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ROAD MAP TO RA AND WRC-07. CPM-03. Following the results of WRC-03 the CPM was immediately held to craft the agenda items for WRC-07

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cpm 03
CPM-03
  • Following the results of WRC-03 the CPM was immediately held to craft the agenda items for WRC-07
  • For the last four years different ITU-R study groups and associated working parties have studying relevant technical and regulatory questions related to these agenda items in preparation for the WRC-07
  • Kenya has been actively involved in several study groups and associated working parties for the four years.

RA & WRC-07

kenya s preparations process
Kenya’s Preparations Process
  • Composition of the NPC
      • The Communications Commission of Kenya constituted the National Preparatory Committee (NPC) consisting of the 8 major spectrum users on 3rd November 2005.
      • The NPC classified related agenda items into 7 groups and formed 7 sub-committees to tackle the agenda items categorized under each group.
      • The NPC appointed the chairmen, secretaries and members of each sub-committee and mandated them to coordinate their activities and ensure all the agenda items are tackled effectively.
      • The NPC has continually organized meetings to review the activities of the sub-committees, so far it has held 4 meeting.
      • NPC has also coordinated regional harmonisation meetings with other African countries aimed at arriving at African common proposals for all WRC-07 agenda items.
      • So far, the conference preparation process has already been concluded having produced the WRC-07 Kenya delegation manual

RA & WRC-07

categorisations of agenda items
Categorisations of Agenda Items
  • Sub-committee 1 dealt all agenda items regarding the Mobile, Aeronautical Mobile, Radionavigation, and Radiolocation Services
  • Sub-committee 2 dealt all agenda items regarding space science services
  • Sub-committee 3 dealt all agenda items regarding the Fixed-Satellite, Mobile Satellite and Broadcasting-Satellite Services
  • Sub-committee 4 dealt all agenda items regarding the Fixed Service including HAPS and FSS above 3 GHz
  • Sub-committee 5 dealt all agenda items regarding the Services in LF, MF and HF bands and Maritime Mobile Service
  • Sub-committee 6 dealt all agenda items regarding the Regulatory procedures and associated technical criteria applicable to Satellite network
  • Sub-committee 7 dealt all agenda items regarding the Future WRC work programmes and other issues

RA & WRC-07

the agenda items
The Agenda Items

RA & WRC-07

common proposals
Common proposals
  • There are 29 Agenda Items for discussion of which Kenya has arrived at 15 common proposals with the East African countries
  • A meeting for come up with common proposals for the African countries in Abuja ended up discussing only one agenda item and did not achieve much even with respect to that agenda item.
  • It is therefore advisable to concentrate on the common proposals arrived at by the EAC member states and follow up any Africa Common proposals during the conference

RA & WRC-07

eac common proposals
EAC Common proposals

Agenda Item 1.3

In accordance with resolution 747 (WRC-03), to consider upgrading the radiolocation service to primary allocation status in the bands 9 000-9 200 MHz and 9 300-9 500 MHz and extending by up to 200 MHz the existing primary allocations to the earth exploration-satellite service (active) and the space research service (active) in the band 9 500-9 800 MHz without placing undue constraint on the services to which the bands are allocated

Introduction

This agenda item considers upgrading the radiolocation service (RLS) to primary allocation status in the bands 9000-9200 MHz and 9300‑9500 MHz; and extending the Earth exploration-satellite service (EESS) (active) and space research service (SRS) (active) allocations in 9500-9800 MHz by as much as 200 MHz.

Proposals

EAC/1.3/1

EAC support Method A1 which proposes an upgrade of RLS to a primary status on a worldwide basis in the frequency 9 000-9 200 MHz and 9 300‑9 500 MHz with no equal status to RNS with inclusion of a regulatory text in the RR to give priority radionavigation services over radiolocation services.

Reason

This will provide adequate spectrum for radar systems to satisfy their required emission characteristics and ensure a long-term operating and development environment for radiolocation systems.

RA & WRC-07

continued
Continued……
  • EAC/1.3/2

EAC support Method B2 which provides a primary allocation to EEES (active) and space research services SRS (active) in the frequency band 9800-10000 MHz with modification to RR No. 5.476A.

  • Reason

Primary allocation will provide sufficient bandwidth to meet emerging requirements for increased image resolution and will further avoid EEES (active) from sharing with meteorological radars that operate in the 9300-9500 MHz band.

RA & WRC-07

continued1
Continued…..

