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Revised Roman Missal Workshops. Diocese of Altoona-Johnstown. Why are we here today?. Think about the Last Supper What thoughts form in your mind?. Some Thoughts Might Be . . . Jesus sharing the Seder meal with his disciples The institution of the Eucharist

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Revised Roman Missal Workshops

Diocese of

Altoona-Johnstown



Think about the last supper what thoughts form in your mind l.jpg
Think aboutthe Last SupperWhat thoughtsform in your mind?


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Some Thoughts Might Be . . .

  • Jesus sharing the Seder meal with his disciples

  • The institution of the Eucharist

  • Bread and wine turned into Jesus’ Body and Blood

  • Jesus saying, “Do this in memory of me.”



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How do we know about these events?We know about them throughscripture and tradition


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How Did We Learn About the Eucharistic Meal?

  • In the Acts of the Apostles we read of the followers of Jesus gathering together to break bread.

    Acts 2:46, 20:7, 20:11, 27:35


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How Did We Learn About the Eucharistic Meal?

  • In his gospel account of the journey to Emmaus, Luke’s gospel tells how the disciples came to recognize Jesus in the breaking of the bread.

    Luke 24:13 - 35


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How Did We Learn About the Past?

  • In his writings to the Corinthians, St. Paul recounts words that were handed on to him: “the Lord Jesus, on the night he was handed over, took bread . . . and said, “This is my body . . . Do this in memory of me.”

    1 Corinthians 11:23–25


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What is a Missal?

  • As time went on, the Church Fathers gathered the words used to faithfully celebrate the Eucharistic Meal (Mass) and collect them into books that became early missals. Many versions existed, but none were universal to the Roman (Latin) Rite until the 16th century.


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How Did We Get Here?

  • In 1570, Pope Pius V issued the first Roman Missal – a complete collection of all the texts (prayers, rubrics, readings, antiphons) that were used in the celebration of the Eucharistic Meal. This book was only revised eight times over the next 400 years.


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How Did We Get Here?

  • The last change to the Roman Missal of 1570 was implemented by Pope John XXIII in 1962. The two most noted changes were:

    • Inclusion of St. Joseph in the Eucharistic Prayer

    • Removal of the “faithless” reference to Jews in the Good Friday prayers


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How Did We Get Here?

  • A major revamping of the Roman Missal was orchestrated by the Second Vatican Council. The Council called for a rejuvenation of the Church’s liturgical life – including a reform and renewal of the Mass.


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How Did We Get Here?

  • 1969 – New 1st Ed. Latin missal issued

  • 1970 – English translation approved

  • 1974 – Missal placed in use in the US

  • 1975 – 2nd Ed. Latin missal issued

  • 1985 – 2nd Ed. missal placed in use in US

  • 2000 – 3rd Ed. Latin missal issued

  • 2002 – GIRM of the 3rd Ed. used in US

  • 2010 – English translation of 3rd Ed. approved


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How Did We Get Here?

  • Work began on translating the third edition of the new Roman Missal from Latin into English in 2001 by a group known as ICEL (International Committee on English in the Liturgy).


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Why Did Approval Take So Long?

15 Associate Members

11 Members


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Why Did Approval Take So Long?

Let’s Review Translating First


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Why Did Approval Take So Long?

Let’s Review Translating First

  • There are two basic methods of translating that are generally accepted. They are:


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Why Did Approval Take So Long?

Let’s Review Translating First

  • There are two basic methods of translating that are generally accepted. They are:

    Formal Equivalence

    Formal equivalence holds true to the

    form of the words.


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Why Did Approval Take So Long?

Let’s Review Translating First

  • There are two basic methods of translating that are generally accepted. They are:

    Dynamic Equivalence

    Dynamic equivalence uses the

    form of the words , but also allows for interpretation of the force of the meaning.


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Let’s Examine This Passage from the Acts of the Apostles

On thefirst day of the week when we

gathered to break bread, Paul spoke to

them because he was going to leave on the

next day, and kept on speaking until

midnight.

Acts 20:7


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Let’s Examine This Passage from the Acts of the Apostles

On Sunday when we gathered to break

bread, Paul spoke to them because he was

going to leave on the next day, and kept on

speaking until midnight.

Acts 20:7


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Let’s Examine This Passage from the Acts of the Apostles

On the Lord’s Day when we gathered to

Break bread, Paul spoke to them because

he was going to leave on the next day, and

kept on speaking until midnight.

Acts 20:7


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Let’s Examine This Passage from the Acts of the Apostles

On Saturday evening when we gathered to

break bread, Paul spoke to them because

he was going to leave on the next day, and

kept on speaking until midnight.

Acts 20:7


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What Is Changing?

During the 30 years between 1970 and the release of the Third Edition of the Roman Missal, many Church leaders, theologians, and scholars studied the English translation. In general they concluded that the English translation varied too greatly from the Latin edition and the translations into other languages.


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What Is Changing?

  • The first edition (1969) and the second edition (1975) of the Roman Missal were translated into English using Dynamic Equivalence.

  • The third edition of the Roman Missal needed to be translated with close adherence to Formal Equivalence.


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What Werethe Guidelines for Translation?

Two Church documents gave guidance to the latest translation. The first is:

  • “Liturgiam Authenticam” (March 2001)

    • Set Latin as the model from which all translations are to be made.

    • Directed that conformity to formal equivalence be used for the translations.


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What Werethe Guidelines for Translation?

The second is:

  • “Ratio Translationis” (English Version: 2007)

    • The texts of the revised translations of the Roman Missal need to be marked by a heightened style of English speech and a grammatical structure that closely follows the Latin text.

