Why Safety? • Why is safety important? • Why bother with it? • Isn’t it just another government or company program?
A good health and safety program canreduce injuries... In the U.S. an injury occurs about every 8.3 seconds Source: NSC 2004
More About the Injuries 4,365,200 injuries resulted in: • lost work time • medical treatment (other than 1st aid) • loss of consciousness • restriction of work or motion or • transfer to another job Source: BLS 2004
More About the Injuries More than 2.2 million injuries were serious enough to require recuperation away from work or to restrict duties at work or both Source: BLS 2004
More about the injuries Nationwide, injury rates generally are higher for companies with 50-249 workers than for smaller or larger companies
More about the injuries 1/4th of the 2.2 million cases involving days away from work resulted in 21 days or more away from work Source: BLS 2004
More about the injuries Carpal tunnel syndrome cases had more median days away (28) than amputations (25). Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) account for 32% of all cases. Source: BLS 2004
A Good Health and Safety Program Can Stop the Slaughter... A workplace death occurs about every hour and a half in the United States Source: BLS 2004
Oil and Gas Fatalities • SIC 138 • FY 2006 • Provided by Marianne McGee, OSHA, Corpus Christi
Oil and Gas Fatalities in FY06 • 60 fatalities in SIC 1381 nationwide • 33 in Region VI • Texas • Oklahoma • Arkansas • Louisiana • New Mexico
Summary • Struck – by: 18 • Pressure Release/Explosion: 5 • Electrocution: 4 • Fall from elevation: 2 • Heart attack: 2 • Caught – in: 1 • Asphyxiation: 1
Struck - By • Employee was walking across the site to visually inspect drill pipe when he was struck by a truck. • The crown sheave shaft came out of one of its mounts releasing the sheaves, the drilling line, 165,000 pound drilling string, and the blocks fell to the drilling floor.
Struck - By • An employee was traversing a steep incline on an ATV when the vehicle turned over, striking the employee. • Employee was struck on the head by a falling A-Frame leg of a drilling derrick. The employee was in the process of guiding the brace of the A-Frame leg into place.
Struck - By • An employee was working on / near the line heater when the end blew off. The employee had been engaged in changing out the o-ring. Shut in the line heater by closing a valve upstream at / near the well head and closing a valve downstream in front of the separator. The valve upstream had been opened but the valve downstream had not been opened.
Struck - By • Employee was struck by pressurized mud and gas when he attempted to remove the bolt from the rotating head rubber gasket. • Explosion took place, which severed the flow lines connected to the Christmas Tree. One of the lines struck the employee, fatally injuring him.
Struck - By • Employee was run over by a crawler crane being used to move equipment. • Employees closed and bled line, then removed seat in choke valve. Company man activated switch which remotely activated valve releasing (4000 psi) causing a wrench to strike employee in the face.
Struck - By • 23,000 pound traveling block and attached 180,000 pound drill string fell uncontrollably to the drilling floor. • While underneath the crane boom, employee struck retaining pin. The mid-section collapsed directly on employee. • Employee was struck by counter weights of pumping unit.
Struck - By • Employee jumped on to the back end of a traveling bobcat. The auger bit on the bobcat got stuck into the ground. Operator of bobcat stopped, backed up the bobcat, and raised the auger bit up; when doing this the hydraulic arms of the bobcat crushed his face and neck.
Struck - By • A large rock was kicked up by the rear tire of a truck which struck a worker in the head. • An employee assisting in servicing a duplex mud pump was fatally injured when a 36-inch pipe wrench situated on the rotating shaft (bull wheel) of the diesel engine struck the worker when the clutch was engaged.
Struck - By • Horizontal discharge piping on a trailer foam unit was left loose and not secured. When the bleed valve was opened, the back pressure whipped the discharge pipe around, striking employee. • 2 incidents have no additional information at this time.
Caught - in • While lubricating rotary the employee’s raincoat was caught by the near-by rotating kelly.
Pressure Release / Explosion • Employee was examining the hatch of a pressurized vessel for a suspected leak when the hatch exploded, striking the employee. • While performing gas well servicing hydrocarbon vapors escaped from the well and were ignited by the engine on the work-over rig.
Pressure Release / Explosion • While operating a reverse circulation unit, oil and natural gas came up from the well and the gas entered the intake of the swivel engine causing an explosion. • Explosion occurred while employees were sleeping.
Pressure Release / Explosion • Employee was attempting to clean out the coils from the hot oiler truck by pushing hot water through with the burners lit on the truck. Without uncoiling the hose, employee began pumping out the crude oil into the wash pit in the yard. The hot water caused a volatile steam cloud to form which was blown into the burners causing a flash fire.
Fall from Elevation • The derrickman fell while holding onto the elevator after attempting to latch a drill pipe from the fingers of the board. He had his harness on but was not tied off. • Fall from derrick board: Employee grabbed the elevator and held on for a few minutes but then let go, grasping a 4.5" vertical pipe. Employee slid partially down the pipe joint until he reached the pipe collar from where he free fell approximately 65 ft.
Electrocution • Repairing cables that had been damaged by a truck, employee was holding cable while another employee energized line (incorrect line). • Pump jack, being moved with a gin pole truck, came into contact with or came near an electrical line.
Electrocution • Employee detected water leak and went to turn valve off. Valve was energized. • Employee drove the forklift into the overhead power lines.
Heart attack • Climbing a stairway on a drilling rig, employee collapsed. • Employee fell to the ground suddenly and was unconscious.
Asphyxiation • Employee opened a cover at the top of a oil storage tank in order to gage the amount of water in the tank and was overcome by H2S gas.
Hazards that Cause Fatalities: • Are also very likely to cause injuries and raise costs • OSHA concentrates on the most common causes of injuries and fatalities
A good health and safety program can save money... The average direct cost of a lost time claim is over $28,000 OSHA "$AFETY PAYS" Program can calculate costs of injuries
A good health and safety program can save more money • Lower Insurance Cost • Increase Company’s Ability to Grow • Increased Profit Margin
A good health and safety program canincrease morale If workers are being injured they will not feel good about their job or the company that condones unsafe working conditions and unsafe work practices
A good health and safety program canimprove efficiency A safe, healthy and happy workforce produces good quality output
A good health and safety program can improve productivity Safety, quality, and productivity go hand in hand
A good health & safety program provides regulatory compliance Compliance with regulatory standards alone does not qualify as a “good Safety and Health program”
Why NOT Safety? There isn’t a defendable answer to this question
4 Reasons to Make Safety Important • Responsibility to self • Responsibility to family • Responsibility to not endanger co-workers • Productivity and health of the company
BADGES WE WEAR • Your role in SAFETY is selling it. • To get people to BUY INTO safety you need to understand the BADGES we all wear.
BADGE # 1 W.I.I.F.M. • What's in it for Me!
BADGE # 2 M.M.F.I. • Make Me feel Important!
COMMUNICATION • People have to believe you truly care about their SAFETY.