Grab a Post-it Note Come up to the board and place the stick-it note in the column representing that range of minutes. Think about your average class. For (approximately) what percentage of the instructional minutes are your students actively engaged and participating?
Teaching Excellence Center: New Faculty Development Series Strategies to Promote Active Student Engagement in the Classroom Heather Olson BealDepartment of Secondary Ed. & Ed. Leadership firstname.lastname@example.org
Workshop Topics Teacher-centered Instruction Strategies Student-centered Instruction Let’s get started.
1 Teacher-centered instruction How do teachers and professors usually teach? What does research show?
What does the research show? • Get out your cell phones. • Think for 1 minute about what kind of teaching strategy or activity occupied the majority of the last 10 class sessions you taught.
Research Findings: Most common: Lecture (92.8% of respondents – lectured 4 or more class sessions; 52.6% - lectured during all 10 of the class sessions) Next most common: Full-group discussion (7.55 of the 10 sessions) What’s wrong with full-group discussion? 20% of students use up 80% of the time in a full group discussion
Which strategies are most effective? Two most effective: Hands-on activities and Practical Exercises 7thmost effective : Lecture What’s wrong with lecture? Retention and student engagement/participation are low In a 50-min. lecture, students are attentive to the lecturer approximately 40% of the total lecture time First 10 min. of a lecture: student retention is approx. 70% Last 10 min. of a lecture: student retention is approx. 20% Lecture is a teacher-centered approach (Smith and Valentine, 2012; Lang, 2008)
But lecture was good enough for me!? Teacher-centered approaches won’t work anymore Higher ed. under increased scrutiny Lots of feedback from employers saying that college graduates are not prepared for the workforce. They struggle to engage in independent, critical thinking and with written communication skills (Arum & Roksa, 2010).
Shift Happens http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XVQ1ULfQawk
2 Student-centered Instruction What does student-centered instruction look like?
Student-centered instruction is . . . Active Varied Challenging Flexible – student choice Collaborative Reflective
3 Student-Centered Strategies So how do we make our instruction more student-centered?
Maximize your Instructional Minutes Don’t try to control things you can’t control. Be selfish with your instructional time. Use up every minute. 3 credit hour course = only 1.7% of our students’ time per week Make sure how you spend your limited time in class matches how you will assess students.
Strategies for Active Participation Graphic Organizers KWL Jigsaw Activity Think-Pair-Share Anticipation Guides Cue cards / physical symbols Knowledge Rating Cubing
Strategies, cont. The Minute Paper Entrance/Exit cards Poll Everywhere Inside-Outside Circle Carousel Walk Numbered Heads Together Sketch to Stretch Inkshedding
3-2-1 / Think-Pair-Share 3 active participation strategies you’ve tried that worked 2 that you’re interested in trying out 1 question/concern that you still have
Wrap-up Above all, remember that we’re not teaching a subject; we are teaching students. And when we do that, it requires us to use different strategies to meet the students’ needs and to keep them actively engaged.
Good luck! What’s Your Message?