slide1
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Emergency Responders are a Vital Part of U.S. Homeland Security, and Must be Protected

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 10

Emergency Responders are a Vital Part of U.S. Homeland Security, and Must be Protected - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 341 Views
  • Uploaded on

Protecting Emergency Responders Volume 3: Safety Management in Disaster and Terrorism Response Brian A. Jackson John C. Baker M. Susan Ridgely James T. Bartis Herbert I. Linn. Emergency Responders are a Vital Part of U.S. Homeland Security, and Must be Protected.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Emergency Responders are a Vital Part of U.S. Homeland Security, and Must be Protected' - liam


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1
Protecting Emergency RespondersVolume 3: Safety Management in Disaster and Terrorism ResponseBrian A. JacksonJohn C. BakerM. Susan RidgelyJames T. BartisHerbert I. Linn
emergency responders are a vital part of u s homeland security and must be protected
Emergency Responders are a Vital Part of U.S. Homeland Security, and Must be Protected
  • The United States faces a two-pronged threat of a major crisis
      • Natural disasters have always been a risk
      • The risk of terrorist violence has increased in the past five years
  • Emergency responders play a critical role in protecting the public in situations of this magnitude
  • When emergency responders are injured or killed, it impairs the nation’s ability to respond
  • National disasters almost always begin locally
      • A crisis can hit any community
      • Federal action can make local responders safer—and more effective
policy question
Policy Question

How do we bring together and employ all

the capabilities and resources needed

to protect responders during major disasters?

rand and niosh undertook a study to answer this question
RAND and NIOSH Undertook a Study to Answer this Question
  • Defined “responders” broadly for the purposes of the study
    • the full range of organizations involved in disaster response
  • Conducted a comprehensive review of the existing literature
  • Gathered extensive input from the responder community
    • interviews with leadership
    • in-depth studies of four major incidents
    • workshop with key representatives of the community
  • Subjected recommendations to rigorous quality review
slide5
Gather

Information

Take

Action

Analyze

Options

& Make

Decisions

Managing the Safety of Emergency Responders Involves Three Main Functions

  • Gather information on:
    • hazards
    • responders
    • safety capabilities
  • Analyze available data & make decisions about safety
  • Communicate safety information and implement decisions
during routine operations response agencies follow established safety practices
During “Routine” Operations, Response Agencies Follow Established Safety Practices
  • In “routine” operations, individual organizations are responsible for the safety of their own personnel
  • The hazards they face and the activities they perform are relatively familiar and predictable
  • They use established procedures—designed for these familiar situations—to carry out the three safety-management functions
but major disasters are far from routine
But Major Disasters are Far from Routine...
  • They impose unfamiliar conditions
    • cover large geographic areas
    • last for extended periods of time
    • involve unusual or intense hazards
    • damage or destroy needed infrastructures
  • They exceed the capability of any individual response organization
    • require capabilities that individual organizations do not normally maintain
    • involve many different types of response organizations

As a result, responders face greater risks.

Photos: Andrea Booher, FEMA; FEMA News Photo

disaster situations can break down the safety management cycle at every stage
Gather

Information

Take

Action

Analyze

Options

& Make

Decisions

Disaster Situations Can Break Down the Safety Management Cycle at Every Stage

Unfamiliar & extreme conditions make it hard to collect data on hazards & responders

Scale of the event & involvement of multiple organizations impede efforts to implement safety decisions

Lack of needed expertise & resources creates problems assessing safety threats

the report by rand niosh focuses on two key strategies to address management shortfalls
The Report by RAND & NIOSH Focuses on Two Key Strategies to Address Management Shortfalls
  • Establish the capabilities to perform the safety-management functions under disaster conditions
  • Approach safety management from an integrated perspective
    • protects the safety of all responders
    • makes the specialized safety resources of different organizations available to all
    • provides ways of addressing safety issues that are inherently interagency
study identified a range of recommendations to improve safety management
Gather

Information

Take

Action

Analyze

Options

& Make

Decisions

Study Identified a Range of Recommendations to Improve Safety Management
  • Preparedness for:
    • Hazard monitoring, workforce data management, and injury reporting
    • Risk assessment and management
    • Safety equipment planning and logistics
    • Risk communication, safety enforcement, medical interventions, and resource management
  • The safety capabilities of all responding organizations must be integrated effectively
    • NIMS/NRP adopts this perspective, but implementation is still an issue.
ad