Agenda Item 1.4

To consider frequency-related matters for the future development of IMT‑2000 and systems beyond IMT‑2000 taking into account the results of ITU‑R studies in accordance with Resolution 228 (Rev.WRC‑03)

Introduction

The agenda item considers, in addition to bands already identified for IMT‑2000, candidate bands for the terrestrial and satellite components of IMT‑2000 and IMT‑Advanced.

Proposals

EAC/1.4/1

EAC support Method 1 which proposes to identify the existing spectrum for IMT-2000 and any additional spectrum generically for IMT in the RR and further provides for no change of the existing footnotes for IMT-2000 in the RR.

Reason

The use of IMT will lead to greater flexibility in choice of mobile technology

RA & WRC-07

continued2
Continued…..

EAC/1.4/4

EAC support the identification of the frequency band 806-862 MHz for IMT-2000 and IMT-Advanced by WRC-07, but first allocating this band for mobile service on a primary basis.

Reason

This band has better propagation characteristics with significant coverage of large territories than higher bands.

EAC/1.4/5

EAC support the identification of the frequency band 2.3–2.4 GHz for IMT-2000 and IMT-Advanced.

Reasons

The band is already allocated to mobile services and is close to the frequency bands already identified for IMT-2000.

RA & WRC-07

continued3
Continued…..

EAC/1.4/6

EAC do not support the identification of the frequency band 2.7–2.9 GHz for IMT-2000 and IMT-Advanced.

Reason

Sharing studies between ARNS radars, meteorological radars and other systems belonging to the mobile service have not been concluded.

EAC/1.4/7

EAC do not support the identification of the frequency band 3.4–4.2 GHz for IMT-2000 and IMT-Advanced

Reasons

Studies have shown that there is no compatibility between FSS and IMT in this band. This has ideal propagation characteristics of resilience to heavy rainfall in East African countries with tropical climate, which the band to be retained for FSS in the provision of reliable quality of service.

RA & WRC-07

continued4
Continued….

EAC/1.4/8

EAC do not support the identification of the frequency band 4.4– 4.990 GHz for IMT-2000 and systems beyond IMT-2000

Reason

Studies have shown that there is no compatibility between FSS and IMT in this band.

EAC/1.4/9

EAC support the identification of the frequency band 1518–1525 MHz and 1668 – 1675 MHz for implementation of the satellite component of the IMT family.

Reason

This will preserve the existing framework for the satellite component of IMT 2000

RA & WRC-07

continued5
Continued…

AGENDA ITEM 1.6

to consider additional allocations for the aeronautical mobile (R) service in parts of the bands between 108 MHz and 6 GHz, in accordance with Resolution 414 (WRC‑03) and, to study current satellite frequency allocations, that will support the modernization of civil aviation telecommunication systems, taking into account Resolution 415 (WRC‑03);

Introduction

This agenda items deals with additional allocation of spectrum for AM(R)S in parts of the bands between 108 MHz and 6 GHz, and the use of current satellite frequency allocations to meet aeronautical requirements to support the modernization of civil aviation telecommunication systems, especially those in developing countries, paying particular attention to those radio frequencies that could be used to support both ICAO CNS/ATM systems and other non‑aeronautical telecommunication services

RA & WRC-07

continued6
Continued

Proposals

EAC/1.6.1

Issue A: (WRC-03 Res 414): EAC supports Method 1a for 108-117.975 MHz

Reason

Removes the limitation for the portion of the band from 112-117.975 MHz

EAC/1.6/2

For Issue C (WRC-03 Res 414), EAC supports Method 5 which proposes a new AMS allocation in the band 5091 – 5150 MHz limited to aeronautical security applications

Reason

Preliminary ITU-R studies have shown compatibility with the FSS

RA & WRC-07

continued7
Continued

EAC/1.6/3

For Issue D (WRC-03 Res. 415), EAC support the proposal to have No changes to the Radio Regulations.

Reason

Results of the studies indicate that there does not appear to be any need to make amendments to the Radio regulations.

RA & WRC-07

continued8
Continued…

Agenda Item 1.7

to consider the results of ITU-R studies regarding sharing between the mobile-satellite service and the space research service (passive) in the band 1 668-1 668.4 MHz, and between the mobile‑satellite service and the mobile service in the band 1 668.4-1 675 MHz in accordance with Resolution 744 (WRC-03)

Introduction

Issue A deals with sharing between the mobile-satellite service (Earth-to-space) and the space research (passive) service in the band 1 668-1 668.4 MHz and;

Issue B deals with sharing between the mobile-satellite service (Earth-to-space) and the fixed and mobile services in the band 1 668.4-1 675 MHz

RA & WRC-07

continued9
Continued….

