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Malaysian Qualification Framework (MQF) Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali Ministry of Higher Education Learning Outcomes At the end of this session, participants should able to: Apply MQF requirement in curriculum write-up;

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malaysian qualification framework mqf

Malaysian QualificationFramework (MQF)

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

learning outcomes
Learning Outcomes

At the end of this session, participants should able to:

  • Apply MQF requirement in curriculum write-up;
  • understand attributes of Program outcomes: POs, Learning Taxonomy (LT) or course outcomes (COs), soft skills (KI) and students learning time (SLT);
  • prepare and state LOs and KI of a program;
  • state appropriate LTs for each course to achieve the LOs and KI of the program;
  • calculate the credit associated to a particular course and programme;
  • make judgements whether the students are given a fair credit to attain a set of learning outcomes..

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

what is mqf
What is MQF?
  • A single framework for tertiary education
  • Uses standardized definitions and terms
  • Allows comparisons between qualifications on a “standard” scale

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

3

what is mqf cont
What is MQF? - cont
  • All qualifications in M’sia should be able to “fit” into the framework regardless of the

- awarding body (IPTA, IPTS, Ministries, etc)

    • - Program design (local, twinning, franchise etc.)
    • - Mode of delivery (conventional, e-learning, part-time, etc)

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

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slide5

Paradigm Shift in the Education & Training Philosophy

From teacher-centre to a student-centre

Traditional teaching : modern teaching :

teacher “owns” the students (trainee) to learn

knowledge and convey as much as possible.

it to the students.

Teacher brings the teacher as a coach who

content and the answers asks questions and

into the training room provides quide lines for

with him / her. the acquisition of knowledge.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

slide6

OUTCOME-BASED EDUCATION (OBE)

  • An educational philosophy that states education ought to be
  • aimed at producing particular educational outcomes :
  • - Giving students a particular, minimum level of
  • knowledge and abilities.
  • Lecturer’s role as a “coach or facilitator”.
  • OBE addresses the following questions:
    • - What do you want the students to learn?
    • - Why do you want them to learn?
    • - How best students learn it?
    • - How will you know what they have learnt?

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

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OUTCOME-BASED EDUCATION (OBE)

  • OBE focuses on student learning by :
    • - Using LO statements to make explicit what the
    • student is expected to be able to know,
    • understand or do;
    • - Providing learning activities which will help the
    • student to reach these outcomes;
    • - Assessing the extent to which the student
    • meets these outcomes through the use of
    • explicit assessment criteria.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

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slide8

MQF REQUIREMENT ON COPPA

  • Vision: Defines where the organization / programme wants to be in the future. It reflects the optimistic view of the organization's / programme’s future.
  • Mission: Defines where the organization / programme is going now, basically describing the purpose, why this organization / programme exists.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

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CODE OF PRACTICE FOR PROGRAMME ACCREDITATION, COPPA

Guidelines On The Standards and Criteria For Programme Accreditation :

  • Vision, Mission, Educational Goals and Learning Outcomes
  • Curriculum Design and Delivery
  • Assessment of Students
  • Student Selection and Support Services
  • Academic Staff
  • Educational Resources
  • Programme Monitoring and Review
  • Leadership, Governance, and Administration
  • Continual Quality Improvement

9

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

slide10

OBJECTIVES vs OUTCOMES

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

learning outcomes11
Learning Outcomes
  • Learning outcomes (LO) describe the profile of knowledge, intellectual potential, skills and attitudes of a graduate from an academic program.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

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slide12

Learning Outcomes (LOs)

uses action verbs that specify definite, observable behaviors.

uses simple language.

describes student rather than teacher behaviors.

describes an outcome rather than a learning process.

focuses on end-of-instruction behavior rather than subject matter coverage.

indicates a single outcome per objective.

can be assessed by one or more indicators (methods).is clearly linked to a goal.

is realistic and attainable.

is not simple when complexity is needed.

is clear to people outside the discipline.

is validated by departmental colleagues.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

slide13

There are 8 broad outcome domains for any level of qualification of any discipline.

  • **JPT has 8+1 (leadership skills)

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

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los of a program as required by jpt mqf

Psychomotor/ Practical/ Technical Skills (LO2)

Life Long Learning & Information Management (LO6)

Knowledge (LO1)

Professionalism, values, attitudes, ethics (LO7)

Managerial & Entrepreneurial Skills (LO8)

Leadership skill (LO9)

Communication Skills (LO4)

LOs of a program as required by JPT / MQF

Social Skills & Responsibility (LO5)

Critical Thinking &

Scientific Approach (LO3)

14

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

slide15

LOs for all the courses in the program

** Mapping of the course/module to the Program

Learning Outcomes

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

slide16

LOs for all the courses in the program / Learning Taxonomy (Course Outcomes = CO)

Cognitive Domain : What does the student

know?

Psychomotor Domain : What does the student

do?

Affective Domain : What does the student care

about?

**These determine the breadth and depth of a program

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

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slide17

Cognitive Domain :

What does the student know?

C1. KNOWLEDGE

C2. COMPREHENSION

C3. APPLICATION

C4. ANALYSIS

C5. SYNTHESIS

C6. EVALUATION

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

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Psychomotor Domain :

What does the student do?

