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  1. ARGUMENTS FOR MIGRATION ARGUMENTS FOR MIGRATION

  2. Great Migration Bellwork • What are three effects/impacts of the Great Migration? • Made more money, North became segregated, created more of a Black identity/Art, Created cities within cities

  3. Objective • WWBAT: Introduce the Harlem Renaissance and the development of Black Nationalism • WWBAT: Watch and discuss Blackish episode “The Word”

  4. Interactive Notebook Setup • 4/10/2018 • Harlem Renaissance Introduction • This will be one page

  5. Background Literature Jazz Visual Arts

  6. Background • Of the almost 750,000 African Americans who moved North, nearly 175,000 moved to Harlem. • Harlem is a section of Manhattan, which covers three square miles; therefore, Harlem became the largest concentration of black people in the world as a result of the Great Migration.

  7. Background • Started with literature • Works of talented black writers promoted through leading African American magazines, such as The Crisis and Opportunity • Common themes among these writers were racial pride, what it is to be black in America and resistance to prejudice • Used traditional stories, folk lore, language to help promote black identity

  8. Literature • Poet/Writer Langston Hughes was an early leader • Produced poems, plays, and novels focusing on black life and culture; believed that black writers should express their “individual dark-skinned selves without fear or shame.” • Works used African American slang and musical rhythms and expressed the joy, suffering, and pride of being a black American

  9. What does Hughes hope will happen based on his poem I, too, Sing America?

  10. Literature • Zora Neale Hurston • Major contributor to the new literary movement in Harlem • Hurston’s writing influenced by folklore, or traditional stories, sayings, and other art forms • 1935 of Mules and Men, a collection gathered during FL study • Hurston wrote plays, novels, and short stories; most famous novel, Their Eyes Were Watching God, about a young black woman in the early 1900s still feeling the legacy of slavery and discrimination • Other female writers emerged

  11. JAZZ • Late 1920s, Harlem was the hotspot for a new form of music called jazz • Jazz originated from New Orleans fusion of Creole, French, African, and slave music • Moved to Chicago approx. 1910 • Moved to NYC/Harlem approx 1919 • First called “jass” in music reviews • Created by and for Black Americans • Black art form that celebrated by White folks

  12. JAZZ • Let’s look into some examples of Harlem Renaissance Jazz • Billie Holiday-Strange Fruit • Chick Webb-Stompin’ at the Savoy • Duke Ellington- East St. Louis Toodle-Oo

  13. Billie Holiday

  14. Chick Webb

  15. Duke Ellington

  16. Visual Art • Black Artists • Black painters, sculptors, photographers, and filmmakers contributed to the creative energy in Harlem during the 1920s and 1930s • Artists united by a desire to create art that expressed the history and experiences of African Americans • Painter Aaron Douglas was among the leading artists of the Harlem Renaissance • Tended to focus on realistic portrayals of life and incorporated African images

  17. The Harlem Renaissance

  18. The Harlem Renaissance

  19. ANDRE RIANBOW

  20. RUBY POPS

  21. DIANE ZOE JUNIOR JACK

  22. Harlem Renaissance Bellwork • What event helped lead to the development of the Harlem Renaissance? • Great Migration • What art form first developed during the Harlem Renaissance? • Literature • What themes did the Harlem Renaissance focus on? • Black pride & challenges to racial prejudice

  23. “America” by Claude McKay, 1921 Although she feeds me bread of bitterness,And sinks into my throat her tiger’s tooth,Stealing my breath of life, I will confessI love this cultured hell that tests my youth.Her vigor flows like tides into my blood,Giving me strength erect against her hate,Her bigness sweeps my being like a flood.Yet, as a rebel fronts a king in state,I stand within her walls with not a shredOf terror, malice, not a word of jeer.Darkly I gaze into the days ahead,And see her might and granite wonders there,Beneath the touch of Time’s unerring hand,Like priceless treasures sinking in the sand.

  24. Claude McKay

  25. ASPIRATION BY AARON DOUGLAS

  26. https://dp.la/primary-source-sets/social-realism/sources/676