    • Care must be taken in translating person, number, and gender.


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Let’s see how this new translation will

affect the five parts of the Mass.

  • Introductory Rites

  • Liturgy of the Word

  • Liturgy of the Eucharist

  • Communion Rite

  • Concluding Rites, and then

  • How will music be impacted?


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Revised Mass Texts

The WORDS we say at Mass are

undergoing a revised translation.

The FLOW of the Mass is not changing.


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Introductory Rites

They formally introduce the Mass, get us ready to listen intently to the Liturgy of God’s Word, and then prepare us as we gather at the table of the Lord for the Liturgy of the Eucharist.


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Introductory Rites

Entrance Chant

Sign of the Cross

Greeting


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Introductory Rites

Penitential Rite

The Gloria

Opening Prayer (Collect)


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Entrance Chant

Sunday

Usually everyone sings a hymn

Weekdays

A hymn is sung; or a one-sentence antiphon is prayed (new)


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Entrance Chant

Translation

Faithful to the Latin, constant in style, consistent in vocabulary.


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Sign of the Cross

No change in words or gestures

All make the gesture together

Priest says the words, people respond with ‘Amen’


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Greeting (Form A)

Options include 3 different formulas, the

best known is Form A

“ The Lord be with you”

The new response is

“And with your spirit

Same response is used throughout the Mass


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Greeting

This is a closer translation to Latin

”Et Cum Spiritu Tuo”

This revision matches response in other major languages.


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Greeting

English “Goodbye” comes from “God be with you.”

Other possible greetings include:


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Greeting (Form B)

Present

New

The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and thecommunionof the Holy Spirit be with you all.

The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.


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Greeting (Form C)

Present

New

Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

The grace and peace of God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ be with you


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Penitential Rite

There are presently three options for the introduction, they will be replaced by a single option


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Introduction

Present

New

Brethren(Brothers and sisters),let us acknowledge our sins, and so prepare ourselvesto celebrate the sacred mysteries

My brothers and sisters, to prepare ourselves to celebrate the sacred mysteries, let us call to mind our sins.


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Penitential Rite

There are 3 options

Option A-The Confiteor

Concludes with “Lord have mercy” or “Kyrie eleison”


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Confiteor (Option A)

Present

New

I confess to almighty Godand to you, my brothers and sisters, that I have greatly sinned

I confess to almighty God,and to you, my brothers and sisters, that I have sinned through my own fault


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Confiteor

Present

New

in my thoughts and in my words,in what I have doneand in what I have failed to do,

in my thoughts and in my words,in what I have done,and in what I have failed to do;


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Confiteor

Present

New

through my fault, through my fault,through my most grievous fault;therefore I ask blessed Mary ever-Virgin,

and I ask blessed Mary, ever virgin,


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Confiteor

Present

New

all the Angels and Saints,and you, my brothers and sisters,to pray for me to the Lord our God.

all the angels and saints,and you, my brothers and sisters,to pray for me to the Lord our God.


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Penitential Rite

Option B is completely rewritten


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Option B

Present

New

Priest: Have mercy on us, O Lord.

People:For we have sinned against you.

Priest: Lord, we have sinned against you: Lord, have mercy.

People: Lord, have mercy.


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Option B

Present

New

Priest: Show us, O Lord, your mercy.

People: And grant us your salvation

Priest: Lord, show us your mercy and love.

People: And grant us your salvation


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Option C

Option C is completely rewritten

One example is included

Option to use the Greek text:

“Kyrie eleison, Christeeleison, Kyrie eleison”


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Option C

Present

New

You were sent to heal the contriteof heart: Lord, have mercy. You came to call sinners:Christ, have mercy.

You were sent to heal the contrite: Lord have mercy

You came to call sinners: Christ, have mercy.


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Option C

Present

New

You are seated at the right hand of the Father to intercede for us: Lord, have mercy.

You plead for us at the right hand of the Father: Lord, have mercy.


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Penitential Rite

All of these choices may be replaced with the “Rite of Blessing and Sprinkling of Water.”

This rite is especially encouraged during the Easter season.


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The Gloria

TheGloria should be sung; though it may be recited.

The people may alternate with the choir, or the choir may sing it alone. It may be intoned by the priest, the cantor, or the choir.


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The Gloria

The first portion is completely rewritten. It is humbler and more modest. It acknowledges the Majesty of God and presents a human being talking to the God who made us.


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The Gloria

It captures the awesome mystery of the dialogue between the “Created” and the “Creator”.

In the opening line we hear an echo of the angels announcing Peace at the birth of Jesus (the Christmas Story).


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The Gloria

All descriptions of God restored.

Demonstrates great experiences of meeting God in prayer.


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The Gloria

The new translations makes plural

“You take away the sinsof the world”

This shows that Jesus takes away, not just generic sin from the world, but individual, personal sins are forgiven.

The last, long sentence remains the same


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The Gloria

Present

New

Glory to God in the highest,and on earth peace to people of good will.

Glory to God in the highest,and peace to his people on earth.


