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The Himalayan HotSpot. By: Sruti Kanthan Chisom Amaefuna Diego Mir Allan Vanterpool. Period 2 May 15, 2010. What Is the Himalayan Hot Spot Like?. o The Himalayas stretch for three thousand miles over India, Pakistan, Bhutan and Nepal.

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the himalayan hotspot

The Himalayan HotSpot

By:

Sruti Kanthan

Chisom Amaefuna

Diego Mir

Allan Vanterpool.

Period 2

May 15, 2010

what is the himalayan hot spot like
What Is the Himalayan Hot Spot Like?

o The Himalayas stretch for three thousand miles over India, Pakistan, Bhutan and Nepal.

o The abrupt rise of the Himalayas results very diverse ecosystems that range from tall grasslands and subtropical forests along the foothills, to conifers and harsh climate in the higher areas.

o The Himalayas are home to the tallest mountain in the world, Mount Everest.

why are the himalaya s considered a hot spot
Why are the Himalaya’s considered a Hot Spot?
  • Contains a large number of endemic species
  • Himalayan Mountains rise from less than 500 meter to more than 8,000 meters which results in a very diverse ecosystem
biodiversity of himalaya s
Biodiversity of Himalaya’s

Plants: 10,000 species

  • About 3,160 are endemic
  • 5 endemic plant families

ex:Tetracentraceae, Hamamelidaceae, Circaesteraceae, Butomaceae and Stachyuraceae

  • Eastern Himalaya is also a center of diversity for several widely distributed plant taxa, such as Rhododendron, Primula, and Pedicularis.

Invertebrates:

  • Reptiles: 175 species only about 50 are endemic
  • Amphibians: 105 species, about 40 or more are endemic
  • Fresh Water fish: 270 species, only about 30 are endemic

Vertebrates:

  • Birds: 980 species, only 15 are endemic
  • Mammals: 300 species, many are endemic to environment
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