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Experience and retrieval mode as potential modulating factors in gender differences in distance knowledge of a daily environment. Maartje de Goede | Albert Postma Conference on Research and Training in Spatial Intelligence Evanston, 14 June 2008.

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Experience and retrieval mode as potentialmodulating factors in gender differences in distanceknowledge of a daily environment.

Maartje de Goede |Albert Postma

Conference on Research and Training in Spatial Intelligence

Evanston, 14 June 2008

gender differences in configurational knowledge
GENDER DIFFERENCES IN CONFIGURATIONAL KNOWLEDGE
  • In most cases males outperform females
  • (+/- 50 %)
  • But: in considerable number of studies males and females perform the same (+/- 41 %)
  • (Colluccia & Louse, 2004)
possible modulating factors
POSSIBLE MODULATING FACTORS?
  • Amount of familiarity, experience(Colluccia & Louse, 2004; Fields & Shelton, 2006)
  • Self-Confidence
  • (Lawton, 1996; Schmitz, 1997; Moe & Pazzaglia, 2006)
  • Difficulty
  • (Colluccia & Louse, 2004)
aim study
AIM STUDY
  • Investigating the modulating effect of experience on gender differences in distance knowledge
  • Investigating the effect of task type:
    • Implicit distance task
    • Explicit distance task
participants
PARTICIPANTS
  • 81 participants (42 females)
    • Half of the participants had lived between 6 – 12 months in Utrecht
    • Half of the participants had lived more than 36 months in Utrecht

METHODS

methods materials
METHODS & MATERIALS
  • City of Utrecht, 12 locations
  • Location recognition task
  • Priming task (McNamara, 1986; Noordzij et al., 2005)
  • Distance task
methods materials8
METHODS & MATERIALS
  • City of Utrecht, 12 locations
  • Location recognition task
  • Priming task (McNamara, 1986; Noordzij et al., 2005)
  • Distance task
distance comparison task evans pezdek 1980
DISTANCE COMPARISON TASK(Evans & Pezdek, 1980)

Dom - bibliotheek

Hema - Broers

4 sec

1 sec

INTRODUCTION

self rating knowledge location positions

*

SELF-RATING KNOWLEDGE LOCATION POSITIONS

*

effect experience: F (1, 77) = 58.2, p < .001

effect experience: F (1, 77) = 58.2, p < .001

priming task

*

*

*

PRIMING TASK

Distance : F (1, 77) = 35.04, p < .001

Experience: F (1, 77) = 7.4, p < .01

distance task
DISTANCE TASK

*

*

Interaction effect: Pair type x Experience x Sex: F (1, 73) = 4.87, p < .05

conclusion discussion
CONCLUSION & DISCUSSION
  • Subjective rating of location knowledge shows effect of experience.
  • Effect of gender and experience in ‘difficult’ distance task > related to strategy?
  • No effect gender/experience in implicit distance task.
strategy
STRATEGY

Χ² (1, N = 50) = 8.0, p < .01

Χ² (1, N = 52) = 8.3, p < .01

conclusion discussion16
CONCLUSION & DISCUSSION
  • Subjective rating of location knowledge shows effect of experience.
  • Effect of gender and experience in ‘difficult’ distance task > related to strategy?
  • No effect gender/experience in implicit distance task.
conclusion discussion18
CONCLUSION & DISCUSSION
  • Subjective rating of location knowledge shows effect of experience.
  • Effect of gender and experience in ‘difficult’ distance task > related to strategy?
  • No effect gender/experience in implicit distance task.