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Safety and First Aid. Injury Prevention at Home and at School. Accidents at Home Falls, Fires, Electrical shock, poisoning Safety in Class Violence at School Violence- Using force to hurt someone or to cause damage Gun Safety Avoid guns, lock them up, hunting

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injury prevention at home and at school
Injury Prevention at Home and at School
  • Accidents at Home
    • Falls, Fires, Electrical shock, poisoning
  • Safety in Class
  • Violence at School
    • Violence- Using force to hurt someone or to cause damage
  • Gun Safety
    • Avoid guns, lock them up, hunting
  • Seven ways to protect yourself
    • Think before you act, pay attention, know your limits, practice refusal skills, use safety equipment, change risky behavior, change risky situations
fire safety
Fire safety
  • Fire prevention and detection
    • Smoke detector- an alarm that detects smoke from a fire
      • Check batteries
      • Check to see if working
  • How to put out small fires
    • Fire extinguisher- a device that releases chemials to put out a fire
      • 3 different types
safety on the road
Safety on the Road
  • Safety while walking
    • Use sidewalks
    • Walk facing traffic
    • Use crosswalks
    • Look both ways
    • Make sure driver can se you
    • Avoid walking at night
    • No headphones
  • Safety on wheel
    • Wear safety equipment
    • Pay attention to traffic
    • Follow the rules of road
    • Wear proper attire
    • Ride in designated areas
    • Ride with a friend
    • Avoid night riding
  • Vehicle safety
  • Bus safety
safety outdoors
Safety Outdoors
  • Safety on a cold day
    • Hypothermia- a below normal body temperature
    • Frostbite- is damage to skin and other tissues that is caused by extreme cold
  • Safety on a hot day
    • Heat exhaustion- a condition caused by too much water loss through sweating on a hot day
    • Heatstroke- is an injury that happens when the body cannot control its temperature.
  • Playing safe
    • Drink water, use sunscreen, watch weather
natural disasters
Natural disasters
  • Earthquakes
    • A shaking of the earth’s surface caused by movement along a break in the Earth’s crust
    • Natural disasters- natural events that widespread injury, death, and property damage.
  • Tornadoes and hurricanes
    • Tornado- a spinning column of air that has a high wind speed and touches the ground.
    • Hurricane- a large spinning tropical weather system with wind speeds of at least 74mph
    • Flood- is an overflowing of water into areas that are normally dry
    • Flash flood- a flood with no warning
      • Be prepared!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
deciding to give first aid
Deciding to Give First Aid
  • Emergency- a sudden event that demands immediate action
  • Handling an Emergency
    • Check the situation
    • Call for help
    • Care for victim
      • First aid- emergency medical care for someone who has been hurt or who is sick.
making an emergency phone call
Making an emergency phone call
  • Dial 9-1-1
  • The three pieces of information that you will need to know:
    • Your name and location
    • The type of emergency
    • The condition of anyone who is hurt
    • What you’ve done to help the victim
      • Stay calm
      • Don’t hang up first
abdominal thrust and rescue b reathing
Abdominal Thrust and Rescue Breathing
  • Abdominal Thrusts- actions that apply pressure to a choking person’s stomach to force an object out of his or her throat
  • First Aid for choking infants(pg 394)
  • First Aid for choking adults(pg 395)
  • Rescue Breathing for adults
    • Rescue breathing- an emergency technique in which a rescuer gives air to someone who is not breathing
    • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation(CPR)- an emergency technique used to save a victim who isn’t breathing and who doesn’t have a heart beat.
  • Rescue breathing for small children
first aid for injuries
First Aid for Injuries
  • Bleeding
  • Burns
    • Severity determines first aid
  • Poisoning
  • Fractures-broken or cracked bone
  • Dislocations- when a bone is forced out of its normal position
  • Head, Neck, and Back Injuries