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Hacker Culture What is a hacker? A hacker is a person who: enjoys exploring the details of programmable systems programs enthusiastically Is an expert on a particular program enjoys the intellectual challenge of creatively overcoming limitations

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Presentation Transcript
what is a hacker
What is a hacker?
  • A hacker is a person who:
    • enjoys exploring the details of programmable systems
    • programs enthusiastically
    • Is an expert on a particular program
    • enjoys the intellectual challenge of creatively overcoming limitations
  • Hackers got their name from people who “hack at code” to get the computer to do what they want it too
what is not a hacker
What is not a hacker?
  • There is a common misconception that hackers are people who like to discover sensitive information by poking around
  • These people are called (CRiminal hACKER) or crackers
history of hacker culture
History of Hacker Culture
  • Formed in 1961 at MIT by students of Tech Model Railroad Company.
  • Tradition of elaborate pranks called “hacks”, became first to call themselves hackers.
  • In 1969 MIT AI Lab was connected with various others via ARPANET.
  • Ideas, slang, software, and jokes began to flow between them, and formed the beginnings of hacker culture.
history cont
History (cont.)
  • Example of culture flowing: In 1973 Jargon file created.
  • It contained a list of slang terms accumulated from all the different universities.
  • Early hackers eventually took over positions running ARPANET because no one else really wanted the job.
  • In the early 1980’s hacker culture started becoming more conscious, more cohesive, and better organized.
history cont6
History (cont.)
  • GNU project started in early 1980’s by Richard M. Stallman.
  • In 1985 Stallman published the GNU Manifesto.
  • Popularized the term “free software”.
  • Stallman also wrote the General Public License (GPL).
  • “Free software” became a focus of great controversy.
  • Linus Torvalds created Linux in 1991, an example of this free software.
hacker culture today
Hacker Culture Today
  • Big misconception that hackers are bad
  • More programs being created by hackers
  • Very little system crackers
  • More strict rules on hacking
  • The hacker community is bigger and more and more people of all ages and genders are joining