The Apostrophe:. Uses, Misuse’s and Abuses’. The Apostrophe - Uses. Looks like this: ’ Not like this: ‘ Has 2 functions. Indicates a letter is missing:. I’m he’s can’t jumpin’ th’end. The Apostrophe - Uses. Sometimes letters are missing:. I’d we’d they’ve I’ve.
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Uses, Misuse’s and Abuses’
th’endThe Apostrophe - Uses
Sometimes letters are missing:
I’veThe Apostrophe - Uses
The student’s knapsackThe Apostrophe - Uses
Originally, in old English, possession was shown by adding ‘es’ to a noun:
The studentes knapsackThe Apostrophe - Uses
Jim his computer
Andy his presentation
The student his knapsackThe Apostrophe - Uses
Notice that with both cases—the ‘ ‘es’ ending or the ‘his’ ending—the modern day usage of the apostrophe indicates letters are missing:
Jimes computer is now Jim’s computer
The missing letter is ‘e’
Andy his presentation is Andy’s presentation
The missing letters are ‘hi’The Apostrophe - Uses
To show possession by a plural noun, add the apostrophe after the ‘s’
The students’ knapsacks lay all over the place.
My sisters’ friends are coming to visit.
The babies’ diapers need changing. (Rey, are you busy?)The Apostrophe - Uses
If the plural noun is after the ‘irregular and thus does not end in ‘s’, add apostrophe ‘s’
The children’s clothing
The men’s room
The people’s leaderThe Apostrophe - Uses
If you want to show possession by something or someone whose name ends in ‘s’, add apostrophe ‘s’
This is the boss’s pen
The mistress’s loverThe Apostrophe
Don’t put an apostrophe after numbers. To express a decade in numerical form just add an ‘s’:
The 1970’s x
Back in the 80’s x
Back in the ’80s The Apostrophe - Abuses
Notice there is no apostropheThe Apostrophe - Abuses
DVDs The Apostrophe - Abuses
Some homeowners and many cottage owners put the name of their family somewhere on their property, like this:
But do you see why this is wrong?The Apostrophe - Abuses
If they are going to use an apostrophe it should go after their pluralized surname:
The Martins’ house
The Nielsens’ cottage
The McKinlays’ igloo
The Clearys’ hutThe Apostrophe - Abuses
They should put their pluralized surname with a ‘The’ in front.
Or just put their surname:
ClearyThe Apostrophe - Abuses
A) James’ essays
B) James’s essays
C) Jameses’s essays
D) None of the above
And the correct answer is…The Apostrophe - a Quiz
D) None of the above there.
Anytime the apostrophe begins to make your pronunciation sound awkward, don’t use the apostrophe. Find another way.
The essays written by the Jameses.
The essays written by James and James.The Apostrophe – a Quiz
You’re ready to find funny errors, right?
2) Use the apostrophe to indicate possession:
Andy’s PowerPoint is about to get even more interesting!The Apostrophe - Review