Youth and family. Art and faith. Impressionism and the city. Studio of the South. Seeing color. A period of Masterpieces. Crisis. Techniques and paintings. Maturing technique. Cypress and wheatfield . The Starry Night. Dead. Van Gogh Museum. Paez Olivares Gabriela Gricel
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Youth and family. Art and faith. Impressionism and the city. Studio of the South. Seeing color. A period of Masterpieces. Crisis. Techniques and paintings. Maturing technique. Cypress and wheatfield. The Starry Night. Dead. Van Gogh Museum. Paez Olivares Gabriela Gricel TSU Desarrollo de Negocios en Área de Mercadotecnia Vincent Van Gogh
Youth and family Theodorus van Gogh, a preacher in the Dutch Reformed Church, and Anna Cornelia Carbentus, daughter of a bookseller, marry in 1851. Their son Vincent Willem van Gogh, the second of six children, is born on March 30, 1853, in Zundert, a village in Brabant, in the south of the Netherlands. Four years later, in 1857, Vincent's favorite brother, Theodorus (Theo), is born. Vincent begins his education at the village school in 1861, and subsequently attends two boarding schools. He excels in languages, studying French, English, and German. In March 1868, in the middle of the academic year, he abruptly leaves school and returns to Zundert. He does not resume his formal education.
Art and faith Wrestling with his desire to be useful, in 1880 Van Gogh decides he can become an artist and still be in God's service. Van Gogh moves to Brussels and considers enrolling at the art academy, but instead tries to study independently, sometimes in the company of Dutch artist Anthon van Rappard. Because Van Gogh has no livelihood, Theo, who is at Goupil's Paris branch, sends him money. He was to do this regularly until the end of Van Gogh's life. In Etten in 1881, Van Gogh falls in love with his cousin KeeVos-Stricker, who rejects his advances. His dogged pursuit of Kee causes a rift with his parents. His intense religiosity begins to dissipate.
On February 27, 1886, Van Gogh arrives in Paris. He lives with Theo in Montmartre, an artists' quarter. Theo, who manages the Montmartre branch of Goupil's (now called Boussod, Valadon & Cie), acquaints Van Gogh with the works of Claude Monet and other Impressionists. Now he sees for himself how the Impressionists handle light and color, and treat their original themes from the town and country. For four months Van Gogh studies at the prestigious teaching atelier of FernandCormon, and he begins to meet the city's modern artists, including Paul Gauguin, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Emile Bernard, Camille Pissarro, and John Russell. Impressionism and the city
Worn down by his activities in Paris, on February 19, 1888, Van Gogh leaves for Provence in the south of France. Still hoping to establish an artists' cooperative, he rents a studio in Arles, the "Yellow House," and invites Gauguin to join him. In anticipation of his arrival, Van Gogh paints still lifes of sunflowers to decorate Gauguin's room. The flowers represent the sun, the dominant feature of the Provencal summer; Gauguin describes the paintings as "completely Van Gogh." The studio of the south
Captivated by the spectacle of spring in Provence, Van Gogh paints the landscape. He concentrates on blossoming fruit trees and later, in summer, on scenes of rural life. He paints outdoors, often in a single long session: "Working directly on the spot all the time, I tried to grasp what is essential." He identifies each season and subject with characteristic colors: "The orchards stand for pink and white, the wheatfields for yellow." Seeing color
While in Arles and Saint-Rémy, Van Gogh sent his paintings to Theo in Paris. Despite his illness, he produced one masterpiece after another in this period, such as Irises, Cypresses, and The Starry Night. Theo and others also begin to notice Van Gogh’s work. Les Vingt, a group of avant-garde Belgian artists, included six of his paintings in their 1890 exhibition. When Vincent exhibited recent work at the Salon des Indépendants - two paintings in 1889 and ten in 1890 – friends in Paris informed him of their enthusiastic reception. “I send you my sincere compliments, and to many artists you are the most noteworthy part of the exhibition,” Gauguin wrote. A period of Masterpieces
Crisis Gauguin finally arrives in Arles in October 1888. For nine weeks he and Van Gogh work together, painting and discussing art. Gauguin makes a portrait of Van Gogh in front of one of his sunflower canvases, which Van Gogh describes as "certainly me, but me gone mad." Personal tensions grow between the two men. In December Van Gogh experiences a psychotic episode in which he threatens Gauguin with a razor and later cuts off a piece of his own left ear. He is admitted to a hospital in Arles and remains there through January of 1889.
Techniques And Paintings
MaturingTechnique Inspired by the bright colors and strong light of Provence, Van Gogh executes painting after painting in his own powerful language. "I am getting an eye for this kind of country," he writes to Theo. Whereas in Paris his works covered a broad range of subjects and techniques, the Arles paintings are consistent in approach, fusing painterly drawing with intensely saturated color.
On 27 July 1890, Van Gogh walked into a wheat field and shot himself in the chest. He staggered back to his room, where two days later, on 29 July, he died with Theo at his side. He was buried in Auvers the next day. Among the mourners were Lucien Pissarro, Emile Bernard and Père Tanguy. Bernard later described Van Gogh’s coffin, covered with yellow flowers, and his easel and brushes lying on the ground next to the casket. Van Gogh’s paintings were left to Theo. His work would ultimately have a profound influence on groundbreaking artists of the twentieth century. Dead
The Van Gogh Museum first opened its doors in 1973. The building, designed by Dutch architect GerritRietveld, houses the world's largest collection of works by Vincent van Gogh: some 200 paintings, 500 drawings and 700 letters, as well as the artist's own collection of Japanese prints. The collection originally belonged to Theo van Gogh (1857-1891), Vincent's younger brother. Following Theo's death, it passed to his widow, Johanna van Gogh-Bonger (1862-1925). Although a number of works were sold, she retained a major group, representing all phases of Van Gogh's oeuvre. On her death in 1925, her son, Vincent Willem van Gogh (1890-1978), inherited the collection. In 1962, on the initiative of the Dutch state, he transferred the works to the Vincent van Gogh Foundation. They are now on permanent loan to the Van Gogh Museum and form the nucleus of its collection.
Bibliography Van Gogh MuseumAmsterdam Van Gogh MuseumAmsterdam Van Gogh MuseumAmsterdam Van Gogh MuseumAmsterdam Van Gogh MuseumAmsterdam Van Gogh MuseumAmsterdam Van Gogh MuseumAmsterdam