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The Gloria

Present

New

We praise you, we bless you, we adore you, we glorify you, we give you thanks

Lord God, heavenly King,almighty God and Father,we worship you, we give you thanks,


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The Gloria

Present

New

for your great glory, Lord God, heavenly King,O God, almighty Father.

we praise you for your glory.Lord Jesus Christ,only Son of the Father,


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The Gloria

Present

New

Lord Jesus Christ, Only Begotten Son,Lord God, Lamb of God,Son of the Father,

Lord God, Lamb of God,


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The Gloria

Present

New

you take away the sins of the world, have mercy on us;you take away the sins of the world, receive our prayer;

you take away the sin of the world: have mercy on us;


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The Gloria

Present

New

you are seated at the right hand of the Father, have mercy on us.For you alone are the Holy One,

you are seated at the right hand of the Father: receive our prayer.For you alone are the Holy One,


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The Gloria

Present

New

you alone are the Lord, you alone are the Most High, Jesus Christ, with the Holy Spirit,in the glory of God the Father. Amen

you alone are the Lord, you alone are the Most High, Jesus Christ, with the Holy Spirit,in the glory of God the Father. Amen

.


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Opening Prayer (Collect)

All (Collects) Opening Prayers being completely retranslated.

Sentences are longer and more complex and will sound different than current prayers.


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Opening Prayer (Collect)

Currently opening prayers conclude

“We ask this through our Lord Jesus Christ”

This is being revised to make the role of the Persons of the Trinity more precise.


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The Roman Missal

The Liturgy of

the Word


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The Liturgy of the Word

Readings

Homily

Creed

Prayer of the Faithful


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Readings

Old Testament

Responsorial Psalm

New Testament

Gospel


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Readings

In the readings, the table of God's word is prepared for the faithful, and the riches of the Bible are opened to them. Hence, it is preferable to maintain the arrangement of the biblical readings, by which light is shed on the unity of both Testaments and of salvation history.


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Readings

Moreover, it is unlawful to substitute other, non-biblical texts for the readings and responsorial Psalm.

In the celebration of the Mass with a congregation, the readings are always proclaimed from the ambo.


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Readings

The function of proclaiming the readings is ministerial, not presidential. The readings, therefore, should be proclaimed by two lectors on Sundays and major feast days, and the Gospel by a deacon or, in his absence, a priest other than the celebrant.


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First Reading

On Sundays and major feast days the first readings usually taken from the Old Testament, though during the Easter season the Acts of the Apostles is used.On week days, the First reading is taken from both the Old Testament and the non-Gospel portions of the New Testament. A marked silence follows the reading.


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Responsorial Psalm

After the first reading comes the responsorial Psalm, which is an integral part of the Liturgy of the Word and holds great liturgical and pastoral importance, because it fosters meditation on the word of God.


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Responsorial Psalm

The responsorial Psalm should correspond to each reading and should, as a rule, be taken from the Lectionary. In the United States, it is permissible to replace the listed Psalm with a seasonal one. It is preferable that the responsorial Psalm be sung.


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Second Reading

On Sundays and major feast days the second readings is taken from the non-Gospel portion of the New Testament.

A marked silence should follow the reading.


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Missale Romanum (1962)

The pre-Vatican Missale Romanum (1962) contained only two readings and was based on an annual cycle and a minimum of alternative readings for special occasions.


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Lectionary for Mass

The readings used are contained in the Lectionary for Mass. The current Lectionary is a fruit of the Vatican II. It is based on a three year cycle for Sunday celebrations and a two year cycle for week days.


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“Old” vs “New”

Missale Romanum

Lectionary

Uses 14 % of Old Testament. 43 of 46 books cited.

Used 1 % of Old Testament, 8 of 46 books cited.


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“Old” vs “New”

Missale Romanum

Lectionary

Uses 55 % of non-Gospel portion of the New Testament.

All 23 books cited.

Used 11 % of non-Gospel portion of the New Testament.

14 of the 23 books cited.


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“Old” vs “New”

Missale Romanum

Lectionary

Uses 90 % of the Gospels

Matthew 86%

Mark 96%

Luke 88%

John 92%

Used 22 % of the Gospels.

Matthew 35%

Mark 3%

Luke 16%

John 30%


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Gospel

The proclamation of the Gospel is the high point of the Liturgy of the Word. The Liturgy itself teaches that great reverence is to be shown to it by setting it off from the other readings with special marks of honor. This includes a Gospel Acclamation (Alleliua) as the Gospel book is in procession to the ambo.


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Gospel

The minister appointed to proclaim it prepares himself by a blessing or prayer; the Faithful, standing as they listen to it being proclaimed, and their acclamations acknowledge and confess Christ present among them.


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Gospel Responses

Present

New

Deacon (or Priest): The Lord be with you.

People: And with your spirit.

Deacon (or Priest): The Lord be with you.

People: And also with you.


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Gospel Responses

Present

Deacon (or Priest): A reading from the holy Gospel according to N.

People: Glory to you, Lord.

New

Deacon (or Priest):

A reading from the holy Gospel according to N.

People: Glory to you, OLord.


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Homily

The Homily should ordinarily be given by the priest celebrant himself. He may entrust it to a concelebrating priest or the deacon, but never to a lay person.

There is to be a Homily on Sundays and holy days of obligation at all Masses that are celebrated with the participation of a congregation; it may not be omitted without a serious reason. It is highly recommended on other days.


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Homily

It should be an exposition of some aspect of the readings from Sacred Scripture or of another text from the Ordinary or from the Proper of the Mass of the day and should take into account both the mystery being celebrated and the particular needs of the listeners.

After the Homily a brief period of silence is observed.


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Profession of Faith

The purpose of the Profession of Faith, or Creed, is that the whole gathered people may respond to the word of God proclaimed in the readings and explained in the homily. They may also call to mind and confess the great mysteries of the faith by reciting the rule of faith before these mysteries are celebrated in the Eucharist.


