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Compact city policies: a comparative assessment applying a new definition of “urban”. TADASHI MATSUMOTO Organisation for Economic Corporation and Development (OECD) Presentation at the RSA European Conference 2012 May 15, 2012, Delft, the Netherlands.
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Organisation for Economic Corporation and Development (OECD)
Presentation at the RSA European Conference 2012
May 15, 2012, Delft, the Netherlands
3 billion and counting of the world’s population live in some form of urban area. But around the world we don’t have the same definitions or understandings of what these urban areas are.
Old measurement method:
3 Large metropolitan regions
New measurement method:
45 Functional urban areas of different size
Percentage of urban population by city size (2008)
48% of the OECD population live in the 264 urban areas with a population of at least 500 000 (metro area) and these areas account for 53% of OECD GDP
Percentage of population and GDP in metro areas (2008)
Population growth 2000-2006 by city type and core/hinterland (average yearly growth rates)
moderate population growth and high GDP per capita growth
high population and GDP per capita growth
high population growth and moderate GDP per capita growth
moderate population and GDP per capita growth
Population and GDP per capita growth in the 61 fastest -growing metro areas (with GDP growth 25% higher than the country average GDP growth)
Not at a city scale, but the metropolitan scale:
Average household size
Percentage of one-person households
Distance to the nearest medical facilities
Athens (3.4 million)
Atlanta (4.6 million)
for selected metropolitan areas in Canada, 1996-2006
Source: OECD compact city survey
OECD (2012), Redefining urban: a new way to measure metropolitan areas, OECD Publishing.
OECD (2012), Compact City Policies: A Comparative Assessment, OECD Green Growth Studies, OECD Publishing.
For more information on OECD work on regional and metropolitan statistics, visit: www.oecd.org/gov/regional/statisticsindicators
For more information on OECD work on urban development, visit: www.oecd.org/gov/urbandevelopment