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Electricity Generation, Storage and Distribution. Technology Presentation Peter Ellwood (HSL). Scope. Changing energy mix for electricity generation Storage of electricity from renewable and intermittent sources Distribution issues. EU Electricity Generation to 2050. Wind Energy.

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Electricity generation storage and distribution

Electricity Generation, Storage and Distribution

Technology Presentation

Peter Ellwood (HSL)


Scope
Scope

  • Changing energy mix for electricity generation

  • Storage of electricity from renewable and intermittent sources

  • Distribution issues



Wind energy
Wind Energy

  • Onshore - commercial, community, micro

  • Offshore - commercial


Eu wind energy at the end of 2013
EU Wind Energy at the end of 2013

  • Now 117.3 GW of installed wind energy capacity in the EU: 110.7 GW onshore and 6.6 GW offshore.

  • 11,159 MW of capacity (worth between €13 bn and €18 bn) was installed in the EU-28 during 2013, a decrease of 8% compared to 2012 installations.

  • EU power sector continues to move away from fuel oil and coal, with each technology continuing to decommission more than it installs.

  • Wind power capacity installed by the end of 2013 would, in a normal wind year, produce 257 TWh of electricity, enough to cover 8% of EU consumption – up from 7% at end 2012.


Future eu wind energy
Future EU Wind Energy

  • By 2020, EU wind power capacity of 230 GW, 190 GW onshore and 40 GW offshore.

  • By 2030 , EU wind power capacity of 400 GW, 250 GW onshore and 150 GW offshore.

  • Total output of 581 TWh (15.7%) by 2020, 1153.7 TWh (28.5%) by 2030 of consumption.

  • Wind sector jobs up from 190,000 to 462,000 by 2020 and 480,000 by 2030.


Solar power
Solar Power

  • Domestic

  • Commercial

  • Concentrating Solar Power

  • New build

  • Retrofit


Electricity storage
Electricity Storage

  • Batteries

  • Electric vehicles

  • Hydrogen

  • Supercapacitors

  • Pumped hydro

  • Geological storage (e.g. compressed air)

  • Flywheels

  • Liquid air


Electricity generation storage and distribution

‘BONUS WORLD’ - TRANSPORT

“Yes these ex-car batteries should be fine, no service record but never had any problem...”

“No need for guarantees... I just need 20 units for the home system”


Distributed generation
Distributed Generation

  • Solar

  • Wind

  • Fuel Cells

  • Combined Heat and Power


Electricity generation storage and distribution

‘DEEP GREEN’ – ENERGY SYSTEMS

Local bio-gas with livestock management

bio-mass landscapes with community power generation

Integrated industrial ecology systems

Autonomous housing with micro-generation


Grid technologies
Grid Technologies

  • Accurate and coordinated systems

  • Power electronic advances

  • Smart meters

  • Smart controllers

  • Infrastructure


Exercise 2
Exercise 2

  • Consider Peter’s presentation and discussions

  • Agree a potential energy sector structure (e.g. mix of generation, energy storage….etc.) and key energy technologies in your scenario

  • Agree the key technology changes for now and the associated operational issues

  • Record on feedback form