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Profession of Faith

The Creed is to be sung or prayed by the priest together with the people on Sundays and Solemnities. It may be prayed also at particular celebrations of a more solemn character.If it is sung, it is begun by the priest or, if this is appropriate, by a cantor or by the choir. It is sung, however, either by all together or by the people alternating with the choir.


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Nicene Creed

Present

Webelieve in one God, the Father, the Almighty, maker of heaven and earth, of all that is seen and unseen.

New

Ibelieve in one God, the Father almighty, maker of heaven and earth, of allthings visible and invisible.


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Nicene Creed

Present

Webelieve in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only Son of God, eternally begotten of the Father,

New

Ibelievein one Lord Jesus Christ, the OnlyBegotten Son of God,born of the Father before all ages.


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Nicene Creed

Present

God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God, begotten, not made,

New

God from God, Light from Light,true God from true God, begotten, not made,


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Nicene Creed

Present

One in being with the Father.

Through him all things were made.

New

consubstantial with the Father; through Him all things were made.


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Nicene Creed

Present

For us men and for our salvation he came down from heaven: *by the power of the Holy Spirit he was born of the Virgin Mary, and became man.*

New

For us men and for our salvation he came down from heaven, *and by the Holy Spiritwas incarnate of the Virgin Mary, and became man.*


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Nicene Creed

Present

For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate; he suffered, died, and was buried.

.

New

For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate, he suffered death and was buried,


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Nicene Creed

Present

On the third day he rose again in fulfillment of the Scriptures;

.

New

and rose again on the third day inaccordance with the Scriptures.


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Nicene Creed

Present

he ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father.

.

New

He ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father.


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Nicene Creed

Present

He will come again in gloryto judge the living and the dead, and his kingdom will have no end.

New

He will come again in gloryto judge the living and the dead and his kingdom will have no end.


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Nicene Creed

Present

We believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father and the Son.

New

Ibelieve in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father and the Son,


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Nicene Creed

Present

With the Father and the Son he is worshiped and glorified.

He has spoken through the Prophets.

New

whowith the Father and the Sonis adoredand glorified, who has spoken through the prophets.


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Nicene Creed

Present

We believe in one holy catholic and apostolic Church.

We acknowledge one baptism for the forgiveness of sins.

New

I believe in one, holy, catholic and apostolic Church.I confessone baptism for the forgiveness of sins


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Nicene Creed

Present

We look for theresurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come. Amen.

New

and I look forward tothe resurrection of the dead and the life of the world to come. Amen.


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Apostles’ Creed

Present

I believe in God, the Father almighty, creator of heaven and earth.

I believe in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord.

New

I believe in God, the Father almighty, Creator of heaven and earth,andin Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord,


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Apostles’ Creed

Present

He was conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit and born of the Virgin Mary.

New

who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary,


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Apostles’ Creed

Present

He suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried.

New

suffered under Pontius Pilate,was crucified, died and was buried;


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Apostles’ Creed

Present

He descendedto the dead. On the third day he rose again.He ascended into heaven,

New

he descended into hell;on the third day he rose again from the dead;he ascended into heaven,


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Apostles’ Creed

Present

and is seated at the right hand of the Father.

He will come again to judge the living and the dead.

Newand is seated at the right hand ofGodthe Fatheralmighty; from there he will come to judge the living and the dead.


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Apostles’ Creed

Present

I believe in the Holy Spirit,the holy catholic Church,the communion of saints,

New

I believe in the Holy Spirit,the holy catholic Church,the communion of saints,


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Apostles’ Creed

Present

the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, andthelife everlasting.

Amen.

New

the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and life everlasting.

Amen.


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Prayer of the Faithful

In the Prayer of the Faithful, the people respond in a certain way to the word of God which they have welcomed in faith and offer prayers to God for the salvation of all. It is fitting that such a prayer be included, as a rule, in Masses celebrated with a congregation.


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Prayer of the Faithful

It is for the celebrant to direct this prayer from the chair. He begins it with a brief introduction, by which he invites the faithful to pray, and likewise he concludes it with a prayer.

The intentions announced should be sober, succinct, and they should express the prayer of the entire community.


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Prayer of the Faithful

The intentions are announced from the ambo or from another suitable place, by the deacon or one of the lay faithful.

As a rule, the series of intentions is to be

1. For the needs of the Church

2. For public authorities and the salvation

of the whole world


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Prayer of the Faithful

3. For those burdened by any kind of

difficulty

4. For the local community

5. Other needs and intentions



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Liturgy of the Eucharist

  • Preparation of the Gifts

    • Inaudible and audible preparatory prayers said by the priest at the altar (the Collects)

  • Prayer Over the Offerings

  • Eucharistic Prayer

    • Eucharistic Prayers: Origins and fitting times for use

    • Eight elements common to all Eucharistic Prayer


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Elements of the Eucharistic Prayer

Thanksgiving

Acclamation

Epiclesis

Institution Narrative

Offering

Anamnesis

Intercessions

Final Doxology


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The Church has arranged the entire celebration of the Liturgy of the Eucharist in parts corresponding to precisely these words and actions of Christ:


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“Take and eat, this is my body; Liturgy of the Eucharist in parts corresponding to precisely these words and actions of Christ:

drink from it all of you , for this is my blood of the covenant, which will be shed on behalf of many for the forgiveness of sins.”

Matthew 26: 26-28


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The Liturgy of the Word and the Liturgy of the Eucharist, are so closely interconnected that they form but one single act of worship.

General Instruction of the Roman Missal (GIRM, 4)


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The Liturgy of the Eucharist begins with the preparation of the altar -“the center of the whole liturgy of the Eucharist”


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The gifts are brought forward in procession by some of the faithful accompanied by the Offertory chant that continues at least until the gifts are placed on the altar.