P1. PERCEPTION

P2. SET

P3. GUIDED RESPONSE

P4. MECHANISM

P5. COMPLEX OVERT RESPONSE

P6. ADAPTATION

P7. ORIGINATION

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

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Affective Domain :

What does the student care about?

A1. RECEIVING

A2. RESPONDING

A3. VALUING

A4. ORGANIZING

A5. INTERNALIZING

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

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Learning Taxonomy

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

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SOFT SKILLS

  • 7 elements of soft skills which further describe the psychomotor and affective components of the course outcomes:
    • 1. Communication skills (CS1-8)
    • 2. Critical thinking and problem solving (CTPS1-7)
    • 3. Team work skill (TS1-5)
    • 4. Life long learning and information management (LL1-3)
    • 5. Entrepreneurship skills (ES1-4)
    • 6. Ethics and moral professionalism (EM1-3)
    • 7. Leadership skill (LS1-4)

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

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SOFT SKILLS (KEMAHIRAN INSANIAH [KI]) LEVELS

The shaded columns rep the “must do” KI and be evaluated

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

slide23

MQF REQUIREMENT ON COPPA

  • PART B: PROGRAMME DESCRIPTION
  • Name of the award (as in the scroll to be awarded):
  • MQF level:
  • Credit value:
  • Type of award (e.g., single major, double major, etc.):
  • Field of study:
  • Language of instruction:
  • Mode of study (e.g., full-time/part-time, etc.):
  • Mode of delivery (lecture/tutorial/lab/field work/studio, etc.):
  • Method of delivery (Conventional/Distance learning, etc.):
  • Duration of study:
  • Entry requirements:
  • Estimated date of first intake: month / year
  • Projected intake and enrolment:
  • Estimated date of pioneer graduation: month/year
  • Expected areas of graduate employment:
  • Awarding body:
    • Own
    • Others

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Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

what is credit
What is credit?

Creditis a quantitative measurement which represents the learning volume or academic load in order to achieve the determined learning outcomes.

Creditis a measure of the volume of learning to achieve a defined group of learning outcomes at a particular level. It represents the outcomes of all forms of learning whether lecture-based, tutorial, work-based, research, experiential, practical activities, private study, preparation for assessment or whatever. It does not simply relate to formal teaching.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

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slide25

Credit System

  • Traditional

- Based on teacher-centred

- Measured by staff contact time

  • MQF Credit System

- Based on student-centred output-oriented

approach

- Measured by learning volume by the student

Prof. Zainai’s slide

25

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

current credit hour system
Current Credit Hour System
  • Current academic system :
    • 1 credit unit have different definitions for the different modes of teaching e.g. lecture, practicals and industrial training
    • Different definitions do exist between faculties and between institutions

26

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

notional credit hours
Notional Credit Hours
  • The use of a system called Notional Credit Hours (NC) is proposed as the standard unit and takes into account all academic related activities performed by the student regardless of the teaching mode
  • Note that the key word is STUDENT activity not lecturer!
  • 1 NC = 40 hrs of Student Learning Time (SLT)
  • Value of 1 NC derived from studies and is comparable to UK and EU

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Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

slide28

Student Learning Time (SLT)

  • Effective learning time or student effort in learning or the learning
  • volume (a quantitative measurement of all learning activities), in
  • order to achieve the specified learning outcomes;
  • Inclusive all learning time components (learning activities), i.e.
  • formal and non-formal. Total time required by student to learn a
  • particular component of curriculum;
  • i.e. Official Contact Time + Guided Learning Time + Self Study
  • Time (Independent learning) + Assessment Time.
  • Synonymous to student’s academic load, e.g. credit hours; subjects;
  • modules; etc.

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Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

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Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

slide30

Guideline for estimating SLT

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Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

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Guideline for estimating SLT

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Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

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Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

slide34

MQF credits & requirement

          • Eg. minimal credits requirement according to program level
  • Levels Minimum credits
  • PhD *not being accredited
  • MSc / Sarjana *40
  • Bachelor (BSc) / Sarjana Muda (Kepujian) 120
  • Advanced Dip / Diploma Lanjutan 40
  • Diploma 90
  • Certificate / Sijil 60
  • Competency certificate / Sijil Kelayakan 1, 2 & 3 Based on competency / Berasaskan kemahiran
  • Foundation / Kursus persediaan asas 50
  • * Refer to Postgraduates Study Program Guidelines

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Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

effective course design
EFFECTIVE COURSE DESIGN

PROGRAM OUTCOMES

  • COGNITIVE TAX
  • AFFECTIVE TAX
  • PSYCHOMOTOR TAX
  • SOCIAL TAX

COURSE-SPECIFIC

LO & OBJECTIVES

LEARNING OUTCOMES

& OBJECTIVES

CLASSROOM

ASSESSMENT

TECHNIQUES

TECHNOLOGY

STUDENTS

STUDENT-CENTERED

LEARNING

INSTRUCTION

ASSESSMENT

OTHER

EXPERIENCES

OTHER

MEASURES

TESTS

LECTURES

LABS

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education

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slide36

THANK YOU

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zarida Hambali

Ministry of Higher Education