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Inventing Hispanic-Serving Institutions (HSIs): The Basics. American Youth Policy Forum (AYPF) March 2006. Deborah A. Santiago, PhD. Outline. Why look at Latinos in higher education? Why look at HSIs? Definition History General characteristics Future and related work.

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Inventing hispanic serving institutions hsis the basics l.jpg

Inventing Hispanic-Serving Institutions (HSIs):The Basics

American Youth Policy Forum (AYPF)

March 2006

Deborah A. Santiago, PhD


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Outline

  • Why look at Latinos in higher education?

  • Why look at HSIs?

  • Definition

  • History

  • General characteristics

  • Future and related work


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Why look at Latinos in higher education?

  • …our future workforce

  • 2nd largest racial/ethnic group… and growing

  • Youngest racial/ethnic group

  • Most undereducated


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Why look at HSIs?

  • Enroll over 50% of all Latino undergraduates

    • HSIs as classification

    • HSIs as funding vehicle

    • HSIs as political construct


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HSIs are defined by their Hispanic student enrollment—not their institutional mission—in federal law:accredited and degree-granting public or private nonprofit institutions of higher education with at least 25 percent or more total undergraduate Hispanic full-time equivalent student enrollment.(summary of Title V of the Higher Education Act, as amended in 1998).

Defining

Hispanic-Serving Institutions (HSIs)


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Multiple HSI Lists… Multiple Uses their institutional mission—in federal law:

  • Office of Civil Rights (OCR) list

    • Includes for-profit institutions

  • Developing HSIs Program (Title V) list

    • Uses additional criteria and only includes grantees

  • Hispanic Association of Colleges and Universities (HACU) list

    • Includes members and more general definition

  • List for this brief


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Minority-Serving Institutions (MSIs) their institutional mission—in federal law:

  • Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs)

  • Tribal Colleges and Universities (TCUs)

  • Hispanic-Serving Institutions (HSIs)


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Recognition of HSIs - History their institutional mission—in federal law:

  • Institutional

  • Community

  • State

  • Federal


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Characteristics of HSIs their institutional mission—in federal law:


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Quick Facts on HSIs their institutional mission—in federal law:

In 2003-04,

  • 236 institutions met the basic definition of HSIs in federal law;

  • HSIs represented 6% of all degree-granting institutions;

  • Enrolled 52% of Latino undergraduates

  • Awarded over 40% of associate or bachelor’s degrees to Latinos in the U.S.


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HSIs are growing in number their institutional mission—in federal law:


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HSIs are concentrated their institutional mission—in federal law:

Over 75% of HSIs are in 4 locations:

  • California (68)

  • Puerto Rico (52)

  • Texas (37)

  • New Mexico (23

    Latino population has similar concentrations


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A majority of HSIs are 2-year institutions their institutional mission—in federal law:

  • Public 2-year: 46%

  • Private 2-year: 8%

  • Public 4-year or more: 20%

  • Private 4-year or more: 26%


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HSIs are accessible their institutional mission—in federal law:

  • Of all HSIs, 60% (140) had an open admissions policy

    • Admits anyone who applies

  • Nationally, only 44% of degree-granting institutions had an open admissions policy


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HSIs are affordable their institutional mission—in federal law:


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To be an HSI is to be at the forefront of change in higher education because of the change in demographics. We have an opportunity to be trend-setters where we have not historically been seen as an institution.

-Diana Natalicio, University of Texas at El Paso


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Upcoming Briefs in HSI Series education because of the change in demographics. We have an opportunity to be trend-setters where we have not historically been seen as an institution.

  • Choosing HSIs: Examining Latino Students’ Choices

    • Latino students and factors influencing their choices

  • Modeling HSIs: Campus Practices that Work for Latino Students.

    • Hispanic Serving vs. Hispanic Enrolling and what’s replicable


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Related Projects by education because of the change in demographics. We have an opportunity to be trend-setters where we have not historically been seen as an institution.Excelencia

  • Latino Student Success Network (US Department of Education)

  • A Closer Look at Latino College Student Choices(Ford Foundation)

  • Latino Student Success: Case Studies in Institutional Leadership(Lumina Foundation for Education)


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For more information please visit: education because of the change in demographics. We have an opportunity to be trend-setters where we have not historically been seen as an institution.

www.EdExcelencia.org


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For more information please visit: education because of the change in demographics. We have an opportunity to be trend-setters where we have not historically been seen as an institution.

www.EdExcelencia.org


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