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Preparation of the Gifts faithful accompanied by the Offertory chant that continues at least until the gifts are placed on the altar.

Once received by the priest or deacon at an appropriate place, the priest places the bread and wine on the altar to the accompaniment of the prescribed formulas.


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Preparation of the Gifts faithful accompanied by the Offertory chant that continues at least until the gifts are placed on the altar.

Current Text

New Text

Blessed are you, Lord God of all creation, forthrough your goodness wehavereceived the bread we offer you:fruit of the earth and work of human hands, it will become for us the bread of life.

Blessed are you, Lord, God of all creation. Through your goodness we have this bread to offer, which earth has given and human hands have made. It will become for us the bread of life.


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If no offertory song is sung, the priest has the option of saying the prayer aloud; then the faithful (remaining seated) may respond:

"Blessed be God forever"



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‘By the mystery of this water and wine may we come to share in the divinity of Christ, who humbled himself to share in our humanity.’


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Prayer at the Preparation of the Gifts share in the divinity of Christ, who humbled himself to share in our humanity.’

Blessed are you, Lord, God of all creation. Through your goodness we have this wine to offer, fruit of the vine and work of human hands. It will become for us our spiritual drink.

Blessed are you, Lord God of all creation, forthrough your goodness we have received the wine we offer you:fruit of the vine and work of human hands it will become our spiritual drink.


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If no offertory song is sung, the priest has the option of saying the prayer aloud; then the faithful (remaining seated) may respond:

“Blessed be God forever”



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Prayer at the Preparation of the Gifts profoundly and says quietly:

LordGod, we ask you to receive us and be pleased with the sacrifice we offer you with humble and contrite hearts.

With humble spirit and contrite heart may we be accepted by you, O Lord, and may our sacrifice in your sight this day be pleasing to you, Lord God.


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Prayer at the Preparation of the Gifts profoundly and says quietly:

Lord, wash away my iniquity; cleanse me from my sin.

Wash me, O Lord,from my iniquity and cleanse me from my sin.


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‘Pray, brethren’ profoundly and says quietly:

Pray, brethren,

that our sacrifice may be acceptable to God, the almighty Father.

Pray, brethren (brothers and sisters),that my sacrifice and yours may be acceptable to God, the almighty Father.


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The people, who have remained seated during this preparatory rite, stand, and respond:

‘May the Lord accept the sacrifice at your hands for the praise and glory of his name, for our good and the good of all his holychurch.’.


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Prayer Over the Offerings rite, stand, and respond:

The priest recites the Prayer Over the Offerings which has 2 options for the conclusion.

Uniting themselves to this entreaty, the faithful remain standing and respond:

‘Amen’


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The Prayer over the Offerings concludes the preparatory rites and prepare for the Eucharistic Prayer.


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Opening Dialogue rites and prepare for the Eucharistic Prayer.

The Eucharistic Prayer begins with a solemn exchange of lines between the priest and the gathered faithful (standing) in the lifting up of hearts to the Lord in thanksgiving and praise.


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As the priest begins the Eucharistic Prayer, he sings or says:

V.The Lord be with you.

R.And with your spirit.

V.Lift up your hearts.

R. We lift them up to the Lord.

V.Let us give thanks to the Lord our God.

R.It is right and just.


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Eucharistic Prayer says:

  • The center and summit of the entire celebration

  • Prayer of thanksgiving as well as sanctification and demands that all prayerfully listen to it with reverence and in silence.


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Eucharistic Prayer says:

We pray to God the Father, through the Son, that the Holy Spirit will come and change the bread and wine into His Body and Blood so that we may enter into Holy Communion with God and one another - that we truly "may be filled with the Holy Spirit and become One Body, One Spirit in Christ."


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  • All Eucharistic Prayers cited in the says:Third Edition of Roman Missal have new translations:

    • Eucharistic Prayers I – IV

    • Eucharistic Prayers for two Masses of Reconciliation

    • One Eucharistic Prayer for Masses for Various Needs and Occasions


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While the priest has the freedom of choosing which Eucharistic Prayer to use during the celebration of the Mass, there are solid liturgical guidelines, aspects of liturgical practice and theology that make some prayers more fitting to the occasion than others:


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Eucharistic Prayer I Eucharistic Prayer to use during the celebration of the Mass, there are solid liturgical guidelines, aspects of liturgical practice and theology that make some prayers more fitting to the occasion than others:

Especially fitting for use:

  • On Sundays

  • When a special phrase denoting the nature of the celebration may be inserted into it

  • Christmas-Holy Thursday- the Octave at Easter


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Eucharistic Prayer II Eucharistic Prayer to use during the celebration of the Mass, there are solid liturgical guidelines, aspects of liturgical practice and theology that make some prayers more fitting to the occasion than others:

  • Origins traced to third/fourth century

  • Shortest Eucharistic Prayer

  • Designed especially for weekday Mass


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Eucharistic Prayer III Eucharistic Prayer to use during the celebration of the Mass, there are solid liturgical guidelines, aspects of liturgical practice and theology that make some prayers more fitting to the occasion than others:

  • Newly composed and especially fitting for use on Sundays and feast days


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Eucharistic Eucharistic Prayer to use during the celebration of the Mass, there are solid liturgical guidelines, aspects of liturgical practice and theology that make some prayers more fitting to the occasion than others:Prayer IV

  • Based on a 4th century prayer

  • More complete summary of salvation history

  • Designed for use during Ordinary Time


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Special Occasions Eucharistic Prayer to use during the celebration of the Mass, there are solid liturgical guidelines, aspects of liturgical practice and theology that make some prayers more fitting to the occasion than others:

Some Eucharistic Prayers were designed for special occasions such as:

Two Masses of Reconciliation written for the Jubilee Year of 1975 and are used during Lent


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Eucharistic Prayer for Masses for Various Needs and Occasions

  • The Third Edition of the Roman Missal includes a section with prayers for different intentions (civil authority, those living unjustly, religious vocations, etc.)

