coombs bastard child the troubled life of cdep 2012 nugget coombs memorial lecture n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Coombs’ Bastard Child: The Troubled Life of CDEP 2012 Nugget Coombs Memorial Lecture PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Coombs’ Bastard Child: The Troubled Life of CDEP 2012 Nugget Coombs Memorial Lecture

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 18

Coombs’ Bastard Child: The Troubled Life of CDEP 2012 Nugget Coombs Memorial Lecture - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 142 Views
  • Uploaded on

Coombs’ Bastard Child: The Troubled Life of CDEP 2012 Nugget Coombs Memorial Lecture. Will Sanders, Senior Fellow and Deputy Director Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research Research School of Social Sciences College of Arts and Social Sciences.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Coombs’ Bastard Child: The Troubled Life of CDEP 2012 Nugget Coombs Memorial Lecture' - lee-romero


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
coombs bastard child the troubled life of cdep 2012 nugget coombs memorial lecture

Coombs’ Bastard Child: The Troubled Life of CDEP2012 Nugget Coombs Memorial Lecture

Will Sanders, Senior Fellow and Deputy Director

Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research

Research School of Social Sciences

College of Arts and Social Sciences

slide2

All the world's a stage,And all the men and women merely players;They have their exits and their entrances,And one man in his time plays many parts,His acts being seven ages.

William Shakespeare: As You Like It, Act II, Scene VII

lecture outline 7 sections
Lecture Outline – 7 Sections
  • Coombs and the Council for Aboriginal Affairs
  • From the Council to the Birth of CDEP
  • From Failure to Thrive to a Flourishing Adolescence
  • The Troubles of Big City, Adult Life
  • A Changing Organisational Environment
  • A Lingering Old Age
  • Generations & the Moral Structure of Indigenous Affairs
coombs life and career
Coombs – Life and Career
  • Born 1906 southern WA
  • Teacher
  • 1930s London School of Economics PhD
  • 1940s DG Post- War Reconstruction
  • 1949-1966 Governor central bank
  • Nov 1967- 1976 Chair Council for Aboriginal Affairs (Also ANU Chancellor)
  • 1973- 1975 Chair Royal Commission on Australian Government Administration
  • 1977- Visiting Fellow CRES ANU
council for aboriginal affairs
Council for Aboriginal Affairs
  • 3 members – Coombs, Dexter, Stanner
  • Work on land issues (in Northern Territory)
  • No Progress – Resistance Dept of Interior
  • McMahon’s 1972 Speech – Tent Embassy
  • Labor/ Bryant 1973 - still not easy
  • Labor/ Cavanagh 1974/75 - better
  • Liberal/ Viner 1976 – changed basis of policy & competence, concern, capacity
  • 1977- Retired but continues to work with Viner & DAA on the CDEP idea
birth of cdep 1
Birth of CDEP (1)
  • 1976 IWP Aboriginal Employment
  • 3 DAA, 1 DSS, 1 DEIR, 1 Education
  • Term of Ref on Unemployment Benefits to ‘Aboriginals living as communities’
  • Problem
  • Idea of using UB to create employment via community grants – DAA keen
  • DSS resists – history lecture, 2 drawbacks
community grants idea two major drawbacks
Community Grants Idea - ‘two major drawbacks’

(a) charges of discrimination would be made against the Department of Social Security if an attempt were made to redirect payment of the unemployment benefit to the Community Council without the approval of individual beneficiaries within the community; and

(b) employment funded by using unemployment benefit would disqualify the beneficiaries for further unemployment benefit in that they would no longer be unemployed

(IWP on Aboriginal Employment 1976: 31-32).

birth of cdep 2
Birth of CDEP (2)
  • DAA, Viner and Coombs persist
  • Pitjantjatjara- A Strategy for Survival
  • CDEP announced in Parliament May 1977
  • Only one mention of DSS
  • Big win for DAA, Viner and Coombs
  • But without DSS support or involvement
cdep guidelines
CDEP Guidelines

Grantsto ‘Aboriginal community councils’ …. ‘clan groups’ ….‘provide employmentto unemployed members of an Aboriginal community’ in ‘projects… specifically requested by a community’.

Employment to be ‘agreed between the individual communities and the Department of Aboriginal Affairs’ …….‘economic ventures; town management activities; social advancement; and environment improvement’.

Amount ‘should not exceed the total entitlement of individual members to unemployment benefits as determined by the Department of Aboriginal Affairs in consultation with the Department of Social Security’ ….. ‘for the purchase of materials and equipment required for the implementation of a particular project’.

