21)

If no page numbers are provided, use paragraph numbers

instead. (Author par. #) or (Title par. #): (“Paris” par. 17)

part 2 works cited
Part 2: Works Cited
  • The Works Cited page contains a complete list of sources that you cite in your essay.
  • Each Works Cited entry provides the bibliographic information necessary for a reader to locate and retrieve that source.
works cited
Works Cited
  • Most entries should contain the following information:

Author’s name (last name, first name)

Title of work

Publication information

works cited some examples
Works Cited: Some Examples
  • Book:

Author. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Date.

Mair, George. Paris Hilton: The Naked Truth. New York: Penguin, 2004.

Collins, Ronald K.L., and David M. Skover. The Death of Discourse. New York: Westview, 1996.

Note: Only the first author’s name is reversed.

works cited more examples
Works Cited: More Examples
  • Journal Article

Author. “Title of Article: Subtitle.” Periodical Title Volume (Year): Inclusive Page Number(s).

Howarth, William J. “Some Principles of Autobiography.” New Literary History 5.2 (1974): 363-81.

Note: Journals that paginate each issue separately will call for an issue number as well: . . . volume.issue (year): inclusive page numbers.

works cited even more examples
Works Cited: Even More Examples
  • Web Page (Professional )

Author. “Title of Document.” Info about Electronic Publication. Access Information.

Dionne, Jr., E.J. “The Paris Hilton Tax Cut.” The Washington Post 12 Apr. 2005. 29 Oct. 2005 .

for more information
For more information…
  • MLA Handbook
  • UNO Writing Center www.unomaha.edu/writingcenter/
  • Modern Language Association www.mla.org
  • Purdue On-Line Writing Lab owl.english.purdue.edu
  • St. Martin’s Handbook
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