  • With four variations, each have its own preface and changeable part within the body of the prayer

  • Appropriate for weekday Mass


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Eucharistic Prayers for Masses With Children Occasions

Eucharistic Prayers for Masses With Children have been omitted from the Third Edition of the Roman Missal . To date, no revisions have been printed.

The current three options may still be used for Masses With Children.


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Elements of the OccasionsEucharistic Prayer

Thanksgiving

Acclamation

Epiclesis

Institution Narrative

Offering

Anamnesis

Intercessions

Final Doxology


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Thanksgiving Occasions

The priest, in the name of the entire holy people, glorifies God the Father giving thanks for the whole work of salvation or for some special aspect of it that corresponds to the day, festivity, or season.


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Acclamation Occasions

The whole congregation joins their prayer of universal praise to God with the armies of angels, in singing or saying the Holy, Holy, Holy:


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Holy, Holy, Holy Occasions

‘Holy, Holy, Holy Lord God of hosts, heaven and earth are full of your glory, Hosanna in the highest. Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord, Hosanna in the highest.’


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In the United States, people should kneel immediately after the Holy, Holy, Holy until after the Great Amen of the Eucharistic Prayer, except when prevented on occasion due to health or other good reason.


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Epiclesis the

By means of particular invocations, the priest asks the Holy Spirit to come down upon the gifts transforming them into Christ’s Body and Blood, and that the sacrificial Victim to be received in Communion be for the salvation of those who will partake of it.

All invocations have been re-translated


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Institution Narrative the

By means of the sacred words and actions of Christ, the pure Sacrifice is then carried out which Christ himself instituted at the Last Supper, when he offered his Body and Blood under the species of bread and wine, gave them to his Apostles to eat and drink, and left them the command to perpetuate this same mystery.


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Eucharistic Prayer III: the Institution Narrative

On the night he was betrayed, he took bread and gave you thanks and praise. He broke the bread, gave it to his disciples, and said:

For on the night he was betrayed hehimself took bread, and givingyou thanks he said the blessing, broke the bread and gave it to his disciples, saying:


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Words of Consecration the

Take this, all of you and eat it:

This is my body which will be given up for you.

Take this all of you and eat ofit:

Forthis is my body which will be given up for you.


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Eucharistic Prayer III: the Institution Narrative

When supper was ended, he took the cup, again he gave you thanks 

and praise, gave the cup to his disciples, and said:

In a similar way, when supper was ended, he took the chalice, and

giving you thanks

he said the blessing, andgavethe chaliceto his disciples,saying:


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Words of Consecration the

Take this, all of you, and drink from it: this is the cup of my blood, the blood of the new and everlasting covenant.  It will be shed for you and  for all so that sins may be forgiven.  Do this in memory of me.

Take this, all of you, and drink from it: for this is the chalice of my Blood, the Blood of the new and eternal covenant; which will be poured out for you and for many for the forgiveness of sins.  Do this in memory of me.


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The Mystery of Faith the

  • Immediately after the Consecration and display of the consecrated elements to the people , the priest announces "the mystery of faith”

  • “Let us proclaim” has been omitted from the Third Edition of the Roman Missal

  • The whole congregation responds to the sacrifice of the on the altar by proclaiming one of the following three newly translated acclamations:


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A- ‘ the We proclaim your death, O Lord, and profess your Resurrection until you come again.’


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B- the ‘When we eat this Bread and drink this Cup, we proclaim your death, O Lord, until you come again.’


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C- the ‘Save us, Savior of the world, for by your Cross and Resurrection, you have set us free.’


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Anamnesis the

The Church proclaims the Death and Resurrection of Christ until He comes again.


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Offering the

The Church—and in particular the Church here and now gathered—offers in the Holy Spirit not only the spotless Victim but also themselves to the Father.


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Intercessions the

Expression is given to the fact that the Eucharist is celebrated in communion with the entire Church, of heaven as well as of earth, and that the offering is made for her and for all her members, living and dead, who have been called to participate in the redemption and the salvation purchased by Christ’s Body and Blood.


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The priest lifting up the paten with the host and the deacon (if present) the chalice, sings the Final Doxology:


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Final Doxology (if present) the chalice, sings the Final Doxology:

Through him, with him, in him, in the unity of the Holy Spirit, all glory and honor is yours, 

almighty Father,

for ever and ever.

Through him,and 

with him,and in him,

 O God, almighty Father, in the unity of the Holy Spirit, all glory and honor is yours, for ever and ever.


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The Great Amen (if present) the chalice, sings the Final Doxology:

The perfect glorification of God is expressed, confirmed, and concluded by the people’s acclamation:

‘Amen’


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The Communion Rite (if present) the chalice, sings the Final Doxology:


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Introduction (if present) the chalice, sings the Final Doxology:

The Communion Rite begins with the Lord’s Prayer and continues through the Prayer after Communion or Collect.

  • The Communion Rite is that part of the Mass at which we partake of the Body and Blood of Christ.

  • It is at this time that we come forth to receive our spiritual nourishment for our souls and for our very lives.


