10 th American History. Unit II- Becoming a World Power Chapter 7 Section 3 Roosevelt and Latin America. The United States and Latin America. The Big Idea The United States expanded its role in Latin America in the early 1900s. Main Ideas
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Unit II- Becoming a World Power
Chapter 7 Section 3
Roosevelt and Latin America
To build a narrow canal across the narrow neck of Central America
U.S. sends wawrships to
Panama to protect U.S. lives
Helps Panama with the
Revolution and Independence.
Panama now makes a deal with the U.S. for a 10 mile wide strip of land. $10 million and $250,000 lease per year.
Harsh working conditions, engineering and logistical problems, malaria, and yellow fever hampered construction.
Columbia owned Panama
Columbia had made a deal with
the French to build the canal.
U.S. offered Columbia $10
Million, but they want $30 million
Revolution for Independence in
Panama, aided by U.S.
warships- who would not let
Columbian ships land
Failed attempt- 1878 – Paid
Columbia for the rights.
Builder of Suez Canal in charge
Money problems, disease, and
1898- sold their rights and
equipment to the U.S. for
Began in 1904
Expenses for the U.S.- $352
Million Total- 51 mile, locks.
34 years to build
Opened 1914- Treaty ratified 1921
80,000 workers and 30,000 deaths
Yellow Fever- Dr. Gorgas and the
Columbia- $26 million
Transportation Cost lower- 60%
All-water route is shorter.
Military Reasons- Navy needs to
be able to move from Atlantic to
Pacific Ocean for defense.
Across Panama was the shortest route.
American Foreign policy under
Addition to Monroe Doctrine.
U.S. has the right to intervene
In Latin American affairs.
International police force.
“Speak Softly and carry a big
Great White Fleet.
Building the Canal
Building the Canal
The Panama Canal allowed the United States to become more involved in Latin America.
American military power grew stronger and allowed the United States to enforce the Monroe Doctrine.
President Roosevelt created a policy called the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine to force debtor nations to repay loans to Europe—the United States would intervene in any “wrongdoing” by Latin American countries.
The United States became the “international police power” in the Western Hemisphere.
“Big Stick” Policy of TR.
Addition to Monroe Doctrine
United States would intervene as a last resort to keep other powers out and ensure financial stability
United States increasingly used military force to restore internal stability to nations in the region
United States might "exercise international police power
It did serve as justification for U.S. intervention in Cuba, Nicaragua, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic
United States will not become involved in European affairs.