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Coalition in Criminal Justice. Adolescent and police interactions in London Jeffrey DeMarco , PhD Candidate, Centre for Criminology and Sociology. Aims and Objectives. Ethnographic Power and hierarchies Interpretive Antagonism versus improvements Generalizability and transferability

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coalition in criminal justice

Coalition in Criminal Justice

Adolescent and police interactions in London

Jeffrey DeMarco, PhD Candidate, Centre for Criminology and Sociology

aims and objectives
Aims and Objectives
  • Ethnographic
    • Power and hierarchies
  • Interpretive
    • Antagonism versus improvements
    • Generalizability and transferability
  • Quantitative
    • Trust in the police
    • Behavioural intentions
background
Background
  • Volunteer organization for adolescents aged 14-19
  • Training for leadership and inclusion roles within community
  • Instil discipline, knowledge and philanthropy
  • Develop team-work, healthy competition and co-operation
  • Interactions with police and other community leaders
background characteristics
Background characteristics
  • Over 200 young men and women
  • 58% were male
    • average age of 15.7 years
    • 1/3 were of BME background
  • 49 % single parent homes
    • 49 % had parental unemployment in the household
  • Over 1/5 claimed that they had poor parental relationships
    • conflict in the house, lack of praise, unawareness of behaviour and activities
  • 20% frequently were truant whilst 23% had been excluded from formal education
engagement through observation
Engagement through observation
  • Power as a tool for good
    • Youth-facilitators
    • Peer leader-youth
    • Youth-youth
  • Foucauldian
    • Discipline
    • Structure
  • Therapeutic alliance (Brodin, 1975)
    • Bonds
    • Tasks
    • Goals
trust in the police
Trust in the police
  • Improper policing
  • Faith/belief
  • Troubled relations
  • Negative perceptions
  • Improvement
  • External antagonists
trust in authority questionnaire taq
Trust in Authority Questionnaire (TAQ)
  • 15-item measure Three sub-scales:
    • TAQ General
    • TAQ Authority
    • TAQ police
  • Reliability
    • Internal consistency α = 0.81
    • Inter-raterα = 0.90
  • Validity
  • Mass administration to come
    • MPA
    • Europol?
    • Interpol?
associations
Associations
  • Quality of contact
    • TAQ Police r = -0.28**
    • TAQ Overall r = -0.24**
  • Police attitudes
    • TAQ Police r = -0.43**
    • TAQ Overall r = -0.43**
  • Psychopathology
    • Conduct Disorder r = 0.36**
    • Overall r = 0.30**
predictive trust model
Predictive trust model

Attitudes

β = -.17

Trust in the police

r² = 0.474

Conduct Disorder

β = .29

Quality

β = -.42

implications
Implications
  • Baseline and follow-up for community programs
  • Comparison group outside of police
    • Dissertation contains qualitative output from other focus groups
  • Funding/Expansion of community engagement programs
    • Navy cadets, Project Trident
  • Intergroup contact
    • Optimal conditions to ameliorate the aforementioned issued
  • Vicarious trust—proxy police
conclusions and steps forward
Conclusions and steps forward
  • Difficult relationship
  • Installation of authority
  • Promising positive interactions
  • Possibility of using other professionals
    • Expansion of cadets?
thank you
Thank you!

Questions?

Comments?

Queries?

Jeffrey.demarco.2009@live.rhul.ac.uk

J.demarco@mdx.ac.uk