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The (if present) the chalice, sings the Final Doxology:RITUAL surrounding the sharing of Holy Communion will not be changing.

  • You will however, find some of the wording to be different.


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The Lord’s Prayer (if present) the chalice, sings the Final Doxology:

The Priest prays a brief invitation and then invites everyone to pray the Lord’s prayer together.

  • The Lord’s Prayer itself, is not changing. The same words will be prayed which we have prayed all through our Christian lives. This is the ONLY text of the Mass that retains the old English pronoun (Thy) in thy will be done.


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  • The reason for the Lord’s Prayer remaining the same is that it has achieved a level of holiness that cannot be replaced.

  • The Acclamation which concludes the Lord’s Prayer will also remain the same.

  • We will still pray: “For the Kingdom/the power and the glory are yours, now and forever.”


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Changes to the Priest’s parts that it has

Present

Let us pray with confidence to the Father in the words our Savior gave us:

New

At the Savior’s command and formed by divine teaching, we dare to say:


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Changes to the Priest’s parts that it has

Embolism

Deliver us Lord from every evil and grant us peace in our day. In mercy keep us free from sin and protect us

Embolism

Deliver us Lord, we pray from every evil,graciously grant peace in our days, that by the help ofyour mercy, we may be always free from sin and safe


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Changes to the Priest’s parts that it has

Embolism

from all anxiety as we wait in joyful hope for the coming of our Savior, Jesus Christ.

Embolism

from all distressas we await theblessedhope and the coming of our Savior Jesus Christ.

In this is echoed the words of St. Paul to Titus 2:13, which affirms that Christ has come and that we await the blessed hope of His return.


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Prayer for Peace that it has

  • The priest prays to Jesus for peace and unity in the church.

  • There are some changes in the text prayed by the priest.


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Prayer for Peace that it has

Present

Lord Jesus Christ, you said to your apostles: I leave you peace, my peace I give you. Look not on our sins, but on the faith

New

Lord Jesus Christ,who said to your Apostles, Peace I leave you, my peace I give you, look not on our sins, but on the faith


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Prayer for Peace that it has

Present

Of your Church and grant us the peace and unity of your kingdom, where you live for ever and ever

New

Of your Church and graciously grant her peace and unity in accordance with your will. Who live and reign for ever and ever

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Prayer for Peace that it has

  • The Priest or Deacon will invite the Congregation to share peace as usual


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Sign of Peace that it has

Present

Priest: The peace of the Lord be with you always.

People: And also with you.

New

Priest: The peace of the Lord be with you always.

People: And with your spirit.


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Lamb of God ( that it has Agnus Dei)

  • The words to the Lamb of God will not change.

  • The Priest elevates the consecrated hosts and prays:


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Lamb of God that it has

Present

Priest: This is the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world. Happy are those who are called to his supper.

New

Priest: Beholdthe Lamb of God. Behold him who takes away the sins of the world.

Blessed are those called to the supper of the Lamb.


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Lamb of God that it has

Present

People: Lord, I am not worthy to receive you, but only say the word and I shall be healed.

New

People: Lord, I am not worthy that you should enter under my roof, but only say the word and my soulshall be healed.


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Lamb of God that it has

  • The use of the phrase: “Behold the Lamb of God,” is closer to the Latin and is a more direct allusion to Jn. 1: 29, where John the Baptist points out Jesus to his followers.

  • The word Happyis changed to Blessed.


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Lamb of God that it has

  • This change makes clearer the allusion to Rev. 19:9.

  • Here the angel in the vision has John write down the words that proclaimed Blessedall those called to the wedding banquet of the Lamb.


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Lamb of God that it has

  • The reply makes two changes: “To receive you” becomes “that you should enter under my roof.”

  • This makes a direct connection to Matt. 8:8 and Luke 7:6 where a Gentile Centurion has asked Jesus to heal his servant. Jesus intends to go to his house but the Centurion believes himself unworthy to have Jesus come there.


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Lamb of God that it has

  • The word, roof, is not to be thought of as the roof of one’s mouth, but rather as connected to the Centurion’s humility.

  • The prayer highlight our unworthiness to have him enter the place where we live.


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Lamb of God that it has

  • Another change to this text is “I” shall be healed becomes “My Soul.”

  • Soul is restored to wherever it appear in Latin.

  • “My Soul” implies spiritual healing that alone can cure “my soul.”


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Holy Communion that it has

  • When we receive Holy Communion, there will be no change to the words.

  • We will still make a profound bow.

  • We will still hear,

    “The Body of Christ”

    “The Blood of Christ”


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Holy Communion that it has

We will still respond “Amen” to each.

We should still sing during the Communion Procession.

The Communion Song should be sung until the last person has received.

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Prayer after Communion that it has

  • Before the Collect, there should be a time of silence.

  • A reflective song can be sung during this time.

  • The Communion Rite concludes with the Prayer after Communion (Collect).


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Prayer after Communion that it has

We will hear the same invitation: “Let us Pray.”

The translation of the prayer will be new and will conclude in the same way, prompting the assembly to respond “Amen.”

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The Concluding Rite that it has

  • Brief announcements may be made from the Presider’s chair after the Collect and before the Dismissal.

  • If the priest is using a Prayer over the people or a Solemn Blessing he or the Deacon will invite you to bow your heads as you hear the words. You will still respond with either one or three “Amen/s.”


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The Concluding Rite that it has

Present

Priest: “The Lord be with you,”

Assembly: “And also with you.”

New

Priest: “The Lord be with you,”

Assembly: “And with your spirit.”


