Tribal Safety Programs In MAP-21 Ron Hall Tribal Technical Assistance Program Colorado State University Ronald.Hall@colostate.edu
I know its there somewhere • 2% safety set-aside . • Tribal concerns must be considered in STIP and LRTP. • Tribes and tribal transit can be included in MPO • Tribes with jurisdiction over land areas must be consulted in statewide planning, though safety is not identifies as a subject area.
25 USC 202(e) Safety Funding.—2% Set aside allocated based on an identification and analysis of highway safety issues and opportunities on tribal land, as determined by the Secretary, on application of the Indian tribal governments for eligible projects described in section 148(a)(4).
SEC. 1123. TRIBAL HIGH PRIORITY PROJECTS PROGRAM. • $30 million FY 13 and 14 • Eligible applicants.— • (A) an Indian tribe whose annual allocation of funding under section 202 of title 23, United States Code, is insufficient to complete the highest priority project of the Indian tribe; • (B) a governmental subdivision of an Indian tribe— • (i) that is authorized to administer the funding of the Indian tribe under section 202 of title 23, United States Code; and • (ii) for which the annual allocation under that section is insufficient to complete the highest priority project of the Indian tribe; or • (C) any Indian tribe that has an emergency or disaster with respect to a transportation facility included on the national inventory of tribal transportation facilities under section 202(b)(1) of title 23, United States Code.
Tribal Transportation Program • $500 million for FY 2013. • New formula • Tribal-state road maintenance agreements • Safety projects and planning are eligible
Transportation Planning • 1119 c (5) Asset management.--The Secretary and the Secretary of each appropriate Federal land management agency shall, to the extent appropriate, implement safety, bridge, pavement, and congestion management systems for facilities funded under the tribal transportation program and the Federal lands transportation program in support of asset management.
Eligible use of funds • 23 USC 202 Tribal transportation program • Use of Funds – (A)(i) transportation planning, research, maintenance, engineering, rehabilitation, restoration, construction, and reconstruction of tribal transportation facilities; ``(vi) environmental mitigation in or adjacent to tribal land-- ``(I) to improve public safety and reduce vehicle-caused wildlife mortality while maintaining habitat connectivity
402 Funds • Not clear in MAP-21 for tribal component
Metropolitan Planning Organizations • 50,000 population as of last census • Statewide and metropolitan transportation planning will have an added responsibility to set and plan for performance targets in federally supported highway and transit projects. • Must include local elected officials and officials of public agencies that administer or operate major modes of transportation in the metro area, including providers of public transportation.
Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) • Safety throughout all transportation programs remains DOT’s number one priority. • MAP-21 continues the successful HSIP, with average annual funding of $2.4 billion, including $220 million per year for the Rail-Highway Crossings program.
Safety Data System • The HSIP emphasizes a data-driven, strategic approach to improving highway safety on all public roads that focuses on performance. • The foundation for this approach is a safety data system, which each State is required to have to identify key safety problems, establish their relative severity, and then adopt strategic and performance-based goals to maximize safety. • Every State is required to develop a Strategic Highway Safety Plan (SHSP) that lays out strategies to address these key safety problems.
Sustain, Coordinate, or Else! • Every State now has an SHSP in place, and MAP-21 ensures ongoing progress toward achieving safety targets by requiring regular plan updates and defining a clear linkage between behavioral (NHTSA funded) State safety programs and the SHSP. • A State that fails to have an approved updated plan will not be eligible to receive additional obligation limitation during the overall redistribution of unused obligation limitation that takes place during the last part of the fiscal year. The SHSP remains a statewide coordinated plan developed in cooperation with a broad range of multidisciplinary stakeholders.
Safety Performance • States will set targets for the number of serious injuries and fatalities and the number per vehicle mile of travel. • If a State fails to make progress toward its safety targets, it will have to devote a certain portion of its formula obligation limitation to the safety program and submit an annual implementation plan on how the State will make progress to meet performance targets.
High Risk Rural Roads • Although MAP-21 eliminates the requirement for every State to set aside funds for High Risk Rural Roads, a State is required to obligate funds for this purpose if the fatality rate on such roads increases. • The Secretary is required to carry out a study of High Risk Rural Road “best practices.” • States are required to incorporate strategies focused on older drivers and pedestrians if fatalities and injuries per capita for those groups increase.
State Planning and Research (SP&R) • MAP-21 continues the SP&R, as a two percent takedown of four core programs: National Highway Performance Program, Surface Transportation Program, Congestion Mitigation Air Quality program, and Highway Safety Improvement Program. At least 25 percent of these funds have to be used for research purposes. States are required to agree on what portion of their share of their SP&R funds they make available to the Secretary to implement the results of the F-SHRP program