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Your Digital Library. MBG 8680 Shiffman Medical Library. Key to Access: Library Web Site. Links to all databases, catalogs, e-books, e-journals, news Hours, contacts, maps, services [email protected] Remote access instructions. Objectives.

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your digital library

Your Digital Library

MBG 8680

Shiffman Medical Library

key to access library web site
Key to Access: Library Web Site
  • Links to all databases, catalogs, e-books, e-journals, news
  • Hours, contacts, maps, services
  • [email protected]
  • Remote access instructions
  • To provide an overview of basic resources
    • Databases (to find articles and full text publications)
    • Catalog (to find journals and books)
    • Other tools
  • To increase awareness of services for you
  • To increase awareness of amount/pace of new information and resources
does the library have
Does the Library Have?
  • Catalog: “Imagine”
  • Linked from Shiffman site or

catalog searches

Paper & e-books with links

Journal titles

Paper & e-journals with links

Other: media, microforms, databases, web sites

Especially important

Which library?


Years covered?

MEDLINE abbreviation

Catalog Searches
not found in catalog
Not Found in Catalog?
  • Visit, call or e-mail reference
  • Order via Interlibrary Loan (no charge)
    • Order as soon as possible
  • No charge from “other side of campus”
  • Database is a searchable archive of structured information
    • Record: all information about an item
    • Field: information about an item is stored in a field
  • Bibliographic databases
    • Fields: author, title, journal name
  • Molecular biology databases
    • Sequence, protein translation, source organism
the question
The Question
  • What is insulin’s role in postprandial hypotension in diabetes patients?
  • Context: physician notes a severe drop in blood pressure after eating meals. Already knows insulin is suspected of playing a role.
  • What kind of information would you like to find?
  • What would it look like if you found it?
  • What should be included?
  • What should be excluded?
first steps
First Steps
  • Write down key concepts
  • Expand with related terms and synonyms
example treatment of heart disease












Example: treatment of heart disease
next step decide on limits
Time Limits?

Last six months

Last year

Last five years

Size of Retrieval?

One-two relevant articles?





Research type?

Publication type?

Next Step: Decide on Limits
choosing a database
Choosing a Database
    • The primary source for clinical literature
  • Science Citation Index/Web of Knowledge
    • Larger number of research and basic science journals
  • BIOSIS (Biological Abstracts)
    • Breadth of inclusion and full coverage of basic science aspects
  • Primary clinical database with increasing number of basic science journals
  • WSU offers MEDLINE via PubMed (free) or OVID (restricted)
    • OVID’s current benefit to you is link to catalog for journal information
medline try it
  • Via home page or
results consider
Results? Consider . . .
  • Are the articles relevant?
  • Too much or too little?
  • Are you satisfied?
insulin s role example
Insulin’s role example
    • Insulin
    • Insulin’s physiological effects
    • Postprandial period
    • Hypotension
    • Diabetes mellitus
    • Control of cardiovascular responses
    • Vasodilation
    • Cardiac output
Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)


Postprandial period



Diabetes mellitus

Digestive physiology

Blood pressure



Postprandial hypotension

Low blood pressure

Fall AND blood pressure


multiple term combinations
Multiple Term Combinations
  • Try it:
    • Insulin AND postprandial period
    • Insulin AND hypotension
    • Postprandial period AND hypotension
    • Insulin AND vasodilation
    • Diabetes AND hypotension
    • Insulin AND meal
    • Digestive physiology AND hypotension
building a search
Building a Search
  • Insulin (MeSH term)
    • Example: insulin[mh]
  • Hypotension?
    • Example: Hypotension OR hypotensive OR (blood pressure AND fall)
  • Postprandial?
    • Example: Postprandial period[mh] OR postprandial OR digestive physiology[mh] OR eat OR food OR meal
building a search cont d
Building a Search cont’d.
  • Insulin’s relationship with vasodilation?
    • OR (insulin AND vasodilation)
  • Limiting to English language?
    • AND Eng[la]
  • Enter into PubMed search window
and or boolean operators
AND, OR, Boolean Operators



