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Ali Raza 2008-ag-2521 Agronomy 7 th Semester - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Ali Raza 2008-ag-2521 Agronomy 7 th Semester. P roduction of Pulses In Pakistan. Introduction.

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Ali Raza



7th Semester

Production of Pulses In




Pulses are the most important source of vegetable protein in Pakistan. They are cultivated on 5% of the total cropped area. Their use ranges from baby food to delicacies of the rich and the poor.

“hence they are quite rightly called poor man’s meet”

Due to the population growth, demand for pulses is increasing day by day. There is a need to develop varieties with higher yield potential that respond to improved management practices so as to meet the increasing demand of pulses.

Major pulse crops in pakistan

Major Pulse Crops in Pakistan

Rabi Pulses:

Chickpea (cicer arietinmm)

khesari (lath vs sativus)

Lentil (lens culimlaris)

Kharif pulses:

Moong ( Vigna radiata)

Mash (Vigna Mungo)

Arhar (Cajanus cajan)

Rabi Pulses

1 2 3

Kharif pulses

1 2 3

Minor pulse crops in pakistan

Minor Pulse Crops in Pakistan

Cowpea (vigna unguiculata)

Moth bean (vigna aconitifolia)

Common beans (phaseolus vulgaris)

Faba bean (vicia faba )

Area production in pakistan

Area & Production in Pakistan

The total area under major pulse crops in Pakistan is 1,298,000 hectares . the Punjab region accounts for about 84 percent of Pakistan's total pulse production, the Sindh region 8 percent, Baluchistan 5 percent, and KPK 3 percent.

Production constraints

Production Constraints

Production of pulses is affected by many biotic and abiotic stresses which hamper the realization of actual yield potential



Diseases (A. blight, wilt)




Diseases (Blight, rust, root rot-wilt complex)


Cold, Drought (High lands)

Drought (Low lands)

Mungbean and Mash

Diseases (MUMV, CLS, BLS, charcoal rot)

Insect pest (Hairy caterpillar, white fly, thrips, tobacco caterpillar)


Reasons for crisis

Reasons for crisis

Adverse weather

Impact of flood

Population pressure

Decline in cultivated area (lentil, mash)

Regular exports of lentil and mash beside their shortage

Import/export dilemma

Lack of coordination between M/O Agriculture and Commerce

Undue export of chickpea and mung

Current situation

Current Situation

Sufficiency in two major pulse crops i.e. chickpea and mungbean primarily due to improved varieties.

Lag behind in lentil and mash production mainly due to displacement of these crops from traditional growing areas with drastic reduction in cultivated area.



Establishment of improved seed and its dissemination systems.

Encouragement of private sector in seed production business.

Implementation of price intervention for major pulse crop and procurement of produce by the Government.

Timely availability of quality inputs especially pesticides.

Increase the area under pulses & Maintain the plant population.