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The Concluding Rite that it has

  • The Dismissal Rite remains as is with new options particular to the Priest or Deacon.

  • When Mass concludes, we do not just leave the church, we enter the world with a mission.


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The Dismissal that it has

  • “God forth, the Mass is ended.”

  • “Go and announce the Gospel of the Lord.”

  • “Go in peace, glorifying the Lord by your life.”

  • “Go in peace.”

  • We respond “Thanks be to God”


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MUSIC FOR THE MASSES that it has

Let us be ready by Advent 2011

Points taken from

“Sing to the Lord!”


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Discernment of music that it has

In discerning the quality of liturgical music seek guidance from the Church’s treasury of sacred music.

New settings of the ordinary will be required.


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The Principle of that it has Progressive Solemnity

Progressive solemnity means that “between the solemn, fuller form of liturgical celebration, in which everything that demands singing is in fact sung, and the simplest form, in which singing is not used, there can be various degrees according to the greater or lesser place allotted to singing.”


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The Principle of that it has Progressive Solemnity

Progressive solemnity includes not only the nature and style of the music, but how many and which parts of the rite are to be sung.

Greater feasts such as Easter Sunday or Pentecost might suggest a chanted Gospel, but a recited Gospel might be more appropriate for Ordinary Time.


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The Principle of that it has Progressive Solemnity

  • Musical selections and the use of additional instruments reflect the liturgical season, feast, or solemnity that is being celebrated.

  • Solemnities and feasts invite more solemnity.


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The Principle of that it has Progressive Solemnity

Certain musical selections are more capable of expressing this solemnity, adding an extraordinary richness to these special celebrations.

The most solemn musical expressions retain their primary responsibility of engaging human hearts in the mystery of Christ that is being celebrated on a particular occasion by the Church.


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The Principle of that it has Progressive Solemnity

At other times, the liturgical season calls for a certain musical restraint.

In Advent, musical instruments should be used with moderation and should not anticipate the full joy of the Nativity of the Lord.

In Lent, musical instruments should be used only to support the singing of the gathered assembly.


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The Parts to Be Sung that it has

Singing by the gathered assembly and ministers is important at all celebrations. Not every part that can be sung should necessarily be sung at every celebration;

“Preference should be given to those [parts] that are of greater importance.”


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The Parts to Be Sung that it has

Dialogues and Acclamations

Dialogues such as

The Lord be with you……

And with your spirit.

The Gospel Acclamation, as well as the Eucharistic acclamations including the Sanctus, the Memorial Acclamation, and the Great Amen.


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The Parts to Be Sung that it has

  • Antiphons and Psalms

    • The psalms are poems of praise that are meant, whenever possible, to be sung.


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The Parts to Be Sung that it has

Refrains and Repeated Responses

The Liturgy also has texts of a litanic character that may be sung as appropriate.

These include the Kyrie and Agnus Dei of the Mass, the response to the Prayer of the Faithful at Mass, and the Litany of the Saints in various rites.


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The Parts to Be Sung that it has

Hymns

Appropriate to the season

Reflecting the teaching of the readings of the day

The role of music is to serve the needs of the Liturgy and not to dominate, seek to entertain, or draw attention to itself or the musicians.


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The Parts to Be Sung that it has

  • There are instances when the praise and adoration of God leads to music taking on a far greater dimension. At other times, simplicity is the most appropriate response.

  • The primary role of music in the Liturgy is to help the members of the gathered assembly to join themselves with the action of Christ and to give voice to the gift of faith.


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Musical Quality that it has The Three Judgments

The Liturgical Judgment

Is this composition capable of meeting the structural and textual requirements set forth for this particular rite?


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Musical Quality that it has The Three Judgments

The Pastoral Judgment

Does a musical composition promote the sanctification of the members of the liturgical assembly by drawing them closer to the holy mysteries being celebrated?


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Musical Quality that it has The Three Judgments

  • Does it strengthen their formation in faith by opening their hearts to the mystery being celebrated on this occasion or in this season?

  • Is it capable of expressing the faith that God has planted in their hearts and summoned them to celebrate?


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Musical Quality that it has The Three Judgments

The Musical Judgment

Is this composition technically, aesthetically, and expressively worthy?

Does this music stand the test of time?

In recent times, the Church has consistently recognized and freely welcomed the use of various styles of music as an aid to liturgical worship.


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Settings of the Mass Parts that it has

Check out the following Websites

http://www.npm.org/Chants/index.html

http://www.revisedromanmissal.org/

http://www.usccb.org/romanmissal/

Seek free assembly additions from major publishers


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First choose the music that it has

New Mass settings

Revised Mass settings

Choosing a Gloria

A setting that has no refrain or is “through composed”

Use the verse-refrain settings for more solemn occasions


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First choose the music that it has

  • Choose the best Mass settings for the occasion

    • What sounds best with the cantor/organ/keyboard/guitar

    • What has the ability to add instrumentation to “dress it up”?

    • Change Mass Settings with liturgical seasons


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Getting on the right track for Advent 2011 that it has

You must be ready by November 27, 2011! That means …..

ONLY 8 months until Advent!

Determine your timeframe for rehearsing the musicians!

Begin rehearsing choirs during Summer/Fall 2011

Consider a Summer Choir program


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Getting on the right track for Advent 2011 that it has

Practice with Priests & Deacons

Rehearse new chants

Rehearse new metrical settings of the ordinary

Make rehearsal recordings available for them


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Getting on the right track for Advent 2011 that it has

Provide many bulletin inserts and letters to the community of faith at your parish

Go and make a joyful noise unto the Lord.


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