Aboriginal Leadership Development in Australiawarning: images of deceased persons Professor Dennis Foley School of Humanities and Social Science The University of Newcastle
Leadership? What is it? Is it tradional, authorised – legitimate leadership? Is it opportunity realisation – illegitimate leadership? Is it community, political or individual? Or in our history is it all three?
Windradyn 1824 Died: March 21, 1829
William Cooper 1861-1941 Yorta Yorta of Cummeragunja In 1933 at the age of 72 he moved to Melb. for living on the reserve he was ineligible for the old aged pension Set up the Australian Aboriginal League, helped organise the Day of Mourning
l to r): William Ferguson, Jack Kinchella, Isaac Ingram, Doris Williams, Esther Ingram, Arthur Williams Jr, Phillip Ingram, Louisa Agnes Ingram with daughter Olive Ingram, and Jack Patten 26 January 1938
Vincent Lingiari 1908- 21/1/1988
Pearl Gibbs Born 1901 Botany Bay1930 unemployed workers camp1933 organised pea-pickers strike1937 begins working with Fergusen and Patten1938 involved in "Day of Mourning" protest1956 founder Aboriginal-Australian Fellowship1954 - 57 first and only female member of the NSW Aborigines Welfare Board1983 dies in Dubbo
Chicka Dixon 1928 – March 2010
Billy Craigie Bertie Williams John Newfong Ambrose Golden-Brown
Bobby Sykes 16 August 1943 14 November 2010
Population approx 500,000 people Rural remote 90,000 Middle class 160,000 On or below the poverty line 250,000 (Helen Hughes‘Lands of Shame’2007) Read : Tim Rouse Book review www.sisr.net/apo/rowse.pdf
Aqua-culture industry 8,000 years old Labour mobilisation – housing - provision food clothing etc for workers Large scale harvest linked to production Smoking = value added product Containerisation - woven baskets Distribution network – thousands of miles 1/3rd cont.
Indigenous Australian Leadership entrepreneurship - enterprise = 8,000 years of history Leadership & Enterprise participation is NOT un-Aboriginal
Can Indigenous entrepreneurs or Leaders be taught? … Or are they born?
Do Indigenous we face different challenges to that experienced by settler society?
The hurdles in the development of leadership & entrepreneurship are:- Racism Low human capital Low social capital Lack of financial capital Diminishing cultural capital & Neo-liberal government policies – New Managerialism
The future is all about capacity building … … for both Indigenous and non-Indigenous
Johnny Japangardi Miller and Peggy Nampijinpa Brown Mt Theo Outstation
The Outstation focuses on young Warlpiri people started by Yuendumu Community in 1993 to address chronic petrol sniffing. The program has since broadened in nature and scope to provide a comprehensive program of youth development and leadership, diversion, respite, rehabilitation, and aftercare throughout the Warlpiri region the provision of cultural rehabilitation and strengthening of young people through the care of Warlpiri mentors and elders at the remote Outstation, 160km northwest of Yuendumu. Elders of the Yuendumu Community initiated the program, with additional support from local organisations
What's out there in education: • Indigenous Leadership Program – govt run • Aboriginal Indigenous Leadership Development (AILC) – has great potential-certificate level • Cape York Institute – Leadership Academy WTS • Individual State Programs, political, come and go with funding - little outcome • Aurora Project UNSW – Native Title for CEO’s • Edith Cowan Uni and Australian Catholic Uni’s – real programs with outcomes in tertiary ed. - Batchelor College and Charles Darwin Uni WTS changing delivery and pedagogy looking at outcomes -Australian Centre for Indigenous Knowledge's and Education - pathways to build social, human, economic and identity capital.
What's out there in entrepreneurship education:- • Swinburne - Master Entrep. • Master of Applied Innovation & Entrepreneurship Uni Adelaide (Online) • Bach Bus (Entrep.) RMIT • Bach Commerce Entrep – Curtin • Murdoch undergrad major Entrep Innovation • QUT • And a sprinkling of majors around our TAFE’s and Uni’s
Noel Pearson & Chris Sara Accountability Governance Transparency
Apart from the AILC there is nothing in Australia targeting minority entrepreneurship Leadership training, they are all mainstream …. … I looked overseas
2009 United nations Economic Forum reported entrepreneurship has never been more important than it is today in this time of financial crises … innovation and entrepreneurship provide a way forward for solving the global challenges of the 21st century … Entrepreneurship education can be a societal change agent, a great enabler …
result Steve Mariotti After earning his bachelors in business economics and M.B.A from the University of Michigan he moved to New York. In 198 mugged for $10 by a gang of teenagers, which lead him to work with youth in the New York Public School System in 1982. best known pioneering work in youth at-risk education - initially founded The South Bronx Entrepreneurial Education Program with limited success. in 1987 he founded the Network for Teaching Entrepreneurship, gives at-risk youth low-income backgrounds opportunities to receive entrepreneurial education while attending high school.
NFTE Mission The Network for Teaching Entrepreneurship's mission is to provide programs that inspire young people from low-income communities to stay in school, to recognize business opportunities and to plan for successful futures. History Founded in New York City in 1987 by Steve Mariotti, a former entrepreneur turned high school math teacher in the South Bronx, NFTE began as a program to prevent dropouts and improve academic performance among students who were at risk of failing or quitting school. Combining his business background with his desire to teach at-risk students, Steve discovered that when young people from low-income communities are given the opportunity to learn about entrepreneurship, their innate "street smarts" can easily develop into "academic smarts" and "business smarts." Through entrepreneurship, young people discover that what they are learning in the classroom is relevant to the real world. To date, NFTE has worked with nearly 450,000 young people from low-income communities in programs across the U.S. and around the world.
Ahikaa Vision Ahikaa programmes embody a fusion of the internationally acclaimed NFTE entrepreneurship education programmes with the entrepreneurial traditions of Polynesia and tikanga of New Zealand Maori Under the guardianship of Entrepreneurship New Zealand Trust, the Ahikaa vision includes:
Empowering families, whanau, hapu, iwi and communities to utilise and develop their resources Providing youth and families/whanau with understanding and tools to foster economic sustainability Enabling full participation in local economies Linking with international networks and gaining global opportunities Promoting rangatiratanga as the practical implementation of our individual and group potential
Philosophy We believe that within every person lies many talents; gifts that sometimes we need help to discover so that we can go on to achieve our potential Through entrepreneurship education, the NFTE curriculum and teaching philosophy helps people build skills and unlock their entrepreneurial creativity. Students’ learning experiences are supported by a comprehensive and internationally accredited curriculum, specialist teacher training, and support AHIKAA provides a range of learning materials, a hands-on practice-based curriculum, exciting entrepreneurial activities, and ongoing student/alumni and teacher development opportunities inside and outside the formal learning environment
NSW Indigenous Chamber of Commerce Deb Barwick
The Indigenous Business NetworkSouth East Queensland Neil Willmett
Pilbara Aboriginal Chamber Of Commerce Inc Pilbara Aboriginal Contractors Association Inc