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Chapter 9.3,4 Review. 1. A written document explaining the position of one side or the other in a case: a. challenge b. brief c. docket d. dissenting opinion. 1. b. brief. 2. To object to a decision or outcome: a. challenge b. brief c. docket

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slide2
1

A written document explaining the position of one side or the other in a case:

a. challenge

b. brief

c. docket

d. dissenting opinion

slide3
1

b. brief

slide4
2

To object to a decision or outcome:

a. challenge

b. brief

c. docket

d. dissenting opinion

slide5
2

a. challenge

slide6
3

A judge’s or court’s workload of cases in a period of time:

a. judicial review

b. caseload

c. brief

d. nullify

slide7
3

b. caseload

slide8
4

A statement written by a justice who disagrees with the majority opinion, presenting his or her own opinion:

a. concurring opinion

b. unanimous opinion

c. writ of centiorari

d. dissenting opinion

slide9
4

d. dissenting opinion

slide10
5

The power of the Supreme Court to say whether any federal, state, or local law or government action goes against the Constitution:

a. judicial review

b. challenge

c. nullify

d. caseload

slide11
5

a. judicial review

slide12
6

A court’s calendar, showing the schedule of cases it is to hear:

a. writ of centiorari

b. caseload

c. brief

d. docket

slide13
6

d. docket

slide14
7

The practice of using earlier judicial rulings as a basis for deciding cases:

a. writ of centiorari

b. judicial review

c. stare decisis

d. constitutional

slide15
7

c. stare decisis

slide16
8

Which word or phrase means “in accordance with the constitution”?

a. nullify

b. concurring opinion

c. constitutional

d. judicial review

slide17
8

c. constitutional

slide18
9

To cancel legally

a. nullify

b. writ of centiorari

c. challenge

d. stare decisis

slide19
9

a. nullify

slide20
10

A Supreme Court ruling on a case in which all justices agree on a ruling:

a. concurring opinion

b. unanimous opinion

c. dissenting opinion

d. constitutional

slide21
10

b. unanimous opinion

slide22
11

An order a higher court issues to a lower court to obtain the records of the lower court in a particular case:

a. nullify

b. judicial review

c. writ of centiorari

d. stare decisis

slide23
11

c. writ of centiorari

slide24
12

A statement written by a justice who votes with the majority, but for different reasons than the others:

a. dissenting opinion

b. writ of centiorari

c. unanimous opinion

d. concurring opinion

slide25
12

d. concurring opinion

slide26
13

The Supreme Court’s main job is to:

a. oversee the day-to-day operation of all

federal courts

b. decide whether laws are consistent with the U.S. Constitution

c. Examine sentences imposed on people who commit felonies

d. Enforce the laws created by Congress

slide27
13

b. decide whether laws are

consistent with the U.S.

Constitution

slide28
14

The Supreme Court has original jurisdiction in cases where _______ .

a. there is a constitutional

challenge

b. a regulatory agency is involved

c. there is a challenge to a law

d. there is a dispute between 2 states

slide29
14

d. there is a dispute between

two states

slide30
15

The Supreme Court must hear all cases if receives.

True False

slide31
15

False

slide32
16

How many justices serve on the Supreme Court?

a. eight

b. nine

c. ten

d. twelve

slide33
16

b. nine

slide34
17

The number of justices on the Supreme Court may be changed by

a. Congress

b. the president

c. popular vote

d. the Chief Justice

slide35
17

a. Congress

slide36
18

The Constitution requires that Supreme Court justices have legal

training.

True False

slide37
18

False

slide38
19

If the Supreme Court finds that a state law is unconstitutional, it may

a. change the law

b. enact a new law

c. enforce the law

d. nullify the law

slide39
19

d. nullify the law

slide40
20

In Marbury v. Madison, the Supreme Court established that it had the power to review laws for constitutionality.