Proposal

EAC/1.7/1

For Issue A, EAC supports method A2a that proposes that the existing coordination trigger based on frequency overlap be complemented by a coordination threshold based on total power of 1.5dBW delivered to a mobile earth station antenna

EAC/1.7/2

For Issue B, EAC supports Method B1 which calls for a hard limit to be placed on the e.i.r.p. spectral density of transportable radio-relay stations.

Reason

Provides adequate protection of the MSS from interference from the MS for single entry interference cases

RA & WRC-07

continued10
Continued….

Agenda Item 1.8

To consider the results of ITU-R studies on technical sharing and regulatory provisions for the application of high altitude platform stations operating in the bands 27.5-28.35 GHz and 31‑31.3 GHz in response to Resolution 145 (WRC-03), and for high altitude platform stations operating in the bands 47.2-47.5 GHz and 47.9‑48.2 GHz in response to Resolution 122 (Rev.WRC‑03)

Introduction

The proposals are based on the results of the studies on technical sharing and regulatory provisions for the application of high altitude platform stations operating in the bands 27.5-28.35 GHz and 31‑31.3 GHz in response to Resolution 145 (WRC-03), and for high altitude platform stations operating in the bands 47.2-47.5 GHz and 47.9‑48.2 GHz in response to Resolution 122 (Rev.WRC‑03)

RA & WRC-07

continued11
Continued….

Proposals

EAC/1.8/1

Issue A: EAC supports the revision of Resolution 145 (WRC-03) and relevant RR footnotes to identify a common 300 MHz segment within the 27.5-28.35 GHz band for use for HAPS in the fixed service (FS) and to re-align HAPS spectrum-related provisions.

Reason

The identification of a common 300 MHz segment for HAPS would simplify use of the entire 27.5-28.35 GHz band and would minimize potential interference.

RA & WRC-07

continued12
Continued….

EAC/1.8/2

For Issues B, C, D and E,

EAC supports further studies by ITU-R to develop Recommendations, technical sharing criteria or HAPs system design conditions that are necessary to ensure that HAPs application in the FS operates successfully on non-harmful interference, non-protected basis in the bands 27.5 – 28.35 GHz and 31.0 – 31.3 GHz.

Reasons

It will minimize the impact to other systems operating in the same or adjacent bands of the HAPS systems

RA & WRC-07

continued13
Continued….

EAC/1.8/3

For Issues F, G, and H, EAC support Method B which calls for maintaining Resolution 122 (Rev.WRC-03) with certain revisions.

Reasons

This provides for a simplified notification, co-ordination and compliance information procedure with exchange of specified data and information exchange. In addition there will be reduction in co-ordination effort, time and resource use of administrations, system operators and the Bureau.

RA & WRC-07

continued14
Continued….

Agenda Item 1.9

To review the technical, operational and regulatory provisions applicable to the use of the band 2 500-2 690 MHz by space services in order to facilitate sharing with current and future terrestrial services without placing undue constraint on the services to which the band is allocated

Introduction

In order for the space services and terrestrial services to co-exist in the band 2500-2690 MHz, the results of the studies propose: the setting of pfd limits for space services; setting of pfd limits to certain space services with coordination threshold for mobile satellite services and setting threshold for all space services

RA & WRC-07

continued15
Continued….

Proposals

EAC/1.9/1

EAC supports Method A of the CPM report which proposes application of power flux density (pfd) limits in Radio Regulations Article 21 to all space services except BSS (sound) under RR Nos. 5.418 , 5.417A and Resolution 539 (Rev WRC-03) having allocations in the frequency band 2500-2690 MHz.

Reason

It is beneficial to the long-term development of all services, as long-term regulatory protection through the use of a defined set of pfd limits removes an important element of uncertainty affecting potential investment decisions.

RA & WRC-07

continued16
Continued….

Proposals

EAC/1.9/1

EAC supports Method A of the CPM report which proposes application of power flux density (pfd) limits in Radio Regulations Article 21 to all space services except BSS (sound) under RR Nos. 5.418 , 5.417A and Resolution 539 (Rev WRC-03) having allocations in the frequency band 2500-2690 MHz.

Reason

It is beneficial to the long-term development of all services, as long-term regulatory protection through the use of a defined set of pfd limits removes an important element of uncertainty affecting potential investment decisions.

RA & WRC-07

continued17
Continued….

