Historic look at idea
Download
1 / 17

Historic Look at IDEA - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 48 Views
  • Uploaded on

Historic Look at IDEA. Evolving Issues and Practices. Sad U.S. History. Many people (children) with disabilities were abandoned, killed, ‘warehoused’ in deplorable, inhumane institutions. Education was not a consideration. Initial Programs.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Historic Look at IDEA' - lea


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Historic look at idea

Historic Look at IDEA

Evolving Issues and Practices


Sad u s history
Sad U.S. History

  • Many people (children) with disabilities were abandoned, killed, ‘warehoused’ in deplorable, inhumane institutions.

  • Education was not a consideration


Initial programs
Initial Programs

  • The American Asylum for the Education and Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb (1817)

  • Maryland Institution for the Instruction of the Blind (1853) (became the Maryland School for the Blind in 1868)

  • Also started the Maryland School for the Colored Blind and Deaf in 1872


Music in special ed
Music in Special Ed.

  • Literature shows that:

    • Music was used to teach students with disabilities

    • Singing was used to improve speech, breathing, and articulation skills

    • Music was used in diagnosing hearing problems before the development of audiology equipment

    • Music was used with deaf and hard of hearing students


Early mid 1900s
Early-Mid 1900s

  • Early 1900s- Public Education for all typical children

  • By 1950s, as attitudes began to change, parents began organizing efforts to obtain funding for special schools for their children with special needs.

  • 1960s brought more enlightened thinking regarding ALL people with needs, such as poverty, mental illness, racial inequalities, etc.

  • NO LEGAL STANDING



Brown vs board of ed 1954
Brown vs. Board of Ed. (1954) special needs

  • School desegregation case

  • Integrating ed. settings

  • Separate is not equal

  • Beginning of the end for ALL exclusionary practices in schools


Eha ed of the handicapped act
EHA special needs: Ed. of the Handicapped Act

  • 1970

  • Expanded federal grant programs

  • Funded pilot studies for Special Ed.

  • Funds for development of University programs for special ed. Teacher training


Parc penn assoc of retarded citizens vs commonwealth
PARC special needs Penn. Assoc of Retarded Citizens vs. Commonwealth

  • 1971

  • Established right for a FAPE (Free, Appropriate Public Education) for students with mental retardation

  • Schools could not exclude students with MR

  • Due Process must be followed

  • Educate in less restrictive settings when possible


Mills vs bd of ed
Mills vs. Bd. Of Ed. special needs

  • 1972- expanded on PARC

  • Guaranteed Due Process include procedures relating to labeling, placement, and exclusionary stages of decision making

  • Schools had to fund Spec. Ed., even when funds were low

  • Protection for more than just MR


Sec 504 of rehabilitation act
Sec 504 of Rehabilitation Act special needs

  • 1973

  • Federal anti-discrimination law (civil rights)

  • No org. that receives federal funds can discriminate based on disability condition

  • Protects for alternate DX, such as medical illness, ADHD, behavior d/o, substance abuse

  • Did not guarantee equal participation (extra-curric), but equal opportunity.


Pl94 142 education for all handicapped children act
PL94-142 special needs Education for All Handicapped Children Act

  • 1975

  • Complete access to FAPE in the LRE (Least Restrictive Environment)

  • Later became IDEA: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (1990) [PL101-476]

  • Revised and reauthorized in 1997, then became the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act 2004


Idea 6 principles
IDEA: 6 Principles special needs

  • Zero Reject(ion): FAPE for ALL!!!

  • Nondiscriminatory evaluation for eligibility & need for services

  • LRE (Least Restrictive Environment)

  • IEP (Individualized Education Plan): services must be individualized

  • Parents’ right to full involvement in decisions, including the education plan

  • Due Process guarantee


Some key idea amendments
Some Key IDEA Amendments special needs

  • Pre-school children (3-5)

  • Early Intervention (under 3)

  • Handicap replaced by Disability; Person 1st language

  • Autism & TBI included

  • Assistive Technology


Current idea issues
Current IDEA issues special needs

  • Higher expectations for students

  • Increase access to regular ed.

  • Use of research-based teaching interventions mandated

  • Strengthen parent role

  • Redefine Spec. Ed. as a service for eligible students, rather than a destination for their ed.

  • Support professional development for all school personnel


Ada americans with disabilities act
ADA special needs: Americans with Disabilities Act

  • 1990

  • Most sweeping antidiscrimination disability legislation to date

  • Extends civil rights and nondiscrimination protection to most public and private programs, services, and agencies.


Nclb no child left behind act
NCLB: No Child Left Behind Act special needs

  • 2001

  • PL 107-110

    -- Increased accountability

    • carrot or whip?

      --More choices for parents & students

      --Greater $$ flexibility for states, school districts, and schools

      --Stronger emphasis on reading