The OSI Model. An ISO (International standard Organization) that covers all aspects of network communications is the Open System Interconnection (OSI) model .
This interface defines what information and services a layer must provide for the layer above it.
The physical layer is responsible for transmitting individual bits from one node to the next.
The physical layer is concerned with the following:
The data link layer is responsible for transmitting frames from one node to the next.
The network layer is responsible for the delivery of packets from the original source to the final destination.
The transport layer is responsible for delivery of a message from one process to another.
The application layer is responsible for providing services to the user.