al Qaeda. a case study in ideological terrorism. BIG IDEA. al-Qaeda is the single greatest terrorist threat to the U.S. al-Qaeda covers the spectrum of types of terrorism Ideological State-sponsored Narco terrorism National liberation. BIG IDEA.
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a case study in ideological terrorism
jihad = "holy war"
Goals and Objectives of Jihad
9/11/01 - attacks on America result in war in Afghanistan to destroy al Qaeda’s bases and overthrow the Talibanal-Qaeda: Ideological Overview
STEPPED UP A NOTCH
1980s: Soviet invasion of Afghanistan
1988: OBL forms al-Q, looks for new jihads
1990: offers al-Q to defend Saudi Arabia from Saddam in Kuwait, rejected for U.S.
U.S. presence in S.A. = MUST FIGHT U.S.
al azma = the crisis
1991: OBL kicked out of S.A. - to Sudan
Feb. 1993: WTC bombed, 6 die, 1000+ injured
Oct. 1993: Black Hawk down in Somalia, trained by al-Q, 18 servicemen dead
May 1996: OBL forced to leave Sudan
Afghanistan - new base of operations
June 1996: U.S. military base
in S.A. bombed,
Feb. 1998: OBL issues “fatwa” - kill U.S.
Aug. 1998: embassy bombings in Kenya, Tanzania, 220+ people killed, U.S. retaliates
Oct. 2000: USS Cole attacked, killing 17
Sept. 2001: Worst Day Ever, R.I.P. 3000+
Tactics: assassination, bombing, hijacking, kidnapping, suicide attacks, etc.
Strategies: developing surrogates, alliances, seeking WMDs
Targets: prominent symbols of U.S. wealth and military dominance
“The undersigned, leaders of Islamic movements, are horrified by the events of 9/11 in the U.S., which resulted in massive killing, destruction & attack on innocent lives. We express our deepest sympathies & sorrow. We condemn, in the strongest terms, the incidents, which are against all human & Islamic norms. This is grounded in the Noble Laws of Islam, which forbid all forms of attacks on innocents. God Almighty says in the Holy Quran: ‘No bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another’ (Surah al-Isra 17:15).”
al-Qaeda: “America started the war…”
Post U.S. invasion of Iraq:
The U.S. response has recently come under question (CIA, Michael Scheuer) for supposed mistakes in the War on Terror.
More and more, invading Iraq seems to be
pouring gas on the flames.