power point for life Caroline Watts
1.place a cloth towel on your shoulder 2. Place the baby against your chest with its head resting on your shoulder 3.Gently pat the baby’s back until he or she burbs Sometimes burping takes a few minutes!
breastfeeding Benefits mother and child Always available Safe Perfect amount of food Tips for breastfeeding: watch for signs of hunger, breast feed from both breasts equally, feed for 20 minutes then burb and continue of the baby is still hungry. Don’t let the baby to have a pacifier too soon.
Diaper your baby! choose disposable diapers for easy use and disposal Choose cloth diapers for a cleaner and cheaper alternative.
Steps to change a diaper 1. Open up a new clean diaper and place the back half (the half with tabs on either side) under your baby. The top of the back half should come up to your baby's waist. Now the clean diaper is ready to go – and is there to protect your changing table from getting dirty. (If your baby's dirty diaper is a big mess, you might want to lay a cloth, towel, or disposable pad under your baby instead of the clean diaper while you clean up your baby.) 2. Unfasten the tabs on the dirty diaper. To prevent them from sticking to your baby, fold them over. 3. Pull down the front half of the dirty diaper. If your baby is a boy, you might want to cover his penis with a clean cloth or another diaper so he doesn't pee on either of you. 4. If there's poop in the diaper, use the front half of the diaper to wipe the bulk of it off your baby's bottom. 5. Fold the dirty diaper in half under your baby, clean side up. (This provides a layer of protection between the clean diaper and your baby's unclean bottom.) To do this, you'll need to lift your baby's bottom off the table by grasping both ankles with one hand and gently lifting upward.
Steps to change a diaper (con’t) 6. Clean your baby's front with a damp baby wipe, cloth, or gauze. If your baby's a girl, wipe from front to back (toward her bottom). This helps keep bacteria from causing an infection. 7. If your baby pooped, grab another wipe and clean her bottom. You can either lift her legs or roll her gently to one side then the other. Be sure to clean in the creases of your baby's thighs and buttocks, too. 8. Let your baby's skin air dry for a few moments or pat it dry with a clean cloth. To help treat or prevent diaper rash, you may want to apply rash cream or petroleum jelly. (The best defense against diaper rash is a dry bottom, achieved through regular diaper checks and changes.) 9. Remove the dirty diaper and set it aside. If you followed step one, the clean one should be underneath your baby, ready to go. 10. Pull the front half of the clean diaper up to your baby's tummy. For a boy, be sure to point the penis down so he's less likely to pee over the top of the diaper.
Rooting This reflex allows a baby to turn their head towards anything that brushes their faces. It helps the child search for something to suck on and usually disappears by 3 or4 months of age.
Moro reflex It occurs when a baby is startled by a sudden movement or noise. The baby will react by flinging the arms or legs outward and extending the head. This reflex peaks at the first month and disappears by the 6th month.
Palmer Grasp reflex When you touch the baby’s palm, the hand will grip tightly, this can also be seen if you place a rattle or another object across the palm. This reflex will usually disappear completely in the first year.
Babinski reflex This reflex is present in all babies who are born full term. If you stroke the sole of the foot on the outside from the heel to the toe, the toes will fan out and curl and the foot will twist in. This reflex usually lasts for the first year after birth.
Stepping reflex When an infant is held so that the feet are flat on a surface, the infant will lift one foot after another in a stepping motion. This reflex usually disappears after two or three months
Failure to thrive This means poor physical health and can mean insufficient weight gain or inappropriate weight loss.
SIDS Or sudden infant death syndrome When a child under the age of one dies but upon autopsy results, there is no known cause for death. Almost all SIDS deaths occur without warning or signs
Gross motor development This is a baby bouncer. When you put the baby in this chair, they get a chance to bounce up and down, which will develop their leg muscles and stimulate the baby's mind!
Fine motor skills Baby blocks give the chance to stack objects and hold them in their hands. By looking at the letters on the blocks they get a chance to get familiar to the alphabet as well as their primary colors.
Self awareness When you put a mirror in the back seat of a car, the baby sees their reflection and realizes that whatever they do is reflected in the mirror.
Anatomy of a brain The brain is one of the largest and most complex organs in the human body. It is made up of 100 billion+ nerves that all communicate to make connections in the body.
Frontal lobe Loca5ed at the front of the cerebral hemisphere. This part of the brain is associated with reward, attention, short term memory tasks, planning and motivation.
Parietal lobe Positioned above the occipital lobe and behind the frontal lobe. This part of the brain plays a key role in knowledge of numbers and their relations and the manipulation of objects.
It is located under the Sylvain fissure and in both cerebral hemispheres this part of the brain is involved in visual processing like faces and scenes as well as object perception and recognition
Occipital lobe It is located in the very back of the brain. The occipital lobe is responsible for visual processing, color discrimination and motion perception.
Left brain The left brain is said to be better at tasks that involve: Objective thinking Critical thinking Numbers reasoning logic
Right brain This part of the brain is better at expressive and creative tasks Expressing emotions Music Reading emotions Imagination Color Creativity
Jean PiagetAugust 9th 1896-september 16th 1980 He was a Swiss developmental philosopher that studies the developmental habits. He said that children go through 4 stages of development, and that a child can’t go through one stage without first completing the others. He figured out how to analyze a child’s thoughts in a very effective way, he inspired an American and European education transformation. His theory can be used in an early childhood classroom
Assess the needs of the patient Prepare patients for procedures Administer drugs and injections Explain treatment in a child-friendly way Pediatric nurses care for and support their young patients and work alongside their families to create a comfortable place to get the treatment they need
the average salary for a pediatric nurse is $45,000 dollars per year in the U.S.