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Thailand . By: B. Studious and D. O. Yerwork. History - Kingdom of Siam. Military leaders forced the government to become a constitutional monarchy . Thai established a kingdom at Sukhothai. Ayutthaya was overthrown by the Burmese. Rama I founded the Chakri dynasty. 18 th century.

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    1. Thailand By: B. Studious and D. O. Yerwork

    2. History - Kingdom of Siam Military leaders forced the government to become a constitutional monarchy Thai established a kingdom at Sukhothai Ayutthaya was overthrown by the Burmese Rama I founded the Chakri dynasty 18th century 1932 Mid-1500 1238 1438 Mid-1700 1782 1939 Government changed the nation’s name from Siam to Thailand, to promote a stronger sense of Thai identity Sukhothai was conquered by the kingdom of Ayutthaya Burmese reestablished control over the Thai Rama I established Bangkok as the capital

    3. History – Kingdom of Thailand Japan occupied Thailand for a short time, and Thai leaders allied with Japan A coup led to riots, a violent military response, and then royal intervention A severe financial crisis and other issues in forced Chavalit to resign after a new constitution had been approved Billionaire businessman ThaksinShinawatra became prime minister when his party, Thai Rak Thai, won parliamentary elections 2001 1991 WW II 1997 1996 1960-1970s May 2000 Thailand allied with the United States and became an important base for U.S. military and intelligence activities in the region Political instability plagued Thailand for several years, even after elections brought General ChavalitYongchaiyudh to office as prime minister King Rama IX became the nation’s longest-living ruler, surpassing Rama I

    4. History (continued) Thai Rak Thai overwhelmingly won the next elections in, but Thaksin was criticized internationally for his hard-line approach to a Muslim insurgency in the south The military intervened in September, overthrowing Thaksin in a bloodless coup; a civilian government resumed control of the government a year later YingluckShinawatra, was elected as Thailand’s first female prime minister and the sixth prime minister to serve since Thaksin's removal from office 2011 2006 2005 2013 2008 2006 Thousands of protesters gathered in Bangkok to demand the dissolution of the government over charges of corruption Ivory Trade Ban, Peace talks with separatist rebels, and mass protests Thaksin called a snap election to maintain control in April, but opposition parties boycotted the poll

    5. Current Government • Constitutional Monarchy • Current king: BhumibolAdulyadej • Head of state • Prime Minister: YingluckShinawatra • Head of government • Leads Majority Party/coalition in House of Representatives • National Assembly • 150-seat Senate • 500-seat House of Representatives • Voting age is 18 • Chiefs are elected in villages

    6. PhraChediSisuriyothia Found at the original site of the Rear Palace in the west part of the city Memorial to SomdetPhraSuriyothai

    7. Wat Na Phramen Located on the bank of KhlongSabua opposite the Grand Plalace Buddha temple

    8. WatSenaSanaram Ancient temple located behind Chankasem Palace that houses two Buddha images

    9. Physical/human geography • Thailand is located in Southeastern Asia and borders the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand. It’s southeast of Burma • It’s 513,120 sq km total • 510, 890 sq km is land • 2, 230 sq km is water • Thailand is about twice the size of Wyoming • It has a tropical climate. It’s rainy, warm, and in mid-May to September has southwest monsoons. It’s dry and in November to mid-March has cool northeast monsoons. The southern isthmus is always hot and humid Thailand

    10. Physical/human geography (continued) • The birth rate is 12.66 births/1,000 population • The death rate is 7.47 deaths/1,000 population • The maternal mortality rate is 48 deaths/100,000 live births • The lowest point in Thailand is the Gulf of Thailand which is 0 m above sea level • The highest point is • DoiInthanon which is 2,576 m above sea level DoiInthanon Gulf of Thailand

    11. Physical/human geography (continued) • The nationality of the people of Thailand is Thai • 75% of the population is Thai, 14% are Chinese, and the other 11% are other ethnicities • The languages spoken in Thailand are Thai, English, (which is the secondary language) and other ethnic and regional dialects • The official religion is Buddhist. 94.6% of the population is Buddhist, 4.6% are Muslim, 0.7% are Christian, and the other 0.1% are other religions Buddhist Monks

    12. Physical/human geography (continued) • The infant mortality rate is 15.41 deaths/1,000 live births • 16.38 deaths are male • 14.39 deaths are female • The life expectancy for the total population is 74.05 years • Males live 71.66 years • Females live 76.58 years • The total fertility rate is 1.66 children born/woman • 93.5% of the total population is literate • 95.6% are male • 91.5% are female • The birth rate is 12.66 births/1,000 population • The death rate is 7.47 deaths/1,000 population • The maternal mortality rate is 48 deaths/100,000 live births

    13. Human-environment interaction • Some people in Thailand are farmers because Thailand has a largely export-based economy • Thailand has a large fishing industry and people mainly farm shrimp • Tour guides take tourists to various places • With urbanization, many people have moved to the big cities Thailand’s Fishing Industry

    14. Transnational/internal issues • Separatist violence in Thailand's predominantly Malay-Muslim southern provinces prompt border closures and controls with Malaysia to stem insurgent activities • Southeast Asian states have enhanced border surveillance to check the spread of avian flu • Talk continues on completion of demarcation with Laos but disputes remain over several islands in the Mekong River • Despite continuing border committee talks, Thailand must deal with Karen and other ethnic rebels, refugees, and illegal cross-border activities • Cambodia and Thailand dispute sections of boundary • In 2011 Thailand and Cambodia resorted to arms in the dispute over the location of the boundary on the precipice surmounted by PreahVihear temple ruins, awarded to Cambodia by ICJ decision in 1962 and part of a planned UN World Heritage site

    15. Transnational/internal issues • Thailand is studying the feasibility of jointly constructing the Hatgyi Dam on the Salween river near the border with Burma • In 2004, international environmentalist pressure prompted China to halt construction of 13 dams on the Salween River that flows through China, Burma, and Thailand • 140,000 mostly Karen refugees fleeing civil strife, political upheaval and economic stagnation in Burma live in remote camps in Thailand near the border