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Stress and Health. Katy Rimstad, MA University of St. Thomas Personal counseling and testing. What is stress?. Human reaction to change Different for different people Catastrophes Significant life changes Daily hassles Conflict. College Undergraduate Stress Scale.

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stress and health

Stress and Health

Katy Rimstad, MA

University of St. Thomas

Personal counseling and testing

what is stress
What is stress?
  • Human reaction to change
  • Different for different people
  • Catastrophes
  • Significant life changes
  • Daily hassles
  • Conflict
college undergraduate stress scale
College Undergraduate Stress Scale
  • Add up stress ratings that you have experienced
  • Individual differences in what event is how stressful
  • Cumulative effect
  • Gender differences?
  • Some events occur multiple times in a year
stress response systems
Stress Response Systems
  • Fight or Flight Response
  • General Adaptation Syndrome
    • Alarm reaction
    • Resistance
    • Exhaustion
physical reactions to stress
Physical Reactions to Stress
  • Sympathetic nervous system activates
    • Increased heart rate & breathing
    • Digestion stops
    • Pain is dulled
  • Stress hormones released
    • Cortisol
    • Adrenaline
  • Cannot remain in this state forever
not all stress is bad
Not all stress is bad
  • Needed for motivation and performance
  • Stress x Performance
    • Some helps, too much interferes
    • Breakdown point is different for all
stress x performance
Stress x Performance

Performance

Level of stress

related to stress
Related to Stress
  • Heart Disease
  • Susceptibility to disease
    • Immune System
    • AIDS
    • Cancer
    • Conditioning
perceived control
Perceived Control
  • Poverty inequalities
  • Optimism vs. Pessimism
  • Handout: What are the chances of you getting these health problems?
promoting health coping with stress
Promoting Health/Coping with Stress
  • Exercise
  • Biofeedback/Relaxation
  • Social Support
  • Spirituality
  • Cognitive
  • Daily Activities
  • Modify Illness-Related behavior
coping styles
Coping Styles
  • Active-Cognitive
    • 1, 6, 7, 10, 11, 15, 20, 21, 23, 26, 29
  • Active-Behavioral
    • 2, 3, 5, 8, 12, 13, 17, 18, 22, 25, 28, 31, 32
  • Avoidance
    • 4, 9, 14, 16, 19, 24, 27, 30