Proposals

EAC/1.10/1

EAC support Approach 1(sequential processing) with emphasis on the plan that guarantees equitable access of orbital/spectrum resource and reducing backlogs in filling.

Reasons

Provides a regulatory solution wherein submissions are examined in a sequential manner, as today, but include a number of changes in response to many of the other issues identified. This is in line with one of the objectives of the FSS plan which is to provide a guaranteed orbit/spectrum access to the developing countries, in an equitable manner, which may not be in a position currently to use the non‑planned bands in the FSS

RA & WRC-07

continued18
Continued…

Agenda Item 1.11

To review sharing criteria and regulatory provisions for protection of terrestrial services, in particular terrestrial television broadcasting services, in the band 620‑790 MHz from BSS networks and systems, in accordance with Resolution 545 (WRC-03).

Introduction

The terrestrial broadcasting service is allocated on a primary basis in the East African Region and the administrations in the region are in the process of undergoing a transition to digital terrestrial television broadcasting in this band

RA & WRC-07

continued19
Continued….

Proposals

EAC/1.11/1

EAC support method B which proposes the suppression of RR footnote No. 5.311 and development of a draft new Resolution [620-790 MHz] (WRC-07

Reasons

This method allows a limited number of satellites operating in this band, protects the terrestrial broadcasting service and allows the continued operation of the two existing satellite systems and recognises that any future implementation of BSS would constrain other terrestrial services in this band.

RA & WRC-07

continued20
Continued….

Agenda Item 1.13

Taking into account Resolutions 729 (WRC‑97), 351 (WRC‑03) and 544 (WRC‑03), to review the allocations to all services in the HF bands between 4 MHz and 10 MHz, excluding those allocations to services in the frequency range 7 000-7 200 kHz and those bands whose allotment plans are in Appendices 25, 26 and 27 and whose channelling arrangements are in Appendix 17, taking account of the impact of new modulation techniques, adaptive control techniques and the spectrum requirements for HF broadcasting

Introduction

The proposal deals only with issue D which addresses the identification of additional spectrum for the broadcasting service in the HF bands 4-10 MHz.

RA & WRC-07

continue
Continue….

Proposals

EAC/1.13/1

For Issue D, EAC support method 4 which proposes no additional allocations to the broadcasting service in the 4 – 10 MHz frequency range.

Reason

There is need to protect existing and future services in this band. Any additional allocation for broadcasting service in this band may constrain the current fixed, land mobile, maritime mobile and aeronautical mobile services.

RA & WRC-07

continue1
Continue….

Agenda Item 1.15

To consider a secondary allocation to the amateur service in the band 135.7-137.8 kHz

Introduction

Since 1997, radio amateurs in some countries all three Regions were granted authority to operate in the band. There have been no reports of interference to other radiocommunication services.

RA & WRC-07

continue2
Continue….

Proposals

EAC/1.15/1

EAC support Method A which calls for a secondary allocation to the amateur service in the frequency band 135.7-137.8 kHz with a footnote limiting the maximum radiated power to 1W (e.i.r.p).

Reason

A secondary allocation to the amateur service in the frequency band 135.7-137.8 kHz would harmonize the use of this band on a worldwide basis.

RA & WRC-07

continue3
Continue….

Agenda Item 1.16

To consider the regulatory and operational provisions for Maritime Mobile Service Identities (MMSIs) for equipment otherthan shipborne mobile equipment, taking into account Resolutions 344 (Rev.WRC‑03) and 353 (WRC‑03)

Introduction

There is a need to manage the allotment and distribution of the maritime identification digits (MID) resource within the Maritime Mobile Service Identities (MMSI) numbering format (Resolution 344 (Rev.WRC-03) (Issue A) and a need to review the MMSI operational and procedural requirements for equipment other than shipborne mobile equipment and to develop an appropriate format, which cannot be confused with the format used for ship and coast stations (Resolution 353 (WRC-03)) (Issue B).

RA & WRC-07

continue4
Continue…

Proposals

EAC/1.16/1

EAC support the position that there is no urgent need for improving the management of the MID and MMSI resources.

Reason

Results of the ITU-R studies concluded that there is no need to improve the current management of MID and MMSI resources.

RA & WRC-07

continue5
Continue….

EAC /1.16/2

EAC Support Method B, which proposes the revision of Article 19 and incorporating Recommendation ITU-R M.585 by reference.

Reason

The modification of RR Article 19 will allow for assignment of MMSI to aeronautical stations involved in maritime SAR and the use of AIS equipment permitting detection and identification of aids-to-navigation at greater ranges, and the potential to integrate the digital data into the shipboard navigational system.

