AP GOVERNMENT. Unit 1 Chapter 2 Constitutional Foundations. 2. Learning Objectives. Describe the basic structure of the Constitution and its Bill of Rights. 2.1. Analyze how the Constitution grants, limits, separates, and balances governmental power. 2.2. 2. Learning Objectives.
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Describe the basic structure of the Constitution and its Bill of Rights
Analyze how the Constitution grants, limits, separates, and balances governmental power
Explain how the use of judicial review strengthens the courts in a separation of powers system
Assess how the Constitution has evolved through changes in the informal, unwritten Constitution
Describe the processes by which formal changes to the Constitution can be made
“If men were angels, no government would be necessary. If angels were to govern men, neither external nor internal controls on government would be necessary.”
a. Create a stronger federal government, but with limited power.
a. Create within the government, competing interests that would check each other.
b. Create externally, a system that allows the governed to check the government through elections, petitions, protests, etc.
The Constitution not only protects us fromthe tyranny of government, but also protects us from the tyranny of the majority. HOW?
(Separation of powers protects us from an autocracy and popular tyranny.)
(Checks & Balances create friction among branches to bring about gradual change, and protect us from an autocracy and popular tyranny.)
(Political parties and special interest groups protect us from an autocracy and popular tyranny.)
(Expanding the electorate protects us from an autocracy and popular tyranny.)
(Allows us to monitor and stay informed about what the government is doing, or attempting to do – media is assisted by political parties and special interest groups who can reach millions in seconds to pressure politicians)
(Has often resulted in the president’s use of executive orders to bypass system of checks and balances).
***NOT SURE HOW THE PEOPLE ARE PROTECTED FROM THIS USE OF POWER!
2. Presidential Practices-