PUNCTUATION,Part 2YOUR FAVORITE GRAMMAR SUBJECT AND AS EASY AS EATING ICE CREAM “Genius without education is like silver in the mine.” Ben Franklin
Marks of punctuation covered: • Quotation mark • Apostrophe • Parentheses • Dash • Hyphen
QUOTATION MARKS “ ”
1. To enclose a direct quotation or each part of a divided quotation. • Miguel Cervantes said, “A proverb is a short sentence based on long experience.” • “Let’s go,” said the sergeant, “we have 20 miles to run yet.”
2. To indicate the titles of books, poems, articles, etc., and for the names of ships, etc. • “Como agua para Chocolate” • “Fog” • “Titanic”
1. TO FORM THE POSSESSIVE CASE OF NOUNS AND INDEFINITE PRONOUNS. Celina’s CD
2. To form the plural of numbers and letters • San Francisco 49’s • Oakland A’s
3. To show the omission of letters or numbers • Don’t • Gov’t • O’clock • Class of ‘42
Parentheses ( )
1. To show that the part enclosed within them is merely for explanation. • I love this class (especially when they are asleep).
1. To show a sudden change in thought or in construction • I am planning to go –but why should I tell you?
2. To join an uninterrupted series of numbers • 1940—1950 • Chapters V--X
1. IN WRITING COMPOUND NOUNS • Sister-in-law • Commander-in-chief • Attorney-at-law
2. To join words combined into a single adjective • A well-to-do man • A happy-go-lucky person
3. When it is necessary to divide a word at the end of a line, the division should be made between syllables, and the hyphen should come at the end of the line. • Mutila- tion
Punctuate accordingly: • I ate my Moms cake. • The 76s are a tremendous basketball team. • Between the years 1930 1940 I learned to play the piano. • Most students are not happy go lucky. • Take the gun said Alvaro, and run like the wind. • Cant you see that Im busy. • It was a hot day no, the heat was unbearable! • Everyone should read The Bible at least once. • My Father in law is a great guy. • The Queen Elizabeth is a spectacular luxury liner. • President Reagan said, we must arm ourselves rapidly.
Corrections: • I ate my Mom’s cake. • The 76’s are a tremendous basketball team. • Between the years 1930--1940 I learned to play the piano. • Most students are not happy-go-lucky. • “Take the gun,” said Alvaro, “and run like the wind. “ • Can’t you see that I’m busy. • It was a hot day --no, the heat was unbearable! • Everyone should read “The Bible” at least once. • My Father-in-law is a great guy. • “The Queen Elizabeth” is a spectacular luxury liner. • President Reagan said, “We must arm our selves rapidly. “
Assignment: • 1. All my sisters in law are excellent cooks. • 2. The 49s are definitely not the best team in football. • 3. It began to rain yes, it began to rain cats and dogs. • 4. Lisas lasagna was the most delicious of all the meals. • 5. Wont you understand that I have much work to do. • 6. The governor wasted no time in making the following announcement: • 7. Everyone must arm himself for a terrorist invasion is on hand. • 8. Swim as fast as you can said the lifesaver there are a couple of sharks right behind you. • 9. At the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean lays The Titanic. • 10. From 1943 1953 we built our business slowly.