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Bosnia and Herzegovina: From food assistance to economic development strategies. Problems …. Causes of poverty The most obvious: WAR Devastation of physical, social and human capital But also simultaneous: Misused transition towards democracy

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Causes of poverty

The most obvious: WAR

Devastation of physical, social and human capital

But also simultaneous:

Misused transition towards democracy

Transition from centrally-controlled to market economy

Transition from violent conflict to peace

evolution of programmatic approach

Evolution of programmatic approach

  • As the country priorities changes,
  • ABDs evolved…
  • Short-term employment programmes
    • Return and reconstruction programmes
      • Community and rural development programmes
        • Integrated ABD programmes
short term employment programs

Short-term employment programs

Provision of wages for public work on local infrastructure repairs:

Appropriate for immediate post-conflict environment (fast, create positive atmosphere)

Injection of cash into economy

Substitutes inefficient social welfare systems

Very short-term effects

Targeted local effects, very limited policy influence

Require high budgets

return and reconstruction programs

Return and reconstruction programs

Provision of food assistance, seeds, tools and small machinery through grants:

Support sustainability of return

Reach the most vulnerable

Compensate inefficient social services

Very short-term effects

Limited number of beneficiaries

Grant based = not always financially viable

community and rural development programs

Community and rural development programs

  • Focused on expanding economic opportunities though:
  • 1) Direct interventions
  • (rural micro-credits, Guarantee Fund for rural loans)
  • 2) Building local capacities
  • (Community dev. work, TA for local government)
  • More comprehensive and integrated approach
  • Only economically viable ideas get supported
  • Effects of strategies depend of available local capacities
  • Hard to ensure influence beyond programme’s life time
srebrenica regional recovery programme abd programme

Srebrenica Regional Recovery ProgrammeABD programme

  • Three municipalities: Srebrenica, Bratunac and Milici (Eastern Bosnia).
  • Area of close to 1,100 km2
  • Population: around 45 000 inhabitants
  • Target groups:
  • -Population as whole
  • -Special focus on returnees and female-headed household
problem statement

Problem Statement

Huge demographic changes

86,485 inhabitants before the war

45,000 inhabitants today

Important percentage of female headed households

Devastated public and private infrastructure

Disruption in the life of rural communities resulting in the absence of leadership and social cohesion

srrp overall objective

Promotion of:

a. socio-economic recovery

b. multiethnic communities

c. strengthened local government structures.

To be attained through:

a. improved municipal management systems, planning capacities and service delivery ;

b. Enhanced municipal-level capacities in infrastructure development planning and implementation of related projects;

c. Reduced poverty through increased income levels for the poor.

SRRP Overall objective…

programme background information

Programme Background Information

Incepted in September 2002

Initial timeframe of three years

First and second phases completed

Decision by UNDP BiH to go on with the third phase

Programme to run until 30. November 2013

Initial budget: USD 12.3 million

Current total budget: USD 24 million

methodology first phase

Methodology –First Phase

Five interrelated components:

economic development


local government

civil society


Strong involvement of local authorities and local civil society organizations

Introduction of consultative mechanisms

methodology second phase

Methodology –Second Phase

Three main fields of interventions:

a. Public and social services,

b. Infrastructure

c. Economic development

All programme initiatives incorporate consultative and “learning by doing“ mechanisms

interventions used as incentives to improve participatory governance, generate growth and increase municipal revenues.

Participatory governance used to ensure equality, ownership and sustainability of planned interventions

srrp third phase

SRRP –Third Phase

Timeframe: 4 years


Similar as for the second phase but with

Increased emphasis on knowledge transfer; and

Progressive transfer of implementation responsibilities to the municipal authorities.



Strong and true involvement of local institutions and citizens in the planning and implementation.

Strong local desire for:

strengthened local capacities

equality in the allocation of resources

Local authorities participated in the implementation with close to EUR 1,500,000 in parallel funding

achievements better local governance

Achievements Better Local Governance

Improved public services and provision of social services:

Upgraded information systems and technology

Establishment of municipal front offices providing basic services

More than 1,000 people, especially returnees, living in rural areas in Srebrenica are benefiting from a Mobile Out-patient Clinic.

achievements in economic development

Achievements in Economic Development

More than 6,500 people have been directly affected through various economic development activities:

Regional business cluster -mapping exercise

Agricultural activities (milk road, berry farming, etc)

Increased access to finance (fiscal incentive grants to existing businesses)

Improved business development services, working with the Srebrenica Business Centre (SBC)

More than 17,500 people have benefited from improved infrastructure with the reconstruction of rural roads, water supply systems and power grids.