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PROMOTING RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES TO REDUCE POVERTY IN RURAL COMMUNITIES IN BAMBOUTOS WESTERN PROVINCE, CAMEROON. By Boris Merlain DJOUSSE K. Engineer. OUTLINES. Presentation of ACREST Some physical data of bamboutos areas Energy and poverty in Bamboutos division

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By Boris Merlain DJOUSSE K. Engineer


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    1. PROMOTING RENEWABLE ENERGY • TECHNOLOGIES TO REDUCE POVERTY IN RURAL COMMUNITIES IN BAMBOUTOS • WESTERN PROVINCE, CAMEROON By Boris Merlain DJOUSSE K. Engineer Using locally available resources for a reliable and sustainable development

    2. OUTLINES • Presentation of ACREST • Some physical data of bamboutos areas • Energy and poverty in Bamboutos division • ACREST contribution to RETs development • Conclusion Using locally available resources for a reliable and sustainable development

    3. PRESENTATION OF ACREST ACREST is a laic, apolitical and civil society Organization based in a rural area of Cameroon Using locally available resources for a reliable and sustainable development

    4. PRESENTATION OF ACREST ACREST main tasks consist in: • Collecting information and know-how on appropriate technology from both developed and developing world; • Adapt it to the local social, cultural and economical context; • Demonstrate how it works; how it can save time by avoiding tedious handwork; • Promote its replication by local artisan, and diffusion through the local market Using locally available resources for a reliable and sustainable development

    5. PRESENTATION OF ACREST (end) Energy sevice provider and a production center Focussing on 2 main categories 1-Renewable Energies Solar energy, hydo-energy, Wind energy,Biomass, Biogas and Muscular energy. 2-Sustainable technologies Pumps (water supply), Food processing equipments, transport, improved cooking stoves, Low-cost building techniques, sanitation, recycling etc. Using locally available resources for a reliable and sustainable development

    6. SOME PHYSICAL DATA OF BAMBOUTOS RURAL AREAS • Hihgland region (800-2700m) • Abundant rainfall throughout the year (with an aerage of 1500mm) and temperature range in between 15 to 30°C. • Densed hydrographic network with numerous rainfalls Using locally available resources for a reliable and sustainable development

    7. ENERGY AND POVERTY IN BAMBOUTOS DIVISION • Only 5% of rural population have acces to electricity facilities; • Up to 65% of public schools are not connected to the grid, with no access to information Technology • Up to 95% of water supply systems are out of use due to energy shortage. Using locally available resources for a reliable and sustainable development

    8. ENERGY AND POVERTY IN BAMBOUTOS DIVISION(end) • Walking for 1 to 3hr to find a milling machine for maize, collect firewood or buy kerosene for lighting • Women spend several hours to cook with an open fire: three stones system. • Food processing equipments are rudimentary and time consuming. Agriculture remains the main activity. • Children walk long distances after school to fetch water or collect firewood. Using locally available resources for a reliable and sustainable development

    9. ACREST CONTRIBUTION TO RETs DEVELOPMENT • Direct use of mecanical energy from water • Simple to passive water lifting devices Crossflow turbine Hubbson wheel Rope pump Noria wheel Using locally available resources for a reliable and sustainable development

    10. Development of small hydro power (SHP) plans ACREST CONTRIBUTION TO RETs DEVELOPMENT • Installation of 2 Picco-hydro systems 0.5kw generator installed 1kw generator installed Construction of picco hydro canals Using locally available resources for a reliable and sustainable development

    11. Development of small hydro power (SHP) plans (end) ACREST CONTRIBUTION TO RETs DEVELOPMENT • On going installation of 2 micro-hydro systems 7.5 kw alternator using a locally manufactured pelton turbine 30 kw alternator using a locally manufactured crossflow turbine Using locally available resources for a reliable and sustainable development

    12. Promotion of other renewable energy sources ACREST CONTRIBUTION TO RETs DEVELOPMENT (end) • Solar energy: an experimental solar collector is installed • and working properly • Wind energy: A wind generator with locally manufactured blades is installed and together with the solar panel, ensures self lighting of a 4 rooms flat • Capacity building • Resource place for universities students In the library Enjoying simple water lifting pump Discovering the pico- hydro Using locally available resources for a reliable and sustainable development

    13. CONCLUSION • Lack of capacity building and expertise • Poor access to technical and practical information and know-how • Technologies use in our rural are inefficient. • Poor productivity in allmost all domains and hence to extreme povety. • Thanks IN-SHP for organising this training workshop and believes that it will be of great interest to ACREST (cameroonians) as well as to other african countries. • Wish that more often such training sessions be organised. Using locally available resources for a reliable and sustainable development

    14. Thanks for your attention! www.acrest.org info@acrest.org Using locally available resources for a reliable and sustainable development