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Parliamentarians and Mainstreaming Energy Access. Gregory Woodsworth Energy Policy Advisor United Nations Development Programme. EAC energy access strategy. 84% of households use biomass 3% rural, 32% urban connected to grid Bonn Conference, GFSE, E4D

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parliamentarians and mainstreaming energy access

Parliamentarians and Mainstreaming Energy Access

Gregory Woodsworth

Energy Policy Advisor

United Nations Development Programme

eac energy access strategy
EAC energy access strategy
  • 84% of households use biomass
  • 3% rural, 32% urban connected to grid
  • Bonn Conference, GFSE, E4D
  • Ministers: Move beyond Business as Usual
  • Commitment to meet the MDGs
  • MDG framework: domestic fuels, electricity where cost effective, motive power
  • Energy Access = Electrification from national grid









Electricity, grid,









keeping warm/cold


potable water

health care


consumer goods

Architecture of the Energy System

coal oil natural gas sunlight wind biomass

Coal mining, tree felling, oil/gas recovery etc

Coal/gas fired power plant, photovoltaic panels wind turbines, biogas digester


charcoal biofuels


light bulb, automobile, refrigerator, gas stove, arc welder, water pump

energy access strategy profile
Energy Access Strategy Profile
  • will provide improved energy access for about 50% (48 million people) of the region’s population.
  • Energy access targets can be met with an approach that has high impact, low cost and is scaleable by 2015
  • Development of priority MDG-based energy access investment programmes
  • EAC - regional coordinating institution
mdg based energy targets for 2015
MDG-based Energy targets for 2015

Target 1: Enable the use of modern fuels for 50% of those who at present use traditional biomass for cooking - improved cookstoves, reduce indoor air pollution, increase sustainable biomass production.

Target 2: Access to electricity for all urban and peri-urban poor.

Target 3: Access to modern energy services such as lighting, refrigeration, information and communication technology, and water treatment and supply forall schools, clinics, hospitals and community centres.

Target 4: Access to mechanical power within the community for all communities for heating and productive uses.

overall investment plan

Uses of funds

Sources of funds

Overall Investment Plan




Soft costs









Baseline subsidy









Capital Expenditure


Loan Guarantees

Conces-sional Finance

National Budget and Donor Grants

End User

Willingness to Pay

mainstreaming energy access
Mainstreaming Energy Access
  • Investments will not happen without prioritization of energy access
  • Mainstreaming energy access at present:
    • Political commitment; approval by EAC Council of Ministers and Heads of State (top down)
    • Technical response; multi-sectoral working groups (bottom up)
working hypothesis
Working Hypothesis

Aligning political commitment, public policy and public expenditure.

Strategies that provide:

  • regional and national quantifiable and time-bound energy access targets,
  • programme implementation frameworks,
  • investment plans, and
  • Backed by political commitment,

present Parlimentarians the means to influence the policy framework (PRSP) and budgetary allocations (MTEF)


  • finance/budget committees and
  • sector committees
  • Special cases: Constituency Development Funds
more questions than answers
More Questions than Answers
  • Role of parliament in influencing energy access policy framework and budgetary allocations?
  • What can parliamentarians do with a regional strategy vs. energy access legislation?
  • Relationship between regional and national assemblies?
  • What are the most effective interventions?
    • Awareness raising?
    • Capacity building?
    • Model legislation?
    • Technical support?