True False

slide41
20

True

slide42
21

The Supreme Court depends on _____________ to enforce its decisions.

a. the executive branch and

state and local officials

b. the system of checks and balances

c. The U.S. armed forces

d. The U.S. Congress

slide43
21

a. the executive branch and

state and local officials

slide44
22

When Congress passed the Fourteenth Amendment, it was __________ the Supreme Court’s decision in Dred

Scott v. Sanford.

a. upholding c. ignoring

c. overturning d. appealing

slide45
22

c. overturning

slide46
23

The Supreme Court has original jurisdiction in cases involving ______.

a. whether laws are constitutional

b. disputes between states and foreign diplomats

c. civil disputes and criminal charges

d. congressional and state regulations

slide47
23

b. disputes between states and foreign diplomats

slide48
24

The Supreme Court has no resources to enforce its rulings or make governments do what it orders.

True False

slide49
24

True

slide50
25

Most cases come to the Supreme Court

a. on appeal from private citizens

b. on appeal from lower courts

c. on the recommendation of Congress

d. before any other court hears them

slide51
25

b. on appeal from lower courts

slide52
26

The Supreme Court hears about 10,000 cases each term.

True False

slide53
26

False

slide54
27

How many justices must be present to decide a case?

a. a majority

b. eight

c. six

d. five

slide55
27

c. six

slide56
28

When ruling on an issue that has been decided by a court in the past, the

Supreme Court ___________.

a. Must have a unanimous decision

b. must consider changing times

c. may not make decisions based on

personal views

d. May follow the precedent or

overrule precedent

slide57
28

d. May follow the precedent

or overrule precedent

slide58
29

_____________ may cause the Court to interpret the law in new ways.

a. Political needs

b. Decisions of lower courts

c. State decisions

d. Changes in social conditions

slide59
29

d. Changes in social conditions

slide60
30

The Supreme Court’s written opinions set precedents for lower courts.

True False

slide61
30

True

slide62
31

The Chief Justice always writes the opinions for the court.

True False

slide63
31

False

slide64
32

When a justice agrees with the decision but not the reasoning of the decision, he or she writes a _________.

a. concurring opinion

b. dissenting opinion

c. unanimous opinion

d. majority opinion

slide65
32

a. concurring opinion

slide66
33

“Writ of centiorari” means __________.

a. the crime of the century

b. to question witnesses

c. to make more certain

d. to write the opinion

slide67
33

c. to make more certain

slide68
34

The Supreme Court selects the cases it hears by considering the merit of the case based on ________________.

a. if it involves a key constitutional question

b. If it involves legal issues rather than political

issues.

c. If it affects the entire country rather than

individuals or groups

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

slide69
34

d. All of the above

slide70
35

What purpose do the written opinions of the Supreme Court serve?

a. reveal the facts of the case

b. are precedents for lower courts

c. express political views

d. help justices keep their jobs

e. all of the above

slide71
35

b. are precedents for

lower courts

slide72
36

Which landmark Supreme Court case made it standard procedure to inform an arrested person of his or her right to keep silent and have an attorney?

a. Plessy v. Ferguson

b. Gideon v. Wainwright

c. Brown v. Board of Education

d. Miranda v. Arizona

slide73
36

d. Miranda v. Arizona

slide74
37

Which landmark Supreme Court case struck down the “separate but equal”

ruling and led to the

integration of public schools?

a. Plessy v. Ferguson

b. Gideon v. Wainwright

c. Brown v. Board of Education

d. Miranda v. Arizona

slide75
37

c. Brown v. Board of Education

slide76
38

Which landmark Supreme Court case guarantees that all people charged with crimes have the right to counsel, even in state courts for minor offenses?

a. Scott v. Sanford

b. Gideon v. Wainwright

c. Marbury v. Madison

d. Miranda v. Arizona

slide77
38

b. Gideon v. Wainwright

slide78
39

Which landmark Supreme Court case ruled “separate but equal” was okay as it related to rail transportation?

a. Scott v. Sanford

b. Gideon v. Wainwright

c. Plessy v. Ferguson

d. Schenckv. U.S.

slide79
39

c. Plessy v. Ferguson

slide80
40

This landmark Supreme Court case dealt with school prayer and the importance of separation of church

and state?

a. Brown v. Board of Education

b. Gibbons v. Odgen

c. Engel v. Vitale

d. Miranda v. Arizona

slide81
40

c. Engel v. Vitale