competency 206 00 draw wall sections and details l.
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Competency: 206.00 Draw wall sections and details. Objective: 206.03 Apply concepts of wood frame wall construction. Wood Frame Wall Construction Materials. Wood studs should Be straight Have good stiffness #2 grade or better Moisture content of 15-19% .

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competency 206 00 draw wall sections and details

Competency: 206.00Draw wall sections and details

Objective: 206.03

Apply concepts of wood frame wall construction.

wood frame wall construction materials
Wood Frame Wall ConstructionMaterials
  • Wood studs should
    • Be straight
    • Have good stiffness
    • #2 grade or better
    • Moisture content of 15-19%
wood frame wall construction materials3
Wood Frame Wall ConstructionMaterials
  • 2x4 and 2x6 lumber are most popular sizes for wall construction
    • 2x6 materials can be used for exterior walls for additional insulation thickness
    • 2x4 materials used for most interior walls
    • 2x6 and 2x8 materials used to allow plumbing to pass through wall
wood frame wall construction components
Wood Frame Wall ConstructionComponents
  • Sole Plate/Bottom Plate
    • Holds studs together in a wall unit
    • Anchors wall to subfloor
  • Wall studs
    • Spaced 16” or 24” O.C.
    • Length based on ceiling height
  • Top plate
    • Ties intersecting walls together
    • Provides additional strength between studs where ceiling joists/rafters do not bear directly above the stud
wood frame wall construction components6
Wood Frame Wall ConstructionComponents
  • Headers
    • Size depends on its span and loading
    • Carries load of the roof where studs have been removed from the wall to create an opening
wood frame wall construction components7
Wood Frame Wall ConstructionComponents
  • Solid headers
    • Fill the space above the opening
    • Header formed by turning two units of framing lumber on edge with a ½” spacer between the members
    • For 2x4 stud wall a 3-½” thick unit
wood frame wall construction components8
Wood Frame Wall ConstructionComponents
  • Solid headers
    • Studs are not full length
    • Fill the space above the header
  • Headers are supported by trimmers or jack studs
wood frame wall construction components9
Wood Frame Wall ConstructionComponents
  • Corner Bracing
    • Plywood, OSB, or similar material may be used in place of the let-in brace
    • Diagonal metal straps may be used
wood frame wall construction exterior finishing
Wood Frame Wall ConstructionExterior Finishing
  • Wall sheathing
    • Typically ½” thick
    • May be a structural material and/or an insulating material
    • Often applied to frame wall prior to wall being raised from the subfloor
    • Often applied to frame wall prior to wall being raised from the subfloor
wood frame wall construction exterior finishing11
Wood Frame Wall ConstructionExterior Finishing
  • Wall ties
    • Masonry wall is not a load bearing wall
    • Frame wall carries the load of the structure
    • Ties are bent to fit between mortar joints
    • Corrugated metal ties
      • Placed 16” O.C. vertically
      • Placed 32” O.C. horizontally