Community ‘encouraged to establish its own method of remuneration for its members’ …. ‘all unemployed community members’ … ‘given the opportunity to participate’ ….. ‘guaranteed a minimum income approximating his normal unemployment benefit entitlement’

(Commonwealth Parliamentary Debates House of Representatives 26 May 1977).

coombs analysis of the critical question 1
Coombs’ analysis of the ‘critical question’ (1)

While there does not appear to have been any general policy decision,the practice appears to be growing of endorsing applications for unemployment benefit from Aborigines in these areas.

The following aspects of the situation are relevant:

  • Unemployment benefit probably provides as much, if not more, income than Aborigines would earn from wages if work was freely available and they were able to choose freely between such work and unpaid leisure for their own pursuits.
  • Although work for wages is not now generally available

(a)There are socially important tasks to be undertaken of the special work projects type;

(b) Aborigines could be trained to reduce the need for scarce and more expensive white employees.

  • Until recently unemployment benefit was not expected in most Pitjantjatjara communities
  • It seems irrational to pay men to be idle when socially valuable works are being terminated.
coombs analysis of the critical question 2
Coombs’ analysis of the ‘critical question’ (2)

I believe it would be rational and practical to solve this policy issue in the following way:

  • periodically (quarterly) officers of the Department of Employment should visit Aboriginal communities in remote areas and assess, in consultation with the community andDepartment of Aboriginal Affairs, the employment prospects and the probable number of eligible unemployed;
  • agrantshould be made, through the Department of Aboriginal Affairs, to the community on a quarterly basis equivalent to the unemployment benefit which would have been received by those assessed as likely to be unemployed;
  • the community should be authorised to use this grant to employ its members on approved work projects – on a basis which would provide them with an average of three or four days’ work a week;
  • Aborigines from these communities should then be regarded as ineligible for unemployment benefit on the grounds that paid work is available to them within their own community;
  • TheDepartment of Aboriginal Affairs should supplement these employment grants to cover material and equipment costs for approved projects provided that a reasonable contribution was made by the community to these costs.
understanding government as a stage arena
Understanding Government as a Stage/Arena
  • Actors – Individuals like HC Coombs
  • Corporate Actors – Departments and other Agencies

DAA Department of Aboriginal Affairs

DSS Department of Social Security

DoFDepartment of Finance

DEIR Department of Employment and Industrial Relations

ATSIC Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission

Centrelink

DFaCSDepartment of Families and Community Services

DEWR Department of Employment and Workplace Relations

FaHCSIADepartment of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs

DEEWR Department of Employment, Education and Workplace Relations

lecture outline 7 sections1
Lecture Outline – 7 Sections
  • Coombs and the Council for Aboriginal Affairs
  • From the Council to the Birth of CDEP
  • From Failure to Thrive to a Flourishing Adolescence
  • The Troubles of Big City, Adult Life
  • A Changing Organisational Environment
  • A Lingering Old Age
  • Generations & the Moral Structure of Indigenous Affairs
competing principles values in indigenous affairs
Competing Principles/Values in Indigenous Affairs

Equality

of Opportunity

Socioeconomic Equality Individual Legal Equality

Autonomy/Choice

Guardianship

+ Group Difference & Diversity -

dominant debates 1930 1960s
Dominant Debates 1930-1960s

Equality

of Opportunity

Socioeconomic Equality Individual Legal Equality

1960s

1930s

Autonomy/Choice

Guardianship

+ Group Difference & Diversity -

dominant debates 1960s 1990s
Dominant Debates 1960s -1990s

Equality

of Opportunity

Socioeconomic Equality Individual Legal Equality

1960s

1970s-

1990s

Autonomy/Choice

Guardianship

+ Group Difference & Diversity -

dominant debates 2000s
Dominant Debates 2000s

Equality

of Opportunity

Socioeconomic Equality Individual Legal Equality

2000s

Autonomy/Choice

Guardianship

+ Group Difference & Diversity -

cdep the coombs experiment
CDEP & ‘The Coombs Experiment’
  • Experiment as a Positive Term
  • CDEP was Coombs’ greatest policy influence
  • 1980s/90s critics couldn’t identify better options
  • Coombs the imaginative policy pragmatist
  • CDEP a great tribute to Coombs
  • Geographic, generational and departmental dynamics just too strong
  • Things move on!
  • RIP CDEP and Nugget