RA & WRC-07

continue6
Continue….

AGENDA ITEM 1.17

To consider the results of ITU-R studies on compatibility between the fixed satellite service and other services around 1.4 GHz, in accordance with Resolution 745 (WRC‑03)

Introduction

Resolution 745 (WRC-03) deals with the protection of existing services in all Regions from non-geostationary-satellite networks in the fixed-satellite service using the frequency bands around 1.4 GHz on a secondary basis. The studies that were carried dealt with issues A, B, C and D as contained in the Resolution.

RA & WRC-07

continue7
Continue…

Proposal

EAC/1.17/1

EAC support Method 1, which proposes the suppression of the secondary FSS allocation for MSS feeder links in the frequency bands 1 390-1 392 MHz (Earth-to-space) and 1 430-1 432 MHz (space-to-Earth).

Reason

It provides for unconstrained operating conditions for all existing services in these bands.

RA & WRC-07

continued21
Continued….

Agenda Item 1.18

To review power flux density (pfd) limits in the band 17.7-19.7 GHz for satellite systems using highly inclined orbits, in accordance with Resolution 141 (WRC-03)

Introduction

ISSUE A: To conduct the appropriate technical studies to determine whether the current pfd limits for non‑GSO systems in the FSS in Article 21 are adequate to protect the fixed service in the 17.7-19.7 GHz band from non-geostationary systems without unduly constraining the use of these non‑GSO FSS systems.

ISSUE B: To determine whether there are technical and operational measures in the band 17.7‑19.7 GHz that could be implemented in the fixed service to mitigate interference from FSS space stations

RA & WRC-07

continue8
Continue…

Proposals

EAC/1.18/1

EAC support Method C which calls for addition of a more stringent pfd mask applicable to HIO satellites at 17.7‑19.7 GHz in RR Article 21.

Reason

This mask would adequately protect the fixed services in East Africa.

RA & WRC-07

continue9
Continue….

Agenda Item 1.19

To consider the results of the ITU-R studies regarding spectrum requirement for global broadband satellite systems in order to identify a possible global harmonized FSS frequency bands for the use of internet applications, and consider the appropriate regulatory/technical provisions, taking also into account No. 5.516B of the Radio Regulations

Introduction

A variety of existing satellite systems already provide internet access for user terminals and these developments have occurred without the need for changes to the RR or the harmonization of system characteristics across the ITU Regions. The development of the new ITU-R Recommendations would provide an adequate response to the studies required under this agenda item

RA & WRC-07

continue10
Continue….

Proposal

EAC/1.19/1

EAC support the results of the studies carried out and does not support identification of specific FSS frequency bands on a global basis for Internet applications.

Reason

The studies indicate that the identification of specific FSS frequency bands for internet applications will not improve, nor will it facilitate the provision of these applications.

RA & WRC-07

continue11
Continue….

Agenda Item 7.1

Agenda item 7.1 relates to the Report of the Director of the Radiocommunication Bureau on activities of the Radiocommunication Sector since WRC‑03, on any difficulties or inconsistencies encountered in the application of the Radio Regulations as well as action in response to Resolution 80 (Rev. WRC-2000).

Introduction

Among other activities in this agenda that requires action by the Director, Radiocommunication Bureau is issue A relates to Resolution 951 (WRC-03), which is concerned with “Improvement of the International Spectrum Regulatory Framework”. Such improvement relates to the radio services, their definitions and status within the Radio Regulations.

The ITU‑R studies, which were conducted based on instructions of Resolution 951 (WRC‑03) have demonstrated that any change intended to improve the flexibility of administrations in order to accommodate converging services has to rely on a combination of service definitions, allocations and procedures. The changing or merging of service definitions to reflect technological evolution may affect the rights of administrations under the existing procedures and may require modifications to them, as well as transitional arrangements.

RA & WRC-07

continue12
Continue…..

Proposals

EAC/ 7.1 (Res.951)/1

EAC support Option 2, which proposes to review the current service definitions in Article 1 of the Radio Regulations so as to ensure that the definitions of services adequately and unambiguously cover actual use and emerging technologies.

Reason

Any review of definitions may affect the rights of Administrations

RA & WRC-07

continue13
Continue….

EAC/ 7.1 (Res.951)/2

Studies should be carried out to review of service definitions between assignments and services.

Reason

Sothat the potential impact of the change of servicedefinitions between assignments and services on technical, regulatory and procedural terms is properly evaluated at a future conference.

RA & WRC-07

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End

RA & WRC-07