new centers of civilization 2 3 46 53 n.
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New Centers of Civilization (2.3, 46-53). By Chloe Johnson. Pastoral Nomad. A person who domesticates animals for food and clothing and moves along regular migratory routes to provide a steady source of nourishment for those animals. Indo-Europeans.

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pastoral nomad
Pastoral Nomad

A person who domesticates animals for food and clothing and moves along regular migratory routes to provide a steady source of nourishment for those animals.

indo europeans
Indo-Europeans

One of the most important nomadic people; people who spoke a language derived from a single parent tongue; Greek, Latin, Persian, Sanskrit, and Germanic; based somewhere in the steppe region north of the Black Sea or in Southwest Asia

hittites
Hittites

Between 1600 BC and 1200 BC; created an empire in western Asia and threatened the power of the Egyptians; first indo-Europeans to use iron; destroyed around 1200 BC by the “Sea Peoples”

phoenicians
Phoenicians

Lived in the area of Palestine along the Mediterranean cost on a narrow band of land 120 miles long; newfound political freedom allowed expansion of trade; chief cities were Byblos, Tyre, and Sidon– all were ports ; produced goods like purple dye, glass, and lumber.

israelites
Israelites

Lived in south of Phoenicians; spoke Semitic; minor factor in the politics of the region; religion—Judaism—flourished and influenced Christianity and Islam.

jerusalem
Jerusalem

Capital of the Israelites; ruled by King David and later King Solomon

king solomon
King Solomon

Son of King David; ruled Jerusalem; expanded the government and army and encouraged trade; built famous temple in Jerusalem

monotheistic
Monotheistic

Believing in one god

covenant
Covenant

Contract; made by God in Jewish religion

prophets
Prophets

Religious teachers God sent to serve as his voice to his people (believed by Jews); age of prophecy lasted from the 1000s BC to 400s BC; introduced concepts that enriched the Jewish tradition; later embraced a concern for all of humanity; cried out against social injustice; condemned the rich for causing the poor to suffer