negation n.
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NEGATION. MOST COMMON NEGATIVES ARE. Ne ….pas – not Ne …jamais – never Ne …personne – nobody Ne …plus – anymore Ne …rien – nothing. HOW TO DO IT. The negative form of a verb is usually achieved by placing « ne » immediatey before the verb and the second part of the

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Presentation Transcript
most common negatives are
MOST COMMON NEGATIVES ARE
  • Ne ….pas – not
  • Ne …jamais – never
  • Ne …personne – nobody
  • Ne …plus – anymore
  • Ne …rien – nothing
how to do it
HOW TO DO IT

The negative form of a verb is usually

achieved by placing « ne » immediatey

before the verb and the second part of the

negative after the verb.

example
EXAMPLE

Elle ne parle pas français

First part of the negation

Second part of the negation

VERB

more examples
MORE EXAMPLES
  • I don’t receive pocket money

Je ne reçois pas d’argent de poche

  • I have nothing to do

Je n’ai rien à faire

  • My parents never understand

Mes parents ne comprennent jamais

exercise do one sentence at a time
I don’t have a part-time job anymore

Je n’ai plus de petit boulot

I don’t earn any money

Je ne gagne pas d’argent

I never go out during the week

Je ne sors jamais pendant la semaine

I never do anything in school

Je ne fais rien à l’école

EXERCISE (Do one sentence at a time)

things to watch out for

THINGS TO WATCH OUT FOR

You didn’t really think it would be that easy?!!

compound verbs verbs made up of 2 parts
COMPOUND VERBS (verbs made up of 2 parts)

When the verb is made up of 2 parts, the

second element of the negation is usually

placed after the first part of the verb.

example1
EXAMPLE

Second part of the negation

First part of the negation

Jen’airienfait

Second part of the verb

first part of the verb

more examples1
MORE EXAMPLES
  • I didn’t go on holiday with my parents

Je ne suis pas allé en vacances avec mes parents.

  • I’ve never smoked

Je n’ai jamais fumé

  • I don’t want to work anymore

Je ne veux plus travailler

compound verbs verbs made up of 2 parts1
COMPOUND VERBS (verbs made up of 2 parts)

There’s one exception to this rule!

ne … personne

In this case, « personne » goes after the

second part of the verb.

Eg: Ils n’ont vu personne

reflexive verbs
REFLEXIVE VERBS

With reflexive verbs, the first part of the

negation is placed before the reflexive

pronoun.

example2
EXAMPLE

first part of the negation

Je ne m’entends pas bien avec ma soeur

Reflexive pronoun

more examples2
MORE EXAMPLES
  • I don’t argue with my parents

Je ne me dispute pas avec mes parents

  • At the weekend, I never wake up early

Le week-end, je ne me réveille jamais de bonne heure

jamais pesonne rien
JAMAIS/PESONNE/RIEN

« Jamais », « personne » and « rien » can

be used on their own.

Eg: -Qu’est-ce que tu prends au petit déjeuner?

-Rien

personne rien
PERSONNE / RIEN

« personne » and « rien » may also be

subjects and will need to be placed at the

begining of the sentence.

Watch out! « ne » is still required!

Eg: Personne ne le connaît

Rien ne me plaît

got it

Got it?

Well done!

exercise to recap answers on the next slide
EXERCISE TO RECAP(answers on the next slide)
  • Nobody knows where he is.
  • They didn’t hurry up.
  • I haven’t finished my homework.
  • She doesn’t want to lend me her car.
  • Our French teacher is never angry.
  • You don’t want to go anymore?
answers
ANSWERS
  • Personne ne sait où il est.
  • Ils/elles ne se sont pas dépéché(e)s.
  • Je n’ai pas fini mes devoirs.
  • Elle ne veut pas me prêter sa voiture.
  • Notre professeur de français n’est jamais en colère.
  • Tu ne veux plus partir?
more practice
MORE PRACTICE

If you want to practise a bit more, go to the following exercise in Zut:

http://zut.languageskills.co.uk/361.html