Dogs OR cats: either, or, or both


AND (Intersection)



Dogs and cats in the same record

test search
Test Search

((insulin[mh] AND (hypotension[mh] OR hypotensive[tw] OR (“blood pressure” AND fall)) AND (postprandial period[mh] OR postprandial[all] OR digestive physiology[mh] OR eat*[tw] OR food[tw] OR meal[tw])) OR (insulin[majr] AND vasodilation[mh]) AND eng[la])

  • Over 11 million citations from mid-1960s to the present (before 1960s Index Medicus)
  • Controlled vocabulary (MeSH) helps to focus
  • Provides links to “some” full-text e-articles
  • Updated daily
  • “Related articles” feature for additional citations
  • New e-books with links
  • Loansome Doc (miuwsu)
  • Can be time consuming because of size
  • Quick searches can be dangerous
  • MeSH terms updated annually
  • Includes literature from over 70 countries but has a North American bias and may omit relevant literature
  • Additional databases required for comprehensive basic science literature
science citation index
Science Citation Index
  • Now in Web of Knowledge with:
    • Social Science Citation Index
    • Journal Citation Reports
  • Why use it?
science citation index1
Science Citation Index
  • Strengths
    • More basic science, research journals than MEDLINE
    • Citation tracking (no other database has this)
    • Enables easy date limitations
  • Weaknesses
    • No controlled vocabulary – only keywords
    • Limited user interface
    • Maximum of 500 records per search
  • Sandler MP, Bax JJ, Patton JA et al.
    • Fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose cardiac imaging using a modified scintillation camera

Journal of Nuclear Medicine 39(12): 2035-2043 DEC 1998

why use web of knowledge
Why Use Web of Knowledge?
  • You can find articles:
    • Written by an author
    • Written about a topic or person
    • That cite a particular author in the list of references
    • That cite a particular article in the list of references
    • Published within the last few days, weeks or decades
    • Published in a particular journals
why use web of knowledge cont d
Why Use Web of Knowledge? cont’d
  • How often an article has been cited
  • The list of references from an article
  • Also,
    • Journal Citation Reports
      • Relative importance of a journal: “impact factor”
      • Journals in a discipline or sub-discipline ranked by impact factor, number of citations, other metrics
biosis biological abstracts
BIOSIS (Biological Abstracts)
  • Two choices: Silver Platter or “BasicBIOSIS” in First Search
  • Strengths
    • Increased coverage of research and basic biology journals compared with MEDLINE
    • Good coverage of animal sciences and animal models for disease
biosis cont d
BIOSIS cont’d
  • Weaknesses
    • Has only minimal controlled vocabulary
    • Interface not user-friendly
try it
Try it:
  • Try the search in both Web of Knowledge and BIOSIS via Silver Platter

(insulin AND postprandial AND (hypotension OR (blood pressure AND fall))) OR (insulin AND vasodilation)

other publications
Other Publications
  • E-books
    • PubMed
    • Catalog
    • Encyclopedia of Life Sciences
  • E-journals
e journals
  • Must check catalog today under journal title or MEDLINE abbreviation
  • New journals added monthly
  • Publication far in advance of paper, including pre-publication and e-only
how to keep up
How to Keep Up?
  • Current Contents (in OVID)
  • Current Awareness Service
    • Tables of content to e-mail
    • Sign-up information through Shiffman web site under: Services. Under: Current awareness
  • E-mail links from many journals at the article level
other tools
Other Tools
  • Next Wave
  • EndNote
    • Bibliographic management database
  • Import citations from databases
  • Convert citations to style needed for publication
remote access
Remote Access
  • Internet Toolkit (Shiffman Circulation Desk or Undergraduate Library)
  • Access ID (aa1234)
    • Dial-in/proxy authentication
  • Instructions on Shiffman web page
other id
Other “ID”
  • One Card is library card (# on bar code)
    • Check-out/renew books
    • Enter library
  • Computer lab authentication
    • School of Medicine only